Mushroom coral

"Mushroom coral" redirects here. For soft mushroom corals, see Corallimorpharia.
Fungiidae
Close-up of Fungia scutaria

See text.

Fungiidae /fəŋˈɡ.ɨd/ is a family of Cnidaria. It contains thirteen extant genera.

Characteristics

Species are generally solitary marine animals that are capable of benthic locomotion.[1][2] These corals often appear to be bleached or dead.[3] In most genera, a single polyp emerges from the center of the skeleton to feed at night. Most species remain fully detached from the substrate in adulthood. Some are immobile as well as colonial.[4][5]

Mushroom corals are able to change sex. This is posited to take place in response to environmental or energetic constraints, and to improve the organism's evolutionary fitness; similar phenomena are observed in some dioecious plants.[6]

Genera

  • Ctenactis
  • Cantharellus
  • Cycloseris
  • Diaseris
  • Fungia
  • Halomitra
  • Heliofungia
  • Herpolita
  • Lithophyllon
  • Podabacia
  • Polyphyllia
  • Sandalolitha
  • Zoopilus

Notable species

Importance to Humans

Members of the family Fungiidae are not of any commercial importance, but are collected for the aquarium trade and are sold as "plate corals".

Notes

Gallery

See also

External links

  • Stony Corals Image Gallery
  • Fungia scruposa eating a jelly fish (news.bbc.co.uk)
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