World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Legality of cannabis by country

Article Id: WHEBN0011150914
Reproduction Date:

Title: Legality of cannabis by country  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Adult lifetime cannabis use by country, Cannabis in Uruguay, 420 (cannabis culture), Legal and medical status of cannabis, Annual cannabis use by country
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Legality of cannabis by country

A visual summary of Cannabis laws throughout the World

The legality of cannabis for general or recreational use varies from country to country. Possession of cannabis is illegal in most countries as a result of the agreement about Indian hemp, also known as hashish, in the International Opium Convention (1925).[1] However, many countries have decriminalized the possession of small quantities of cannabis; see the list below.

Some states in the US allow use of medical cannabis in state laws although the use is illegal by federal law. Federal agencies claim that federal law comes first.[2]


Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes
 Albania Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [3] Albania is one of Europe's greatest producers of cannabis.[4][5][6]
 Algeria Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession is illegal[7]
 Argentina Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal Legal for personal use in small amounts and for consumption in private locations. Public consumption is generally accepted among young adults. Consumption for medical purposes is accepted but not legislated (only in private locations). Cultivating, selling and transporting large amounts is illegal and punishable by present laws.[8]
 Australia Illegal (decriminalized in some states) Illegal Illegal One or two plants may be privately grown for personal use in the Australian Capital Territory and South Australia. Personal grows of up to two plants are decriminalized in the Northern Territory. Decriminalized for personal use in small amounts in the Australian Capital Territory, South Australia and the Northern Territory. It is a criminal offence in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania. In SA a person can legally grow 1 non-hydroponic plant, and in the ACT 2 non-hydroponic plants may be grown on their own property for personal use, and in the N.T two non-hydroponic plants can be fined $200 with 28 days to pay rather than face criminal charge. Enforcement varies from state to state,[9] though a criminal conviction for possession of a small amount is unlikely and diversion programs in these states aim to divert offenders into education, assessment and treatment programs.[10] With the rapid expansion in hydroponically grown cannabis cultivation, the Australian Drug Misuse and Trafficking Act (1985) was amended in 2006, reducing the amount of cannabis grown indoors under hydroponic conditions that qualifies as a 'commercial quantity' or as a 'large quantity'[10]
 Austria Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession (which includes the act of smoking) is punishable by prison time of up to 1 year (option of alternative therapy and subsequent waiving of sentence) If it was possessed for personal use the penalty is only up to half a year[11]
 Belgium Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized for 1 bedrocan female plant) Since 2003 adults over the age of 18, in Belgium, were allowed to possess up to 3 grams. But since the 10th of October it has been made illegal again.[12][13]
 Belize Illegal, but mostly tolerated Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis use in Belize is common and largely tolerated; however, possession can result in fines or imprisonment.[14] In 2012, the Government of Belize announced that it was considering decriminalizing possession of 10 grams or less.[15]
 Bolivia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession is illegal.[16]
 Botswana Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis (or Dagga) is illegal, but this is often unenforced.[17][18]
 Brazil Illegal, but mostly tolerated Illegal Illegal Illegal The possession of illegal drugs in Brazil, for personal consumption, entails a warning, community service and education on the effects of drug use. The same applies for the planting and/or preparation of small amounts of any illegal drug. Selling and transportation of any illegal drugs, as well as the possession or cultivation of larger amounts is characterized as drug trafficking, a criminal act punished with 5 to 15 years in prison and a significant fine.[19]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal All cannabis is illegal
 Belarus Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Bulgaria Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is class A (High-risk) drug, together with Heroin, [20] Bulgarian Penal Code (translation requested)
 Cambodia Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized) While technically illegal, the use of cannabis is widespread among the Khmer people and foreigners visiting the country. Marijuana can easily be purchased and smoked in public areas without the threat of arrest. Many "Happy" restaurants located in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville publicly offer food cooked with marijuana, or as a side garnish.[21][22]
 Canada Illegal
(unenforced, decriminalized de facto)(Legal for medical and industrial use with a government issued licence. Recreational use is tolerated in B.C and Maritime provinces)
Illegal Illegal (Legal for medical and industrial deliveries to doctors) Illegal (1 or more plants per person per household) unless in possession of a government issued licence to grow for medical purposes
see Legislation: "Controlled Drugs and Substances Act"[23]
 Chile Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Personal consumption, possession and cultivation (of any drug) is decriminalized when in private locations.
 People's Republic of China Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is cultivated for its seeds and for fiber, and has a long medicinal history.[24]
 Colombia Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal (Legal up to 20 plants for personal consumption) Since 1994, cannabis has been decriminalized for possession of small amounts up to 22 gram for personal consumption, however sale remains illegal.[25] It is legal to poses up to 20 plants for personal consumption [26]
