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Hypothalamic-pituitary hormone

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Title: Hypothalamic-pituitary hormone  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pharmacology, Tetrapeptide, Insulin-like growth factor, Laminarid, Nucleic acid inhibitor
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hypothalamic-pituitary hormone

Hypothalamic-pituitary hormones refer to a class of hormones that are produced by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. Although the organs in which they are produced are relatively small, the effects of these hormones cascade throughout the body.

Hormones of the hypothalamic-pituitary-end organ axis[1]
HPT axis HPA axis HPG axis Growth Lactation
Hypothalamic hormone TRH CRH GnRH GHRH Dopamine (inhibitor)
Pituitary hormone TSH ACTH LH and FSH GH Prolactin
End organ
(Testes or ovaries)
Breast gland
or estradiol
(no feedback)

It is possible for the function of these hormones to be altered by physical activity.[2]


  1. ^ Melmed S, Jameson JL (2005). "Disorders of the anterior pituitary and hypothalamus". In Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, et al.. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine (16th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. pp. 2076–97.  
  2. ^ Bobbert T, Brechtel L, Mai K, et al. (November 2005). "Adaptation of the hypothalamic-pituitary hormones during intensive endurance training". Clinical endocrinology 63 (5): 530–6.  
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