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Joué-sur-Erdre

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Joué-sur-Erdre

Joué-sur-Erdre
Yaoued

Church of St-Léger, Joué-sur-Erdre

Coat of arms
Joué-sur-Erdre
Joué-sur-Erdre

Coordinates: 47°29′47″N 1°25′08″W / 47.4964°N 1.4189°W / 47.4964; -1.4189Coordinates: 47°29′47″N 1°25′08″W / 47.4964°N 1.4189°W / 47.4964; -1.4189

Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Department Loire-Atlantique
Arrondissement Ancenis
Canton Riaillé
Intercommunality Pays d'Ancenis
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Pierre Belleil
Area
 • Land1 54.53 km2 (21.05 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 1,901
 • Population2 density 35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Time zone CET (GMT +1)
INSEE/Postal code 44077 / 44440
Elevation 7–66 m (23–217 ft)
(avg. 37 m or 121 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Joué-sur-Erdre is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.

People from Joué-sur-Erdre are called Jovéens (men) and Jovéennes (women).

Etymology

The name of Joué-sur-Erdre comes from the Latin word Jovis (Jupiter) and the Celtic word erdam (little river).[1] Its Breton name is Yaoued. The Breton name of the people from Yaoued is Yaouedad (for men) and Yaouedadez (for women).

Geography

Situation

Joué-sur-Erdre is at 47°29′47″N 1°25′08″W / 47.49639°N 1.41889°W / 47.49639; -1.41889, in western France in Loire-Atlantique. The commune is 29 km north-west of Ancenis and 30 km north-east of Nantes.

The commune is, as the crow flies, 318 km of Paris.

Relief

The highest point in the city is 66 meters above the sea level, the deepest one is seven meters above. The mean elevation is 37 meters above the sea level.

Hydrology

Further information: Erdre

The commune is crossed by the Erdre and the Isac rivers.

The lake Vioreau was extended in 1835 to reached 200 ha.

Geology

Climate

Global warming

Although the highest point of the commune is 66 meters above the sea level, the mean level is 37 meters. That is to say that the commune is concerned by the golbal warming and the elevation of the sea level.

Joué-sur-Erdre is among the 69,68% communes concerned by this elevation.[2][3]

Town planning

Urban morphology

The commune is made up of the principal village and many other hamlets as Notre-Dame-des-Langueurs, la Demenure, la Mulonnière, Franchaud, la Cormerais, and la Gicquelière.

Communications and transports

The RN 178, running from east/west, crosses Joué-sur-Erdre.

The hamlet of Gros Breil is crossed by railway tracks.

The nearest airport is in Ancenis.

Adjacent villages

North-West: Abbaretz North: La Meilleraye-de-Bretagne North-East: Riaillé
West: Saffré Joué-sur-Erdre East: Trans-sur-Erdre
South-West: Nort-sur-Erdre South: Les Touches South-East: Trans-sur-Erdre

History

In the 9th century, to shield the country from Norman invasion waves, a fort called Alon was built on what is now known as Joué-sur-Erdre.[1]

At the beginning of the 13th century, the castel of Vioreau and its neighbouring lands were called "Joué" referring to the lord who lived in, Hervé de Joué. In this time, Joué was the heart of the greatest seigniory near Nantes with a surface reaching twenty parishes in the 16th century. It was later assimilated in the Barony of Chateaubriant.[1]

Two castels are still existing in the parish, Lucinière and la Chauvelière. In the first one used to live the bishops of Nantes from the 15th to the 16th centuries. The castel of la Chauvelière used to belong to the Brittany chancellor.[1]

On 13 August 1487, after the failure of the siege of Nantes (fom 19 June to 6 August 1487) hold by the duc de Bretagne, King Charles VIII and Anne of Beaujeu encamped with their troops in Joué.[1]

In 1592, during the Holy League, Joué-sur-Erdre and Nort-sur-Erdre hosted 12,000 French and Spanish troops headed by the Duke of Mercœur.[1]

On 30 May 1847, the village took its current name of Joué-sur-Erdre.[1]

Economy

In 2004, only eight firms were created in Joué-sur-Erdre, which place the village to the 5,071st position.

Emploi

In 1999, the labor force reached 671 people. The unemployment rate of the village was 10,4%.[4]

Distribution of jobs by domain of activity
Farmers Craftsmen, storekeepers, business managers Cadre, Intellectual Professions intermédiaires
('Intermediate occupations')
Employee Blue-collar worker
Joué-sur-Erdre 13% 5,1% 6,2% 14,1% 27,7% 33,8%
National average 2,4% 6,4% 12,1% 22,1% 29,9% 27,1%
Data : INSEE[5]

Politics and administration

Political tendencies and results

French European Constitution referendum of 2005

During the European Constitution referendum which took place on 29 May 2005, there were 40,39% voting "yes" and 59,61% voting "no". The abstention rate was 26,04%.[6]

French presidential election of 2007

During the first round Nicolas Sarkozy obtained 27,74% of the votes and Ségolène Royal obtained 25,12%. During the second round 53,06% of the votes were obtained by des voix furent remportées par Nicolas Sarkozy against 46,94% for Ségolène Royal. The participation rate was 86,48% (nationwide : 83,97%) and spoilt vote represented 3,75% of the electors (nationwide : 4,20%).