 Comoros Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis was legal during the Comorian historical period between January 1975 and May 1978, when president Ali Soilih legalized cannabis consumption among other measures[27][28]
 Costa Rica Illegal (decriminalized)[29] Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized) Cannabis is illegal but there is a high tolerance of smoking marijuana throughout the country, a decriminalization system is implemented de facto since police officers do not detain people carrying enough for only personal consumption, yet no amount has been defined as a minimum for possession. Usage of Cannabis in Costa Rica is very high.[29]
 Croatia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal From 2013 there is distinction in the Croatian penal code between various illegal substances, they are now separated on heavy drugs and light drugs like Marijuana. According to the law, growing or selling cannabis is considered a felony punishable by a mandatory prison sentence (three years minimum) and from 2013 the possession of small amount of marijuana and other light drugs is a misdemeanor which leads to a fine of 5000–20000kn ($800–3500) depending on the case in question.[30] In all cases the cannabis must be confiscated.[30]
 Cuba Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [31]
 Cyprus Illegal (small amount Legal for medical uses) Illegal Illegal Illegal (Legal for some farms to grow Hemp) Class B substance – life imprisonment is possible for use and maximum 8 years for possession (maximum 2 yrs for first offence for under 25 yr old). In practice, warning may be given to a minor unconscious first offender.[32]
 Czech Republic Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (purchase legal; sale of medical cannabis legal, otherwise sale illegal) Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized) Possession of up to ten grams for personal use or cultivation of up to five plants is merely a misdemeanor. Popular destination for smokers.[33][34] Medical use of cannabis on prescription has been legal and regulated since 1 April 2013.[35][36]
 Denmark Illegal, but mostly tolerated Illegal Illegal Illegal As with all drugs, cannabis-related offences are punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years[37] Freetown Christiania, a self-declared autonomous region, is known for its cannabis trade.
 Dominica Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Class B drug to cultivate, sell or possess[38]
 Ecuador Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession is not illegal, defined by Law 108.[39][40][41] Possession of under 10 grams is considered personal use and it is legal and not punished.[42]
 Egypt Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Technically illegal. However, use is widespread and part of every day culture. Convictions are very rare for personal use .[43] Formerly a plant of high status, with several documented medicinal uses in ancient times, cannabis was made illegal in 1925 with the League of Nations’ Geneva International Convention on Narcotic Control, and has been aggressively targeted at various points since then.[44]
 Estonia Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal Up to 7.5 grams is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine. Large amounts and distribution are criminal offences, and are punishable with a fine or by up to 5 years in prison.[45]
 Ethiopia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Despite being the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari movement, possession of cannabis can result in up to 6 months imprisonment.[46]
 Finland Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Extremely limited group of medicinal users (12 people as of 31 January 2010) are permitted to purchase Sativex mouth spray from one special pharmacy in the city of Turku.[47]
 France Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cultivating, selling, owning or consuming cannabis is prohibited.[48] However, legislation was enacted in June 2013 permitting the sale of medications containing cannabis derivatives.[49][50]
 Germany Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal The possession is illegal, while consumption itself is legal on the basis of it being considered self-harm, which is not considered a crime. The possession of small amounts is prosecuted, but charges are virtually always dropped. The definition of this "small amount" varies depending on the federal state, the state of Berlin being the most liberal, allowing 15 grams for personal use in most cases, while most states do not prosecute up to 6 grams.[51]
 Greece Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession or use of even small amounts is illegal in Greece. Individuals are arrested, although rarely convicted by court. Possession of large quantities may lead to several years in prison.[52] The Government was said to be preparing a bill that would decriminalize the use of drugs in August 2011, but finally the legislation was not changed at all.[53]
 Greenland Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Honduras Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal The possession, sale, transportation and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in Honduras.[54]
 Hong Kong Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal The possession, sale, transportation, cultivation of cannabis is illegal under the Dangerous Drug Ordinance[55] (Chapter 134 of the Law of Hong Kong).
 Hungary Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal There is no distinction in Hungarian law between illicit drugs according to dangers. Heroin use has the same legal consequences as cannabis use. Hungarian law prohibits the distribution, and any use (including medical use). However the Penal code distinguishes the punishment between sale and personal use. 283. § (1) paragraph (a) states that "One cannot be punished for drug misuse; if a small, personal amount is produced, acquired, or in possession..." and continues to state that "... provided that before final verdict is determined a verification is provided that continuous 6-month therapy has taken place" The law determines that a "personal quantity" is defined as 1 gram of active substance (i.e. THC), therefore this equates to 12–100 grams of marijuana if calculated that marijuana contains 1–8% THC per unit mass. Possession of larger amounts can lead to a 5–10-year prison sentence.[56]
