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No. 253 Squadron RAF

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Subject: RAF Kenley, Fairey Battle, Miles Master, RAF Northolt, De Havilland Venom, Operation Jubilee order of battle, Operation Husky order of battle, Battle of Britain RAF squadrons, Fairey Hamble Baby, Short Type 184
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No. 253 Squadron RAF

253 Squadron

A Hawker Hurricane I similar to one flown by 253 Sqn during the Battle of Britain
Active 1918 to 1957
Country Britain
Branch Royal Air Force
Stationed Bembridge
RAF Manston
RAF Northolt
RAF Kenley
RAF Kirton-in-Lindsey
RAF Turnhouse
RAF Prestwick
RAF Kenley
RAF Leconfield
RAF Skeabrae
RAF Hibaldstow
RAF Shoreham
RAF Friston
RAF Waterbeach[1]
Patron The Nizam of Hyderabad[2]
Colors The back of a dexter arm embowed, fessewise, in Mogul armour, the hand holding an Indian battle-axe.[2]
Insignia
Squadron code TL (April to September 1939)[1]
Aircraft flown
Bomber Short Type 184
Airco DH.6
Fairey Battle[1]
Fighter Sopwith Baby
Hawker Hurricane
Supermarine Spitfire
de Havilland Venom[1]
Trainer Miles Magister
Miles Master
de Havilland Vampire[1]

No. 253 (Hyderabad) Squadron was a flying squadron of the Royal Air Force between 1918 and the late 1950s.

History

253 Squadron was formed at Bembridge, on the Isle of Wight, on 7 June 1918, remaining there until disbanded on the 31 May 1919.


During the squadrons stay at Bembridge it parented No. 412 (Seaplane) Flight RAF and No. 413 (Seaplane) Flight RAF, as well as No. 511 (Special Duty) Flight RAF, No. 512 (Special Duty) Flight RAF and No. 513 (Special Duty) Flight RAF for coastal reconnaissance and anti-submarine patrols, flying Short Type 184 and Airco DH.6 aircraft. DH.6s of 511 and 512 Flights flew their aircraft from the aerodrome at Foreland.[1]


Reformed at RAF Manston on 30 October 1939,[2] to become a convoy protection unit equipped with Blenheims, 253 changed role to day-fighter before any Blenheims had been received and was issued with Hawker Hurricanes instead. One flight was despatched to France, whilst the second flight flew across the English Channel daily, operating from French airfields and returning to Manston.

After the collapse of France, 253 Sqn disbanded and re-formed at RAF Kirton-in-Lindsey, taking part in the Battle of Britain from a variety of airfields across the country. Remaining in England until 1942, 253 Sqn. was re-located to the Mediterranean Theatre of Operations (MTO) from 13 November 1942 at RAF Maison Blanche in Algeria,[3] continuing operations in the Med until disbanded at RAF Treviso, Italy on 16 May 1947.[1]

Post-war 253 Sqn. enjoyed a brief existence as a night-fighter unit flying the de Havilland Venom NF.2 from RAF Waterbeach from 18 April 1955 to 2 September 1957.[1]

Heraldry

A squadron badge was created after the squadron became the Hyderabad gift squadron in the heraldic form of:The back of a dexter arm embowed, fessewise, in Mogul armour, the hand holding an Indian battle-axe.[2][4]

See also

References

Notes
Bibliography
  • Alan Lake, Flying Units of the RAF, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1999. ISBN 1-84037-086-6.

External links

  • 253 Sqn in the Battle of Britain
  • 253 Sqn command structure 1940 - 1942
  • RAF Squadron badges
  • Sqn Histories 251-255 at Air of Authority
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