World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0018027649
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kurios  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 73, Jesus is Lord, Epitaph on the tomb of Basil II, Women's rights
Collection: Ancient Greek Titles, Septuagint Words and Phrases
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Kurios (κύριος) is a Greek word which is usually translated as "lord" or "master".

In the Septuagint, the word kurios was used to translate the Biblical Hebrew title Adonai. In the New Testament, it is the word used for God.

In some cases, when reading the Hebrew Bible the Jews would substitute Adonai (my Lord) for the Tetragrammaton, and they may have also substituted Kurios when reading to a Greek audience. Origen refers to both practices in his commentary on Psalms (2.2). The practice was due to the desire not to overuse the name of God. Examples of this can be seen in Philo.[1] In The Jewish War (7.10.1) Josephus remarked that Greek-speaking Jews refused to call the emperor Kurios for they reserved that word for God.[1]

In Classical Athens, the word kurios referred to the head of the household,[2] who was responsible for his wife, children, and any unmarried female relatives. It was the responsibility of the kurios to arrange the marriages of his female relatives,[3] provide their dowries, represent them in court, if necessary,[4] and deal with any economic transactions they were involved in worth more than a medimnos of barley.[5] When an Athenian woman married, her husband became her new kurios.[6]

The existence of the system of kurioi elsewhere in ancient Greece is debated, and the evidence is not clear-cut, but Cartledge has argued that in Sparta kurioi existed, though in Gortyn they do not appear to have done.[7]

See also


  1. ^ a b Encountering the manuscripts: an introduction to New Testament paleography by Philip Comfort 2005 ISBN 0-8054-3145-4 page 209
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.