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Title: Peribolos  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lion Gate, Ancient Olympia, Ancient Greek architecture, Ancient Roman architecture, Hierapolis
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


In ancient Greek and Roman architecture, a peribolos was a court enclosed by a wall, especially one surrounding a sacred area such as a temple, shrine, or altar. Peribolos walls (which may also be referred to as temenos walls) were sometimes composed of stone posts and slabs supported by porous sills.

Famous examples included:

  • The peribolos wall and gate in the Sanctuary of Zeus (Altis), north of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Greece;
  • The peribolos enclosing the Altar of the Twelve Gods near the north end of the Athens Agora; and
  • The Terrace created by retaining and peribolos walls around the Sanctuary of Athena Pronaia (Marmaria), southeast of the Sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi, Greece.

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