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Icelandic constitutional referendum, 1944

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Title: Icelandic constitutional referendum, 1944  
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Subject: Icelandic loan guarantees referendum, 2010, Constitution of Iceland, Denmark–Iceland relations, List of parliaments of Iceland, Iceland
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Icelandic constitutional referendum, 1944

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

A referendum was held in Iceland between 20 and 23 May 1944.[1] Voters were asked whether the Union with Denmark should be abolished and whether to adopt a new republican constitution. Both measures were approved with more than 98% in favour. Voter turnout was 98.4%.[2]


Abolishing the Act of Union

Choice Votes %
For 71,122 99.5
Against 377 0.5
Invalid/blank votes 1,559
Total 73,058 100
Registered voters/turnout 74,272 98.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

New republican constitution

Choice Votes %
For 69,435 98.5
Against 1,051 1.5
Invalid/blank votes 2,572
Total 73,058 100
Registered voters/turnout 74,272 98.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


The Republic of Iceland came into being on 17 June 1944. Since Denmark was still occupied by Nazi Germany, many Danes felt offended that the step should have been taken at that time. Nevertheless, King of Denmark Christian X sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people.

See also


  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p961 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p967
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