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I Marine Amphibious Corps

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Title: I Marine Amphibious Corps  
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Subject: Ira Hayes, List of corps of the United States, Harlon Block, IMAC, Paramarines, Bougainville Campaign, 3rd Division (New Zealand), Charles D. Barrett, Alan Shapley, Battle of Piva Forks
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I Marine Amphibious Corps

The I Marine Amphibious Corps, or I MAC, was a formation of the United States Marine Corps.

It was created on 1 October 1942, with most of the staff transferred from Amphibious Corps, Pacific Fleet (ACPF). It was then deployed to the South Pacific Area – a U.S.-led multinational military command active during World War II that was a part of the U.S. Pacific Ocean Areas – first to Hawaii, then to New Caledonia.[1]

When the Marine Corps was not satisfied with the leadership of its commander, Major General Clayton B. Vogel, Commandant Thomas Holcomb ordered Alexander Vandegrift to take command. Vandegrift, the commander of the 1st Marine Division during the Battle of Guadalcanal was promoted to lieutenant general.[2]

General Vandegrift carried on in command of the Corps when its next-designated commander for the invasion of Bougainville, Major General Charles D. Barrett, died following a fall from the balcony of his quarters in New Caledonia.[3] General Vandegrift led I MAC during the invasion and was later made the Commandant.

Consisting of the 3rd Marine Division, the 37th Infantry Division of the United States Army, and a brigade of the 3rd New Zealand Division, it conducted the invasion of Bougainville.

On 15 April 1944, I MAC was renamed the III Amphibious Corps.[4]

Commanders

  • Clayton B. Vogel – 1 October 1942 – July 1943
  • Charles D. Barrett – 27 September 1943 – 8 October 1943 (died from a fall)
  • Alexander Vandegrift – July 1943 – 27 September 1943 and 8 October 1943 – 1 November 1943

See also

Notes

  • Marine Corps Forces, Europe
  • Marine Corps Forces, South
  • Marine Corps Forces, Strategic
I Marine Expeditionary Force
III Marine Expeditionary Force
Marine Forces Reserve
others
Support Establishment
Support Establishment
Marine Corps Installations Command
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