 Iceland Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Consumption is illegal even in small amounts. Possession, sale, transportation and cultivation could result in jail time. Possession is not strictly enforced. Heavy fines are given.[57]
 Indonesia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Minimum sentence of four years in prison (additional fines may apply) if caught in possession.[58] However, if the user voluntarily reports himself/herself to the police, or is reported by his/her family, the charges will be dropped in accordance to 2009 Narcotics Act, article 24 paragraph 2, 3, 4.
 India Illegal Illegal (with government regulated license) Illegal Illegal Used during observance of certain Hindu rituals. Government-owned shops in holy cities like Varanasi sell cannabis in the form of bhang. Despite the high prevalent usage, this law is Illegal but rarely enforced and treated as a low priority across India. Tourist may often be searched by police officers, but usually in the goal of being bribed and not punished. Further, large tracts of cannabis grow unchecked in the wild in many parts of northern and southern India in many states such as West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamilnadu.[59] Many states such as West Bengal, Tripura, and the North East have their own laws allowing cannabis, locally known as ganja.
 Ireland Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal In November 2013 a bill was presented to the Irish government by TD Luke 'Ming' Flanagan to legalize Cannabis in the country. However the Cannabis Regulation Bill 2013 was defeated by a margin of 111–8 in Dáil Éireann on 6 November.[60][61][62] It was the first bill of its kind in a National Parliament in Europe.
 Israel Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Very small scale of legal usage of medicinal cannabis. However, personal use is relatively decriminalized with little to no penalties for convicted first time violators.[63]
 Italy Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession of small amounts for personal use is a misdemeanor subject to fines and the suspension of documents (passports and/or drivers licenses). The sale of cannabis products is illegal and punishable by imprisonment; cultivation is likewise punishable by imprisonment, even if in small amounts and for exclusive personal use. Licensed cultivation for medical and industrial use is strictly regulated.[64]
 Jamaica Illegal (tentatively decriminalized) Illegal (tentatively decriminalized) Illegal Illegal (tentatively decriminalized) Cultivation, retail and consumption is illegal. However this is often overlooked and cannabis is sold openly. As of 8 October 2013, the House of Representatives has passed a motion to decriminalise possession of small amounts of the drug.[65][66]
 Japan Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession is punishable by up to five years in prison. Importing or selling cannabis is punishable by up to 10 years imprisonment and up to 30 million yen.[67]
 Jordan Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession is illegal and may be punishable by prison sentence.[68]
 Laos Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal As of 2009, a mandatory death penalty is applied for certain cases.[69][70]
 Latvia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is illegal in Latvia.[71] Possession of larger quantities can be punished with up to 15 years in prison. Possession of quantities up to 1g are fined up to 280 euro, for second offences within a year period criminal charges are applied.
 Lebanon Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession is illegal. However, large amounts are grown within the country and personal use, as long as not in public is not a major issue.[72]
 Lithuania Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [73]
 Luxembourg Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession, transportation and consumption are illegal. Prosecution depends on the amount of cannabis one possesses. Since 2001, prison penalty has been substituted by a monetary fine ranging from 250 to 2500 Euros.[74]
 Macau Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Macedonia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal If one possesses a larger amount, a jail sentence of anywhere from three months to five years could possibly be given.[75]
 Malaysia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Malaysian legislation provides for a mandatory death penalty for convicted drug traffickers. Individuals arrested in possession of 15 grams (1/2 ounce) of heroin or 200 grams (seven ounces) of marijuana are presumed by law to be trafficking in drugs.[76]
 Malta Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Chapter 101 of Maltese law (Dangerous Drugs Ordinance) does not specify amounts considered to indicated differences between possession and trafficking (persons with as little as three grammes of cannabis have been charged with dealing) and treats all illegal drugs the same. Penalties for trafficking any illegal drug range between four years and a life sentence and a fine between 2,329.37 Euro and 116,468.67 Euro. Penalties for possession are between 12 months to ten years imprisonment and 465.87 Euro and 23,293.73 Euro in fines.[77] Although prosecution is unlikely, the sale and consumption of cannabis is widely found in Malta.
 Mexico Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal On 21 August 2009 Mexico decriminalized "personal use" possession of up to five grams of Cannabis.[78] Growing and selling Cannabis is illegal.
 Montenegro Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [79]
   Nepal Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal Marijuana and its derivatives, such as Hashish, are widely available throughout Nepal.
 Netherlands decriminalized for personal use, Legal in smoking areas Illegal (Legal for coffeeshops) Illegal (but for coffee shops not enforced) Illegal (exceptions for personal use) Cannabis products are only sold openly in certain local "coffeeshops" and possession of up to 5 grams for personal use is decriminalized. Other types of sales and transportation are not permitted, although the general legal approach toward cannabis was before de facto decriminalization.[80][81][82]
 New Zealand Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

