Holy Trinity Gough Square

Coordinates: 51°30′55″N 0°06′31″W / 51.51528°N 0.10861°W / 51.51528; -0.10861

Holy Trinity
General information
Architectural style Romanesque Revival architecture
Town or city City of London
Country England
Construction started 1838
Completed 1842
Demolished 1906
Cost £1,600
Client Anglican Church
Technical details
Structural system Hexagonal
Design and construction
Architect John Shaw
Engineer Thomas Robinson

Holy Trinity Gough Square [1] was a Victorian church in the City of London.


Trinity Church was built in the parish of St Bride's in the City of London, on the initiative of the vicar, the Reverend Thomas Dale, who felt that the parish church was inadequate for the size of the population. He first proposed a schoolroom that would double as an occasional chapel, but soon found that it would be practical to build a church, funded by subscriptions, and grants from the Church Commissioners and the Metropolitan fund for the erection of churches. The first stone was laid on 3 October 1837, and the building was consecrated on 21 June the next year. The architect was John Shaw (Junior).[2]

The church was built on a small, triangular site, at the junction of Great New Street and Pemberton Row, given by the Goldsmiths Company.[2]

The main body of the church was hexagonal, with a large octagonal recess on the eastern side serving as a chancel. Two galleries supported on small iron columns ran around the church, with an organ in the upper gallery on the west side, over the main entrance. The exterior was faced in yellow brick, with round-headed windows. There was Norman-style tower topped by pinnacles.[2]

The church seated 1100, half in free seats, the others rented at between 3 and 6 shillings a year.[2] The social reformer Charles Booth noted it served the area’s poorer citizens.[3]

As the century wore on legislation was passed to reduce the number of City churches and after a comparatively short existence[4] the then Bishop of London authorised the reunification of the two parishes,[5] the proceeds from the sale going towards the building of St Mellitus, Hanwell.[6]


See also

Anglicanism portal
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