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Louis, Prince of Condé (1668–1710)

Louis de Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
Born (1668-11-10)10 November 1668
Hôtel de Condé, Paris, France
Died 4 March 1710(1710-03-04) (aged 41)
Palace of Versailles, France
Spouse Louise Françoise de Bourbon
Issue Marie Anne, Mademoiselle de Condé
Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon
Louise Élisabeth, Princess of Conti
Louise Anne, Mademoiselle de Charolais
Marie Anne, Mademoiselle de Clermont
Charles, Count of Charolais
Henriette Louise, Mademioselle de Vermandois
Élisabeth Alexandrine, Mademoiselle de Sens
Louis, Count of Clermont
Full name
Louis de Bourbon
Father Henri Jules, Prince of Condé
Mother Anne of Bavaria

Louis de Bourbon, (10 November 1668 - 4 March 1710) was a prince du sang as a member of the reigning House of Bourbon at the French court of Louis XIV. Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé (French pronunciation: ​) in 1709. However, he was known by the lesser ducal title. He was prince for less than a year.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Marriage 2
  • Prince of Condé 3
  • Issue 4

Biography

Louis de Bourbon, duc de Bourbon, duc de Montmorency (1668–1689), duc d'Enghien (1689–1709), 6th Prince of Condé, comte de Sancerre (1709–1710), comte de Charolais (1709), was born at the Hôtel de Condé in Paris on 10 November 1668 and died at the Palace of Versailles on 4 March 1710.

The eldest son of Henri Jules de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien, and Anne Henriette of Bavaria, Louis was the grandson of le Grand Condé.

One of nine children, he was his parents' eldest surviving son. His sister, Marie Thérèse de Bourbon, married François Louis, Prince of Conti in 1688. Another sister, Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon, would marry Louis Auguste, Duke of Maine, a legitimised son of Louis XIV, in 1692. His youngest sister, Marie Anne de Bourbon, much later married the famous general Louis Joseph de Bourbon.

He was made a Chevalier du Saint-Esprit in 1686, a colonel of the Bourbon-Infanterie Regiment later that same year, a maréchal de camp in 1690, and a lieutenant general in 1692. Upon the death of his father, he inherited all the Condé titles and estates.

Marriage

In 1685, Louis married Louise Françoise de Bourbon, known at court as Mademoiselle de Nantes, who was the eldest legitimised daughter of King Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. In an age where dynastic considerations played a major role, eyebrows at court were raised at a marriage between a full-blooded prince du sang and a royal bastard. The head of the House of Condé, le Grand Condé, however, acquiesced to the socially inferior match in the hope of gaining favour with the bride's father, Louis XIV.

The seventeen-year-old duc de Bourbon was known at court as Monsieur le Duc. After the marriage, his wife assumed the style of Madame la Duchesse. Like his father, who became Prince of Condé in 1687, Louis de Bourbon led a typical, unremarkable life. At a time when five-and-a-half feet was considered a normal height for a woman, Louis, while not quite a dwarf, was considered a short man. His sisters, in fact, were so tiny that they were referred to as "dolls of the Blood", or, less flatteringly, as "little black beetles" since many of them were dark in complexion and hunchbacked. While not suffering from this condition himself, Louis was macrocephalic. In addition, his skin tone was said to have a definite yellowish-orange tint to it. On the plus side, while no scholar, Louis was respectably well educated. Similarly, while certainly no fool, he was not burdened with too much intelligence for his time and station in life.

Prince of Condé

Arms of Louis as the Prince of Condé

Louis was prince de Condé for a little less than a year, as he died only eleven months after his father. Like his father, Louis was hopelessly insane, having slipped into madness several years before his actual death, "making horrible faces", as one historian noted. Louis died in 1710 at the age of forty-two.

Issue

  1. Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Condé (22 December 1690 - 30 August 1760) died unmarried.
  2. Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon (18 August 1692 - 27 January 1740) married Marie Anne de Bourbon and had no issue. He later married Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg and had issue.
  3. Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Bourbon (22 November 1693 – 27 May 1775) married [[Louis Armand II, Prince of Conti|Louis Armand,
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