Cultivation, possession or sale of cannabis is illegal.[83] The fruit, seeds, and any other part of the plant are scheduled as Class C substances.[84] Hashish, hash oil, THC, and any other preparations containing THC made by processing the plant are scheduled as Class B substances.[85] In July 2009, a bill promoted by Green Party co-leader Metiria Turei amending the law to permit the use of medicinal cannabis was defeated 84–34 at its first reading, with all members of the ruling National Party voting against it.[86][87]

 North Korea Legal Legal Legal Legal Although several drugs are illegal in North Korea, Cannabis is not one of them.[88]
 Northern Mariana Islands Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal A bill was passed to legalize marijuana. But the governor will only allow medical cannabis to be legal.[89]
 Norway Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Up to 15 grams is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine of 1500-15000 kroner in the case of first-time offenders; possessing more is considered dealing and punished more harshly. Repeat offenders or dealers face prison charges.[90] It's the same punishment with between 6 months and 2 years for personal use, and between 6 months and 21 years for selling in prison for all narcotics.
 Pakistan Illegal, but mostly tolerated Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized for personal use) Laws prohibiting the sale and misuse of cannabis exist, but are very rarely enforced. As with hash, the occasional use of cannabis in community gatherings is broadly tolerated as a centuries old custom, despite its association with lower-income groups. The open use of cannabis by Sufis and Hindus as a means to induce euphoria has never been challenged by the state. Further, large tracts of cannabis grow unchecked in the wild.[91]
 Panama Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Panama are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.[92]
 Paraguay Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [16]
 Peru Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized) Possession is not illegal, defined by Art. 299. Possession of under 8 grams is considered personal use and it is legal and not punished.[93][94][95]
 Philippines Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002, makes provision for restricted medical use.[96]
 Poland Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal On 26 May 2011, Poland introduced legislation to terminate the prosecution for possession of small amounts of drugs for personal use. The law introduces the possibility when a person has negligible amounts of drugs for personal use and is not a dealer. But this is only theory, in practice it's still illegal. The legislation raised the maximum possible penalty for placing a large number of drugs from 10 to 12 years in prison. However, for possession of large quantities of drugs would result up to 10 years in prison (previously up to 8 years).[97]
 Portugal Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized) In 2001, Portugal became the first country in the world to decriminalize the use of all drugs, and started treating drug users as sick people, instead of criminals, although you can be arrested or assigned mandatory rehab if caught several times in possession. See Drug policy of Portugal[98]
 Puerto Rico Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
 Romania Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Romania was (before 1990) a leader in hemp fiber, second only to China. However, possession of small quantities of drug preparations is punishable by a small fine of about $150–200 USD. Possession of large amounts may result in 3–6 years of jail time, and sale may result in more than 6 years jail time.[99] Decriminalization proposed.[100] Medical use is legal under certain conditions.[101]
 Russia Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized) Possession or transport of up to 6 grams (dry weight) of cannabis or 2 grams of hashish with no sale intent is punishable by fine. Possession or transport of more than this amount is punishable by prison term.[102][103][104] Cultivation of less than 20 cannabis plants is decriminalized (punishable by fine) since 2010.[105][106][107][108] Plant itself is illegal. Cannabis seeds contain no controlled substances and are not regulated.
 Saudi Arabia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Use and possession for personal use of any kind of recreational drugs is punishable by imprisonment if caught. Imprisonment for personal use could go up to six months jail time or more. Dealing and smuggling of high amounts of drugs usually result in harsher prison time or even execution, although recently executions are rare. Foreigners who use drugs might be deported.[109]
 Serbia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal The Criminal Code of Serbia outlaws possession (article 246a), sale, transport and cultivation (article 246) of all psychoactive substances.[110]
 Singapore Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is a Class A drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act, making it illegal to cultivate, sell or possess.[111]
 Slovakia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession or use of small amounts of Cannabis is punishable by up to three years in prison.[112][113] In April 2012, The Wall Street Journal reported that Robert Fico, the incoming Slovak prime minister, might push for partial legalisation of Cannabis possession, and has argued for the legalisation of possession of up to three doses of Cannabis for personal use.[113]
 Slovenia Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis cultivation is not illegal for cannabis growers, growing weed with ≤ 0.2 % THC on a ≤ 0.1 ha surface, or ≥ 0.1 ha surface with a govermental permit for cannabis cultivation.[114] There was a proposal of 2012 that would decriminalise medical cannabis,[115] failed with not enough support. The petition for support for medical marijuana decriminalisation for was re-proposed in 2013,[116] succeeded in gaining enough public support for legal cannabis, but the Slovenian goverment rather re-classified cannabis from Class B to Class A illegal drugs, designated fines for small quantity possetion and declared it "decriminalisation" of medical marijuana in 2014.[117]
 Somalia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
 South Africa Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal There is a proposal of 2014 that would decriminalise medical cannabis [118][119]
 South Korea Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis "is illegal in South Korea."[120] South Koreans can be prosecuted in South Korea for use of cannabis in other countries as well, as happened to a South Korean-American hip hop artist who will "spend eight long months in a [South] Korean prison" for his cannabis use while in the U.S.[121]
 Spain Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal Buying or selling any quantity of cannabis is a criminal offence. Possession and consumption in a public place constitutes a misdemeanour and is penalized with a fine and confiscation. Growing the plant on private property for personal use, and consumption by adults in a private space, is legal.[122] About 500 private "cannabis clubs" exist in Spain, 200 of them in Barcelona, and Spain is spoken of as the "new Amsterdam," a destination for marijuana tourists.[123]
 Sri Lanka Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is illegal in Sri Lanka though it is commonly used in Ayurvedic traditional medicines.[124]
 Sweden Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal It is illegal to sell, transfer, purchase, use or possess any quantity of cannabis in Sweden. Social stigmatisation through social rejection and exclusion from the labourmarket and social services are the most common sanctions in matters regarding personal use. The national police runs a "disturb and annoy" program aimed at users supported by the national "zero tolerance" policy. .[125][126]
 Switzerland Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal illegal

