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LeRoy Pope Walker

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LeRoy Pope Walker

LeRoy Walker
1st Confederate States Secretary of War
In office
February 25, 1861 – September 16, 1861
President Jefferson Davis
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Judah Benjamin
Personal details
Born (1817-02-07)February 7, 1817
Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.
Died August 23, 1884(1884-08-23) (aged 67)
Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Alma mater University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa
University of Virginia
Religion Presbyterianism
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861-1862, 1864-1865
Rank Brigadier general
Battles/wars American Civil War

LeRoy Pope Walker (February 7, 1817 – August 23, 1884) was the first Confederate States Secretary of War.

Contents

  • Early life and career 1
  • Civil War 2
  • Post-war 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Bibliography 6

Early life and career

Walker was born near Huntsville, Alabama in 1817, the son of John Williams Walker and Matilda Pope, and a grandson of LeRoy Pope. He was educated by private tutors, then attended universities in Alabama and Virginia. Before reaching the age of 21, he was admitted to the bar. He married Eliza Dickson Pickett on July 29, 1850. He held various offices in Alabama; in 1853, he resigned his position as a circuit court judge in order to focus on his legal practice. He actively promoted secession.[1]

Civil War

Largely on the advice of several of Walker's supporters, including his brother Richard, President Davis appointed him to the post of Secretary of War, though Walker was not personally known to Davis. He was energetic and confident in support of the Confederacy, but had no military training. The stress and difficulties of his cabinet position seriously affected his health.[2] In March 1861, the Southern states that had seceded from the Union appointed special commissioners to travel to those other Southern states that had yet to secede. Walker was chosen as the Commissioner from Alabama to the Tennessee Secession Convention, where he publicly read Alabama's Articles of Secession and tried to persuade Tennessee politicians to vote to do likewise.

In April 1861, shortly after the civil war began with the bombardment of Fort Sumter by rebel forces, Walker predicted that Washington, D.C. and Boston will have fallen to the CSA before May 1 of that year. However, this never happened, and the last time that General Robert E. Lee's army ever invaded the North was his Pennsylvania Campaign, which ended at the Battle of Gettysburg, which the Union forces won. The Confederacy would never again attempt to invade the Union after the Battle of Gettysburg.

Starting in August 1861, Davis encouraged Walker to become a Confederate representative to Europe; Walker did not accept this, but on September 16 he resigned his post. Davis made him a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army, commanding the army garrisons in Mobile and Montgomery, Alabama, before resigning in March 1862.[3] He returned to the army in April 1864 to serve as a military judge.

Post-war

After the war, Walker returned to his legal practice and continued to be interested in politics. He died in 1884 and was buried in Maple Hill Cemetery in Huntsville.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Patrick 1944, p. 105.
  2. ^ Patrick 1944, pp. 104, 106, 110.
  3. ^ Patrick 1944, p. 116–117.
  4. ^ "LeRoy Pope Walker".  
  • "Leroy Pope Walker". The Confederate War Department. Retrieved 2011-08-13. 

Bibliography

  • Patrick, Rembert W. (1944). Jefferson Davis and His Cabinet. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. pp. 104–120. 
Political offices
New office Confederate States Secretary of War
1861
Succeeded by
Judah Benjamin
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