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Illinois World War II Army Airfields

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Title: Illinois World War II Army Airfields  
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Subject: Chicago Midway International Airport, Chanute Air Force Base, List of airports in Illinois, St. Louis Downtown Airport
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Illinois World War II Army Airfields

During World War II, the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) established numerous airfields in Illinois for training pilots and aircrews of USAAF fighters and bombers.

Most of these airfields were under the command of First Air Force or the Army Air Forces Training Command (AAFTC) (A predecessor of the current-day United States Air Force Air Education and Training Command). However the other USAAF support commands (Air Technical Service Command (ATSC); Air Transport Command (ATC) or Troop Carrier Command) commanded a significant number of airfields in a support roles.

It is still possible to find remnants of these wartime airfields. Many were converted into municipal airports, some were returned to agriculture and several were retained as United States Air Force installations and were front-line bases during the Cold War. Hundreds of the temporary buildings that were used survive today, and are being used for other purposes.

Major Airfields

Army Air Force Training Command

Eastern Technical Training Center (Metrological School; adv. Specialities)
9th Army Air Force Base Unit
Was: Chanute Air Force Base (1917-1993)
Now: Rantoul National Aviation Center (ICAO: KTIPFAA LID: TIP)
Contract Pilot School
Now: St. Louis Downtown Airport
AAF Southeast Training Center
327th Army Air Force Base Unit
Now: Lawrenceville-Vincennes International Airport (IATA: LWVICAO: KLWVFAA LID: LWV)
Sub-base of George AAF
Now: Columbus Municipal Airport (IATA: CLUICAO: KBAKFAA LID: BAK)
Sub-base of George AAF
Now: Sturgis Municipal Airport (ICAO: KTWTFAA LID: TWT)

Air Transport Command

8th Army Air Force Base Unit
Now: LID: BLV)

Air Technical Service Command

395th Army Air Force Base Unit
Joint use USAAF/Civil Airport
Now: Chicago Midway International Airport (IATA: MDWICAO: KMDWFAA LID: MDW)
  • Orchard Place APT/Douglas AAF, Chicago
Joint use USAAF/Civil Airport
Now: O'Hare International Airport (IATA: ORDICAO: KORDFAA LID: ORD)

References

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
  • Thole, Lou (1999), Forgotten Fields of America : World War II Bases and Training, Then and Now - Vol. 2. Pictorial Histories Pub . ISBN 1-57510-051-7
  • Military Airfields in World War II - Illinois

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