Cannabis is decriminalized for possession, sale or transport is Illegal but cultivation is legal in a private property only. However, usually only the minimum penalty is imposed for possession and personal use, even for larger amounts. The federal council has committed to implement changes as to decriminalization of personal use and possession already in 2001, and the parliament is currently tasked to tender concrete approaches. As nothing is coming forth on a parliamentary basis, a referendum was launched in 2008.[127][128]

As of 1 January 2012, the cantons Vaud, Neuchatel, Geneva and Fribourg have allowed the growing and cultivation of up to 4 cannabis plants per person, in an attempt to curb illegal street trafficking,[129] but this cantonal law was unvalidated in October 2012, as federal law must prevail on cantonal law.

 Syria Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Under the policies of the government of Bashar al-Assad, many cannabis offences, from simple use to trafficking, reportedly often carried a sentence of life imprisonment. As the country has become destabilised as a result of civil war, people living in areas controlled by Kurdish separatists have begun growing cannabis as a way of making money to fight poverty.[130]
 Republic of China (Taiwan) Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis is a schedule 2 narcotic in the ROC, and possession can result in up to three years imprisonment.[131]
 Tunisia Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [132][133]
 Turkey Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Consuming any drug (personal use or not) is illegal and requires juridical process. Possessing, purchasing or receiving any illegal drug, including Cannabis, is punishable by 1–2 years in prison; there is also the option of treatment and/or probation for up to three years. If users refuse treatment or do not comply with probation requirements, the courts can decide on sentencing.[134] Sale and supply is punishable by a prison term of 5–10 years, and production or trafficking by a minimum term of 10 years.[134]
 United Arab Emirates Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Even the smallest amounts of the drug can lead to a mandatory four-year prison sentence.[135]
 United Kingdom Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

Cannabis is a Class B drug (moderate risk) in the UK. Police enforcement actions vary from county to county but possession of less than 3 grams is unlikely to result in any more than a mere confiscation and a written warning for the first two cannabis possession offences.

 United States Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level in Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, DC and the city of Portland, Maine; decriminalized in 14 states, medicinal legal in 20 states and Guam) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level with a state issued license in Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and DC. Legal medicinal sales in several additional states.) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level within the states of Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and DC. Legal for medicinal patients in several additional states. ) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level for individuals/commercial in Colorado, Alaska and Oregon, and commercially in Washington. Medicinal growing is legal in several states as well.)

Laws vary by state. Federal law classifies cannabis as a Schedule I substance, the same classification as heroin. The United States Supreme Court has ruled in Gonzales v. Raich that the federal government has the power to regulate and criminalize cannabis, even for medical purposes.

 Ukraine Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to 5 grams Illegal Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to 5 grams Illegal (decriminalized) up to 10 plants "Aspects of cannabis laws in Ukraine"[136]
 Uruguay Legal Legal Legal Legal

Jose Mujica has fully legalized any use of Cannabis in Uruguay; law does not specify quantity for "personal amount".[16] As of 10 December 2013, the House of Representatives and Senate passed a bill legalizing and regulating the production and sale of the drug. But the president has postponed the implementation to 2015 and parts of the opposition claim that the new law will never be implemented.[137] The new law says that buyers must be 18 or older, residents of Uruguay, and must register with the authorities. Authorities will grow the cannabis that can be sold legal.[138][139][140] In August 2014 claimed an opposition presidential candidate that the new law never is going to be applied, it is not workable.

