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Montacute Priory

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Montacute Priory

Montacute Priory
Monastery information
Order Cluniac
Established c. 1078
Disestablished 1539
Site
Location Montacute, Somerset, England
Coordinates
Grid reference grid reference ST497167

Montacute Priory was a Cluniac priory of the Benedictine order in Montacute, Somerset, England, founded between 1078[1] and 1102[2] by William, Count of Mortain, in face of a threat that if he did not do so, the King would take the land from him.[3] It was the only Somerset dependency of Cluny Abbey until 1407, when it gained independence from France. It was dissolved in 1539,[1] though there was a short restoration under the Catholic Queen Mary.[4]

At its height in 1262 there were 25 monks.[5] In 1539 there were a Prior and 16 monks.

At the time of the Domesday Book in 1086 there were five manors in Mudford. The largest of them, which was given with the church to Montacute Priory in 1192, became Mudford Monachorum (Mudford of the monks) and was centred on the present hamlet of Up Mudford. The Church of St Mary in the village was granted by Montacute Priory to the Bishop of Bath and Wells in 1339.[6]

The Church of St Michael in Creech St Michael came into the ownership of Montacute Priory in 1362.[7]

At one time Tintinhull Court was amongst the possessions of the Priory,[8] along with land in the village.[9]

All that remains is the Abbey Farmhouse which incorporates the gateway of Montacute Priory. It was built in the 16th century and has been designated as a Grade I listed building. After the dissolution of the monasteries the property became a farmhouse, but by 1633 it was 'almost desolate'. By 1782 it was a revitalised farm, remaining part of the Phelips estate until 1918.[10] the only other surviving building is the monk's pigeon cote,[11] however there are extensive earthworks to the south of St Catherine's Church which may be the claustral range, and a fishpond.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Montacute Priory". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  2. ^ "Montacute Priory". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  3. ^ Dunning, Robert (1976). Christianity in Somerset. Taunton: Somerset County Council. p. 20. 
  4. ^ Dunning, Robert (1976). Christianity in Somerset. Taunton: Somerset County Council. p. 26. 
  5. ^ "House of Cluniac monks: The priory of Montacute". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 2. British History Online. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  6. ^  
  7. ^ "Creech St Michael Parish Church". Creech St Michael. Retrieved 2009-04-16. 
  8. ^ "Tintinhull Court,". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  9. ^ "Extant of Montacute Priory in 1301". Tintinhull local history. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  10. ^ "Abbey Farmhouse". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  11. ^ "Priory Dovecote, about 90 metres east south east of Abbey Farmhouse". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 

External References

  • Maxwell Lyte, C.H. (ed.). Two Cartularies of the Augustine Priory of Bruton and the Cluniac Priory of Montacute in the County of Somerset, 1894. http://www.archive.org/details/twocartulariesa00priogoog

External links

  • Somerset County Council Survey results
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