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House of La Marck

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Title: House of La Marck  
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Subject: Anne of Cleves, John III, Duke of Cleves, William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Engelbert, Count of Nevers, Catherine of Cleves (1417–1479)
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House of La Marck

von der Mark coat of arms

The House of La Marck, (Maison de La Marck), original German name von der Mar(c)k, was an important family in the history of Europe, which from about 1200 appeared as the Counts of Mark.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Notable members 2
  • Simplified genealogy 3
    • Counts of Mark 3.1
    • Dukes of Cleves—La Mark 3.2
    • Counts of Marck—Arenberg 3.3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The family history started with Count Adolf I, scion of a cadet branch of the Rhenish Berg dynasty residing at Altena Castle in Westphalia. In the early 13th century Adolf took his residence at his family's estates around Mark, a settlement in present-day Hamm-Uentrop. Adolf had inherited the Mark fortress from his father Count Frederick I of Berg-Altena (d. 1198) together with the older county around Altena and began to call himself Count de La Mark.

Originally liensmen of the Archbishops of Cologne in the Duchy of Westphalia, the family reigned the County of Mark, an immediate state of the Holy Roman Empire, and, at the height of their powers, the four duchies of Julich, Cleves, Berg and Guelders as well as the County of Ravensberg. Members of the family became Bishops in the Prince-Bishoprics of Liège, Münster and Osnabrück, and Archbishops in Cologne. Later collateral lines became Dukes of Bouillon, a title which was later inherited by the House of La Tour d'Auvergne, Princes of Sedan, Dukes of Nevers, Counts of Rethel and so forth. Anne of Cleves is one of the most renowned figures in history descending from the main line of the House of La Mark.

Notable members

In 1591 the heiress of one of the collateral lines of the family, Charlotte de la Marck, was married to Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Marshal of France. In 1594 Charlotte died without issue, and her claims to Bouillon passed to her husband.

Simplified genealogy

Counts of Mark

La Mark coat of arms, 14th century
  1. Adolf I (d. 1249), first documented as comes de Marca in 1202
  2. Engelbert I (d. 1277)
  3. Eberhard (d. 1308)
  4. Engelbert II (d. 1328)
  5. Adolf II (d. 1346), married Margaret of Cleves in 1332
  6. Engelbert III (d. 1391)
  7. Adolf III (1334–1394), Count of Cleves from 1368 → see below
  8. Engelbert (1304–1368), Prince-Bishop of Liège 1345–1364, Archbishop of Cologne 1364–68
  9. Eberhard I (d. about 1378), Count of Arenberg → see below
  10. Adolf (1288–1344), Prince-Bishop of Liège 1313–1344
  11. Dukes of Cleves—La Mark

    Cleves-La Mark coat of arms, 15th century
    Cleves-La Mark coat of arms, 15th century
    1. Adolf III (1334–1394), second son of Adolf II with Margaret of Cleves, Prince-bishop of Münster 1357–1363 and Archbishop of Cologne in 1363, inherited the County of Cleves upon the death of his maternal uncle Count Johann in 1368 and became Count of Mark upon the death of his elder brother Engelbert III in 1391
    2. Adolph I (1373–1448), Duke of Cleves from 1417
    3. Margaret of Cleves, Duchess of Bavaria-Munich (1416–144)
    4. John I (1419–1481)
    5. John II (1458–1521)
    6. John III (1490–1539), married Maria of Jülich-Berg in 1509, inherited the duchies of Jülich and Berg and the County of Ravensberg upon the death of his father-in-law Duke William IV of Jülich-Berg, ruled the United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg upon the death of his father in 1521
    7. Sybille (1512–1554), married to Elector John Frederick of Saxony
    8. Anne (1515–1557), married to King Henry VIII of England
    9. William the Rich (1516–1592), married Maria of Habsburg, Archduchess of Austria and daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I, claimed the Duchy of Guelders upon the death of Duke Charles in 1538
    10. Marie Eleonore (1550–1608), married to Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
    11. John Frederick (1555–1575)
    12. John William (1562–1609), extinction of the line, followed by the War of the Jülich succession
    13. Amalia (1517–1586)
    14. Engelbert, Count of Nevers (1462–1506)
    15. Elisabeth (1420–1488), Countess of Schwarzburg
    16. Agnes (1422–1446), Queen of Navarre
    17. Adolph of Cleves, Lord of Ravenstein (1425–1492)
    18. Mary (1426–1487), Duchess of Orléans
    19. Dietrich II (1374–1398)
    20. Counts of Marck—Arenberg

      Arenberg coat of arms, Siebmacher, about 1605
      1. Eberhard I (d. about 1378)
      2. Erard II von der Mark, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg
      3. Johann II von der Mark, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg
      4. Erard III von der Mark (+ 1496), Lord of Arenberg whose issue will die into the house of Ligne
      5. Robert I de la Marck (+ 1487), Lord of Sedan, chatellain de Bouillon
      6. Robert II de la Marck (1460–1536), Lord of Sedan, Duke of Bouillon
      7. Robert III de la Marck (1491–1537), Lord of Sedan, Duke of Bouillon
      8. Robert IV de la Marck (1520–1556), Duke of Bouillon, Earl of Braine & Maulevrier, Lord of Sedan.
      9. Henri Robert de la Marck (1539–1574), Duke of Bouillon, sovereign Prince de Sedan,
      10. Guillaume Robert de la Marck (1563–1588), Pr of Sedan, Dke de Bouillon, Marquess of Cotron
      11. Charlotte de la Marck (1574–1594), Dss of Bouillon, Pss de Sedan oo Henri de La Tour D'Auvergne
      12. Erard de la Marck (1472–1538), Prince-bishop of Liège 1506–1538
      13. William von der Marck Le Sanglier des Ardennes
      14. Johann I von der Marck, Baron of Lummen
      15. Johann II von der Marck, Baron of Lummen (1500–1552)
      16. William II de la Marck, Baron of Lummen, admiral of the Gueux de mer (1542–1578)
      17. See also

        References

        1. ^ a b Neil Jeffares Dictionary of Pastellists before 1800, LA MARCK
        2. ^ Honoré-Gabriel de Riquetti Mirabeau (comte de), Auguste Marie Raymond Arenberg (prince d', comte de La Marck), Adolphe Fourier de Bacourt. Correspondance entre le comte de Mirabeau et le comte de La Marck: pendant les années 1789, 1790 et 1791 volume 1, V. Le Normant, 1851 p. 280 (French)

        External links

        Genealogy de la Marck on genealogy.euweb.cz :

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