 Uzbekistan Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Opiates, cannabis and other plants containing psychotropic substances are illegal.[141]
 Venezuela Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal As of 15 September 2010 possession of up to 20 grams of Marijuana or 5 grams of genetically modified Marijuana, if proven not to be for medical or personal consumption, is punishable by 1 to 2 years in prison at judge's discretion. If deemed to be for personal consumption, the user is subject to security measures involving rehabilitation and detoxification procedures. Articulos 131 y 153 de la Ley Organica de Drogas.[142]
 Vietnam Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [143]
 Zimbabwe Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [144][145]
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

See also


  2. ^ Supreme Court. GONZALES V. RAICH (2008). Cornell Law School.
  3. ^ Cannabis laws: Learn about the legal status of cannabis in countries around the world, Everyone does it, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  4. ^ Growing marijuana is an increasing regional problem,, 7 August 2012, retrieved 2013-04-18 
  5. ^ Report Says Albania Cannabis Growth Mounting,, 7 March 2013, retrieved 2013-04-18 
  6. ^ Albanian Police Seize Cannabis Shipment, 
  7. ^ Cannabis Resin Seizures in Algeria
  8. ^ "Argentina court ruling decriminalizes marijuana and makes personal use a constitutional right", Daily News (New York:, 26 August 2009, retrieved 2010-03-04 
  9. ^ "Australia's cannabis laws". The Age (Melbourne). 23 May 2003. 
  10. ^ a b NCPIC Cannabis and the Law Factsheet, 
  11. ^ Suchtmittelgesetz §27, Rechtsinformationssystem des Bundeskanzleramts, retrieved 2009-05-17 
  12. ^
  13. ^ Cannabis legal status vault – Belgium,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  14. ^ Hubbard, Kirsten. "Drug Laws and Penalties in Central America". Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Decriminalization of Marijuana". Government of Belize. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c Cannabis South American laws,, March 1995 
  17. ^ Drugs and related substances act no. 18 of 1992, Government of Botswana, retrieved 2013-10-03 
  18. ^ Is dagga the healing of a nation?, Sunday Standard, retrieved 2013-10-03 
  19. ^ Law 11.343, 
  20. ^ Ясен Люцканов, Еднократна доза закони,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  21. ^ Cannabis Cambodia: smoker's paradise,, 1 November 1998, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  22. ^ Happy Restuarants (sic) in Sihanoukville,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  23. ^ Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, retrieved 2011-10-01 
  24. ^ Taxonomic studies of Cannabis in China,, archived from the original on 9 August 2012, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  25. ^ La dosis mínima no podrá ser penalizada, dice Corte Constitucional,, 28 June 2012 
  26. ^ LEY 30 DE 1986,, 31 January 1986 
  27. ^ Dossiers sur les 30 Chefs d'Etat ou de Gouvernements tués(French)
  28. ^ Transition, 73 – The Mercenary Position, 
  29. ^ a b Chinchilla ve complicado legalizar la marihuana – EL PAÍS – La Nación,, 24 August 2010, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  30. ^ a b Violation Law "Zakon o suzbijanju zlouporabe droga" (in Croatian). Retrieved July 2013. 
  31. ^ Cuban Penal Code, Florida State University, retrieved 2012-11-05 
  32. ^ "Legal topic overviews: possession of cannabis for personal use", EMCCDA, retrieved 3 December 2012 
  33. ^ The Next Amsterdam – Culture Magazine,, retrieved 2011-12-14 
  34. ^ Carney, Sean (8 December 2009), Wall Street Journal. Czech Govt Allows 5 Cannabis Plants For Personal Use From 2010. 8th December 2009,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  35. ^ "Czech Republic Pharmacies Began Selling Medical Cannabis". Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  36. ^ "Czech Republic Legalizes Medical Marijuana Use". 15 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  37. ^ Denmark marijuana laws – cannabis growing and marijuana seeds,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  38. ^ Drugs (Prevention of Misuse) Act, Chapter 40:07 (PDF), retrieved 2011-02-17 
  39. ^ Ecuador, Drug Law Reform in Latin America, retrieved 2011-01-31 
  40. ^ Law 108 – Ecuador, retrieved 2011-01-31 
  41. ^ US Embassy, Ecuador – Information for American Citizens, retrieved 2011-01-31 
  42. ^ [1]
  43. ^ Lama Hasan (5 May 2010), Egypt's Pot Problem? A Marijuana Shortage,  
  44. ^ Seshata, Cannabis in Egypt, The Sensi Seed Bank, retrieved 2014-01-20 
  45. ^ Europe Guide : Maps of Europe by language, religion, population density, hair & eye color, etc,, 19 April 1994, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  46. ^ US warns American Rastas about Ethiopian laws,, 29 January 2005, retrieved 2011-10-08 
