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Onesilus or Onesilos (Greek city-state of Salamis on the island of Cyprus. He is known through the work of Herodotus (Histories, V.104–115).

Cyprus was a part of the Persian Empire, but, when the Ionians rebelled from Persian rule, Onesilos captured the city of Salamis and usurped his brother’s throne; he was able to win every city on the island except for the Graeco-Phoenician city-state of Amathus, which stayed loyal to the Persians.

In 497 BC, the Persians, with the help of the Phoenician navy, mounted an attack on Cyprus. Some of the Ionian colonies sent ships to assist Onesilos. In the ensuing battle, the Ionian fleet was able to defeat the Phoenician navy. Onesilos then led an army against the Persian general, Artybius. While Artybius was killed, the Persians won the battle during which Onesilos was killed. It is worth to mention that while the battle was balanced - by Cypriot sources (as in the ministry of Cypriot Elementary & Secondary Education-approved history book), Gorgus and the forces loyal to him retreated from the battlefield, leaving his brother and the rest of the Cypriot rebel army vulnerable to encirclement; thing which happened eventually as the Cypriots were outnumbered by the Persian army. Treason of the higher order was always part of the Greek drama and unfortunately history, even in recent times. As a result, the Ionian fleet retreated from Cyprus and five months later, the Persians regained control of Cyprus. Onesilos’

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