French legislative election of 2007

Joué-sur-Erdre is part of the Loire-Atlantique's 5th constituency.

During the second round Michel Ménard was elected.

2nd round
Candidate Party % Votes
Michel Ménard PS 51,11 % 36,891
Robert Diat UMP 48,89 % 35,292

French municipal elections of 2008

Joué-sur-Erdre's population is between 1500 and 2500 inhabitants, thus they elect 19 counsellors.

The new mayor is Jean-Pierre Belleil.

List of mayors

Mayors
Term Name Political Party Notes
1800 - 1809 Eugène François Roussel
1810–1814 François Lecudon Notary.
1815 - December 13, 1820 Aimé-Désiré Anneau Notary. Dead on December 13, 1820, he was 38.
1821 - January 1833 François Priou Geometrician
February 1833 - August 1840 Jacques-Désiré Marbin
August 1840 - June - 1844 Pierre Guillaume Louis Calice Châtelain de l'Auvinière
November 1844 - September 1870 Marc Jacques Pierre Nouais
May 1871 - 1878 Jean-Baptiste Nouais
March 1878 - ? Amaury de Goyon Matignon de Marcé Marquis. Mayor during 1881, 1886 and 1891 censuses.
? Mr Nouais Mayor during 1896 and 1901 censuses.
? Amaury de Goyon ? Marquis. Mayor during 1906 census and in 1918.
? ? ? ?
? - March 2001 Isabelle Le Gualès de Mézaubran
March 2001 - March 2008 Hervé Lubert DVD
March 2008 - in office Jean-Pierre Belleil Farmer

Environmental politics

The allée de Chênes ("alley of Oaks") of the château de Lucinière, also called "la Grande Avenue", is a classified environmental site since February 9, 1949.[9][10] It shelters tercentenaries oaks.

Twin city

Joué-sur-Erdre do not have a twin city.

Population and society

Demographics

From 1836 to 1931

From 1836 to 1931, the population of Joué-sur-Erdre reached nearly 3,000 inhabitants with a maximum of 2,901 inhabitants in 1891. No data is available for the 1916 census.

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From 1962 to present

The demographic evolution of Joué-sur-Erdre can be evaluated by the INSEE only since 1962.

Historical population of Joué-sur-Erdre
Year 1962196819751982199019992006
Population 1755188217241764174016901901

There are 669 households in Joué-sur-Erdre. The table below shows the size of these households.

Households
People : 1 person 2 people 3 p. 4 p. 5 p. 6 p. or +
Joué-sur-Erdre 29,9% 32,3% 13,6% 14,1% 8,1% 2,1%
National average 31% 31,1% 16,2% 13,8% 5,5% 2,4%
Sources des données : INSEE[11]

The median income was 10,702 in 2004, which is below the national average of €15,027.[12]

Education

There are two schools in Joué-sur-Erdre : the École primaire privée Saint Louis de Gonzague and the École Roger et Renée Jolivot.[13]

Health

Joué-sur-Erdre is home to a Fire and Emergency Center.

Housing

There are 863 housing units in Joué-sur-Erdre. Among these 77,5% are main homes .[14]

Moreover 77,1% of the households own their home.[14]

Culture and heritage

Monuments and tourist places

Civil monuments

The castel of Vioreau ; built in 1202.[1] It remains only ruins.

The château de Lucinière built in the 14th and 19th centuries. Its chapel, its orangery, its dining room and its internal decoration are historic monuments since December 9, 1985.

The castel of la Chauvelière, 17th and 19th centuries, used to be own by the Brittany chancellor.

Vestiges of the fountain Saint-Léger from 17th-18th centuries[1]

The houses of workers (1717) are in La Vallée.[1]

The city hall is located in an old presbytery built by Father Tiger in 1784. It is the city hall since 1987.[1]

The Hôtel des trois rois where Kings slept, including François Ier (May 1532), Henri II (on 12 July 1551), Charles IX and Catherine de Médicis (on 15 and 16 October 1565).[1]

Religious monuments

There are two churches in Joué-sur-Erdre :

  • the église Saint-Léger of Joué built in 1883.[1]
  • the église de Notre-Dame-des-Langueurs, (also called Notre-Dame de la Pitié) built in the beginning of the 20th century.

Heraldry

The coat of arms of Joué-sur-Erdre is blazonned : D'or à la bande ondée d'azur.

Parks

Joué-sur-Erdre hosts two lacs, the lake Vioreau, and the « Little Vioreau » which regularize the water level of the Canal de Nantes à Brest.

Cultural events

Each year the commune celebrate the "Pardon".

Sports and leisure activities

The lake Vioreau allows people to practice several sport activities such as water sports with the ASS Cercle de Voile de Vioreau.

See also

France portal

References

This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the français World Heritage Encyclopedia.

External links

  • Joué-sur-Erdre on the IGN
  • Aerial photos (Panoramio)
  • Map.
  • Census archives of Joué-sur-Erdre
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