  47. ^ Lääkekannabiksen käyttö puhuttaa | Turku,, 30 March 2010, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  48. ^ Code de la santé publique (in French),, 29 July 2004, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  49. ^ Marie Jamet (6 November 2013). "Legalising or decriminalizing cannabis in France: not that easy". Euronews. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  50. ^ Ann Törnkvist (10 June 2013). "French law on pot-based medicine takes effect". The Local. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  51. ^ "Bundesland-Vergleich der Richtlinien zur Anwendung des § 31a BtMG". 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  52. ^ Ελληνική νομοθεσία για κάνναβη (Greek Law on cannabis) (in Greek),, 27 May 2007, retrieved 2011-08-10 
  53. ^ Bill to decriminalize use of drugs,, 3 August 2011, retrieved 2011-08-10 
  55. ^ Information on the official web site of the Hong Kong Police Force,, retrieved 2011-12-14 
  56. ^ Minstrel, Társaság a Szabadságjogokért: Drogjog 1999VOTED VOTE D2ID : 62,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  57. ^ Lög um ávana- og fíkniefni 1974 nr. 65 21. maí,, retrieved 2009-02-09 
  58. ^ "Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No. 35 Tahun 2009 tentang Narkotika". BNN RI. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  59. ^ Sharma, Anil (4 November 2007). "Starting the day with the cup that kicks". Udaipur: Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2008-03-24. At six in the morning, people begin slowly trooping into government-run bhang shops in the district for the drink, made from the leaves of cannabis that grows wild in many parts of northern India. 
  60. ^ "Ireland ‘ready for legalisation of cannabis’". Irish Times. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013. 
  61. ^ Drug Offences, Dublin: Citizens Information Board, 2 June 2011, retrieved 2011-06-02 
  62. ^ "Legalisation of cannabis motion defeated in Dáil". RTE. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  63. ^ Cannabis legal status vault – Israel,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  64. ^ Results of popular referendum (in Italian)
  65. ^ "Legalising v decriminalising drugs A half-smoked joint". The Economist. 28 June 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  66. ^ Lawmakers Give Nod To Decriminalisation Of Ganja –, The Gleaner, retrieved 2013-10-25 
  67. ^ 大麻取締法,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  68. ^ When marijuana is legal, Jordan Times, 15 October 2010, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  69. ^ Human Rights Watch (22 June 2009). "End the Death Penalty for Drug-Related Offenses". Cannabis Culture. Cannabis Culture Magazine. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  70. ^ James Meikle (20 January 2010). "Briton returned to UK after Laos drug sentence loses battle to be freed". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  71. ^ "Par Krimināllikuma spēkā stāšanās un piemērošanas kārtību" (in Latvian).  
  72. ^ In Lebanon, a comeback for cannabis / The Christian Science Monitor,, 16 October 2007, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  73. ^ Lithuania's marijuana cannabis law,, 23 April 2003, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  74. ^ "Art. 7 and Art. 8 refer to the usage of narcotics", Excerpt of the "Mémorial A" of the Luxembourgish legislation 
  75. ^ European Coalition for Just and Effective Drug Policies,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  76. ^ Malaysia,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  77. ^ Laws of Malta, Dangerous Drugs Ordinance, Malta Ministry of Justice 
  78. ^ "Mexico Legalizes Drug Possession". The New York Times. 21 August 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  79. ^ Projekti – Zakonodavstvo, Stop drogama, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  80. ^ Use drop-down menu on site to view Netherlands entry.),, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  81. ^ Drugs Policy in the Netherlands,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  82. ^ "Amsterdam Will Ban Tourists from Pot Coffee Shops". Atlantic Wire. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-23. 
  83. ^ Cannabis legal status vault – New Zealand,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  84. ^ "Schedule 3: Class C controlled drugs", Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 No 116 (as at 08 September 2011), Public Act ( 
  85. ^ "Schedule 2: Class B controlled drugs", Misuse of Drugs Act 1975 No 116 (as at 08 September 2011), Public Act ( 
  86. ^ "Medicinal use of cannabis bill defeated". New Zealand:  
  87. ^ "Misuse of Drugs (Medicinal Cannabis) Amendment Bill – First Reading". Hansard ( 
  88. ^
  89. ^ "Marianas Islands Marijuana Legalization Bill Passes House". United States: stopthedrugwar. 2010-11-12. 
  90. ^ "Mildere straff for hasjbesittelse" (in Norwegian). Norway: VG Nett. 2006-07-20. 
  91. ^ Cannabis legal status vault – Pakistan/Peshawar, 
  92. ^ "Panama". Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  93. ^ "Modificando el Código Penal en materia de Tráfico Ilícito de Drogas". Instituto de Defensa Legal – Seguridad Ciudadana. Archived from the original on 2012-10-15. 
  94. ^ "Ley Nº 28002". 
  95. ^ "Código Penal. Decreto Legislativo Nº 635". 
