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Palayan City

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Title: Palayan City  
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Subject: List of Philippines-related topics, Nueva Ecija, Central Luzon, Legislative districts of Nueva Ecija, Eduardo Joson, DWNE, Baliwag Transit, Ilocandia
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Palayan City

Palayan City
Lakanbalen ning Palayan
Ciudad ti Palayan
Lunsod na Palayan
Lungsod ng Palayan

Provincial capitol of Nueva Ecija in Palayan City
Official seal of Palayan City
Motto: Kilos Palayano, Aasenso Tayo
(Move for Progress, Palayano)

Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Palayan City
Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: 15°32′N 121°05′E / 15.533°N 121.083°E / 15.533; 121.083Coordinates: 15°32′N 121°05′E / 15.533°N 121.083°E / 15.533; 121.083

Country ]]
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province ]]
District 3rd district of Nueva Ecija
Founded June 19, 1965
Cityhood June 19, 1965
Barangays 20
 • Mayor Adrianne Mae Joson Cuevas
 • Vice Mayor Florante Gonzales Mercado
 • Total 101.40 km2 (39.15 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 37,219
 • Density 370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip code
Dialing code
Income Class 5th Class
Classification Component City; Partially Urban

The City of Palayan (Ilokano: Ciudad ti Palayan; Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Palayan/Siudad ning Palayan; Pangasinan: Siyudad na Palayan/Lunsod na Palayan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Palayan) is a fifth class city in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 37,219 people.[3]

The City of Palayan was created in 1965 by the Congress of the Philippines and one of the 6 cities of the Philippines whose creation was specifically planned (the other five cities are Manila, Baguio, Quezon City, Trece Martires, and the Island Garden City of Samal). Palayan City is located in the heart of Nueva Ecija.

The new provincial capitol of Nueva Ecija is located here.


Palayan is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.[2]

  • Atate
  • Aulo
  • Bagong Buhay
  • Bo. Militar (Fort Magsaysay)
  • Caballero
  • Caimito
  • Doña Josefa
  • Ganaderia
  • Imelda Valley
  • Langka
  • Malate (Poblacion)
  • Maligaya
  • Manacnac
  • Mapaet
  • Marcos Village
  • Popolon (Pagas)
  • Santolan
  • Sapang Buho
  • Singalat


On March 25, 1952, leader of Nueva Ecija composed of then Governor Leopoldo Diaz, Congressman Jesus Ilagan, and Board Members Dioscoro de Leon and Antonio Corpuz, Don Felipe Buencamino and all Mayors of Nueva Ecija called a special consultation meeting in Manila to discuss and consider the transfer of the capital of Nueva Ecija from Cabanatuan to other municipality. Several locations and proposals were suggested, specifically Gapan, San Jose, Santa Rosa, Guimba, Talavera, General Tinio, Baloc (present-day Santo Domingo), Muñoz and Government Stock Farm within Laur and Bongabon. After hours of lengthy and conscientious deliberation, it was unanimously agreed that the Government Stock Farm be made as the capitol site.

In 1955, President Ramon Magsaysay declared the portion of the territorial area of the Government Stock Farm as open for settlement as NG-130 pursuant to presidential Proclamation No. 237.

On June 19, 1965, congress of the Philippines enacted RA 4475 creating Palayan City as the new capital of Nueva Ecija. While the stock farm is not virtually rice land, ”Palayan” was chosen as its name, the province being dubbed as the Rice Granary of the region and the country. Finally, the city government of Palayan was constituted December 5, 1965 with then Governor Eduardo L. Joson as its Ex-Officio Mayor while the Board Members Constituted its first City Council.

On August 1969, the city was enlarged by virtue of RA 6052 authored by then Congressman Angel Concepcion which provided for the inclusion of the Military Reservation in Laur and Fort Magsaysay Cantonment area within the municipality of Sta. Rosa.

Elpidio O. Cucio was then appointed City Mayor with Felipe Bautista as the Vice Mayor. In the subsequent local election, they were elected as first elective local officials including Councilors Flor Agustin, Tranquilino dela Cruz, Antonio Pascual, Federico Dacanay, Luis Lacalle and Thomas Lumawig. The year 1969 also placed Palayan City in the map of national and international scene when it hosted the National Jamboree attended by thousand scouts and even foreign scouts from other countries.

In 1972, by virtue of proclamation No. 893, portion of the Government Stock Farm was allocated for the displaced population of Pantabangan because of the construction of the dam. The resettlement site was eventually converted into regular barangay known as Marcos Village.

In 1983, the training ground of the Philippine Army was transferred from Fort Magsaysay. This paved the way for the development of the reservation area into a training complex to serve the army’s training requirements.

During the historical EDSA Revolution on February 1986, nationwide overhaul of government leaderships from national to local took place. Don Pacifico M. Fajardo was appointed Officer-In-Charge together with Flor Agustin as OIC Vice Mayor by then President Corazon C. Aquino. Then his brother Engr. Virgilio Fajardo also assumed as OIC.

Then prior to 1987 election, Vice Mayor Felipe Bautista took office as OIC with councilor Aquiles Salcedo, Sr. as OIC Vice Mayor and on that election, Pacifico M.Fajardo and mabini Ancheta won the mayoralty and vice mayoralty race respectively.

Palayan is also the birthplace of the Asianwide Green Scouts Movement in 1993 when the first RP-Japan Bilatateral Ecology Work Camp was held in the city that eventually led to the establishment of project: Kawayang Buhay and Asian Ecology Forest being supported by the Asian Friendship Society.

On 1995, two more barangays were added to Palayan City from 18 to 20. Barangays Popolon formerly of Bongabon was annexed by virtue of RA No. 8030 and approval of the people in a plebiscite on October 1, 1995. Then Bagong Buhay, one of the three resettlement areas was converted to a regular barangay during a plebiscite on November 26, 1995.

In 2002, the construction of the new capitol in Palayan City was completed.



Roman Catholicism comprise the majority of religious affiliation in Palayan City. Iglesia ni Cristo, on the other hand, have 9 Local Congregations or Places of Worship in Palayan City alone including the INC Resettlement Areas in 2 Barangays namely Barrio Maligaya and Bagong Buhay where all of the residents are members of this religious organization.

Sister city


External links

  • Palayan City Official Website
  • Pasyalan Nueva Ecija
  • Philippine Standard Geographic Code
  • Philippine Census Information
  • Local Governance Performance Management System
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