  96. ^ R.a. 9165,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  97. ^ Drugs in small quantity and for personal use with no punishment – Poland,, 26 May 2011, retrieved 2011-05-29 
  98. ^ EMCDDA:Drug policy profiles, Portugal,, 17 August 2011, retrieved 2011-12-14 
  99. ^ Cannabis legal status vault – Romania,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  100. ^ Raport pentru EBA: Comisia prezidenţială susţine dezincriminarea consumului de droguri şi sexul comercial,, 22 September 2009, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  101. ^ "ANM: Nu avem nicio cerere de punere pe piaţă a canabisului medicinal; dacă ar fi, am aproba-o". Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  102. ^ Criminal code of Russia, article 228
  103. ^ Chronicles From Moscow: The Drug Situation in Russia,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  104. ^ Постановление Правительства РФ от 1 October 2012 N 1002 "Об утверждении значительного, крупного и особо крупного размеров наркотических средств и психотропных веществ, а также значительного, крупного и особо крупного размеров для растений, содержащих наркотические средства или психотропные вещества, либо их частей, содержащих наркотические средства или психотропные вещества, для целей статей 228, 228.1, 229 и 229.1 Уголовного кодекса Российской Федерации"
  105. ^ Федеральный закон от 19 мая 2010 г. N 87-ФЗ "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации по вопросу культивирования растений, содержащих наркотические средства или психотропные вещества либо их прекурсоры"
  106. ^ Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации от 3 сентября 2004 г. N 454 "О запрещении культивирования на территории Российской Федерации растений, содержащих наркотические вещества"
  107. ^ Ст. 231 УК РФ
  108. ^ Статья 10.5.1 КОАП РФ
  109. ^ US Department of State – International Travel – Saudi Arabia,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  110. ^ )The Criminal CodeKrivični zakonik (,, 2013, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  111. ^ Cannabis legal status vault – Singapore,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  112. ^ "High contrast".  
  113. ^ a b Rousek, Leos (3 April 2012). "Slovakia's Incoming Leftist Premier Wants to Relax Tough Cannabis Laws".  
  114. ^
  115. ^
  116. ^
  117. ^
  118. ^
  119. ^ "Drugs and Drug Trafficking Act, 1992" (PDF). Government Gazette ( 
  120. ^ South Korean Pro Gamer Arrested in a Drug Bust
  121. ^ Korean Rapper Gets Prison Sentence for Smoking Marijuana in the US
  122. ^ "Is Cannabis Legal in Spain?". Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  123. ^ "El 'boom' de clubs de cannabis atrae el turismo del porro a Barcelona," "La Vanguardia," January 19, 2014,
  124. ^ Marijuana Should be Allowed; Sri Lanka Indigenous Medicine Minister Says :: NIDAHASA News,, 2 July 2009, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  125. ^ Swedish drug control FINAL_14feb_merged (PDF), retrieved 2011-02-17 
  126. ^ RättsPM 2009:1 (in Swedish), Åklagarmyndighetens Utvecklngscentrum, 2009 
  127. ^ Bundesgesetz vom 3. Oktober 1951 über die Betäubungsmittel und die psychotropen Stoffe (Betäubungsmittelgesetz, BetmG),, 12 June 1981, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  128. ^ Eidgenössische Volksinitiative «für eine vernünftige Hanf-Politik mit wirksamem Jugendschutz»
  129. ^ Ian Sparks (17 November 2011), Swiss cannabis smokers to be allowed to grow four marijuana plants each (to stop them buying drugs illegally), London:, retrieved 2012-02-26 
  130. ^ Ahmad, Rozh (24 August 2012). "". Rudaw. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  131. ^ Cannabis legal status vault – Taiwan,, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  132. ^ The Rough Guide to Tunisia – Daniel Jacobs, Peter Morris – Google grâmatas. Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  133. ^ "Tunisia accuses 'missing' Maltese of smuggling cannabis". Retrieved 2013-06-23. 
  134. ^ a b  
  135. ^ "UAE Drug Laws". BBC News. 8 February 2008. Retrieved 2011-02-17. 
  136. ^ Ответственность за выращивание конопли и хранение марихуаны,, 12 September 2012, retrieved 2014-07-22 
  137. ^ LEONARDO HABERKORN: Uruguayan Pot Marketplace May Go up in Smoke, Associated Press, Aug 1, 2014
  138. ^ "The experiment: Another blow against prohibition". The Economist. 1 August 2013. 
  139. ^ "Uruguay becomes first country to legalize marijuana trade". Reuters. 10 December 2013. 
  140. ^ Uruguay marijuana sales delayed until 2015, Daly News,July/10/2014
  141. ^ "Criminal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek). The national database of legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  142. ^ Ley Orgánica de Drogas – Sept.10 (PDF), retrieved 2011-02-17 
  143. ^ Vietnam police seize eight tons of marijuana, The China Post, 16 May 2008, retrieved 2011-02-17 
  144. ^ Zimbabwe: Police Intercept Four Tonnes of Marijuana, All Africa, 16 January 2013, retrieved 2013-09-11 
  145. ^ Where marijuana is grown and smoked freely, News Day, 9 March 2013, retrieved 2013-09-11 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.