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Phoenix International Speedway

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Phoenix International Speedway

Phoenix International Raceway
Phoenix International Raceway in November 2011
Location 7602 S Avondale Boulevard
Avondale, Arizona 85323
United States
Capacity 67,000
Owner International Speedway Corporation
Opened 1964
Major events NASCAR Sprint Cup Series
NASCAR Nationwide Series
NASCAR Camping World Truck Series
"D"-shaped tri-oval
Surface Asphalt
Length 1 mi (1.6 km)
Turns 4
Banking Turns 1 and 2 – 10–12°
Turns 3 and 4 – 8–9°
Backstretch – 10–12°
Frontstretch – 3°
Lap record 183.559 mph (Arie Luyendyk, , 1996, IndyCar Series)
Road course
Surface Asphalt
Length 1.51 mi (2.43 km)
Turns 13

Phoenix International Raceway, also known as PIR, is a one-mile, low-banked tri-oval race track located in Avondale, Arizona. The track opened in 1964 and currently hosts two NASCAR race weekends annually. PIR has also hosted the Indycar Series, CART, USAC and the Rolex Sports Car Series. The raceway is currently owned and operated by International Speedway Corporation.

The raceway was originally constructed with a 2.5 miles (4.0 km) road course that ran both inside and outside of the main tri-oval. In 1991 the track was reconfigured with the current 1.51 miles (2.43 km) interior layout. PIR has an estimated grandstand seating capacity of around 67,000. Lights were installed around the track in 2004 following the addition of a second annual NASCAR race weekend.

Phoenix International Raceway is home to two annual NASCAR race weekends, one of 13 facilities on the NASCAR schedule to host more than one race weekend a year. The track is both the first and last stop in the western United States, as well as the second and second-to-last track on the schedule.[1]

History

Construction of Phoenix International Raceway was completed in 1964. The track is built around the Estrella Mountains outside of Avondale, AZ. Because of the terrain and the incorporation of a road course and drag strip, designers had to build a "dogleg" into the backstretch. The original roadcourse was 2 miles (3.2 km) in length and ran both inside and outside of the main oval track.[2] The hillsides adjacent to the track also offer a unique vantage point to watch races from. "Monument Hill", located alongside turns 3 and 4, is a favorite among race fans because of the unique view and lower ticket prices. At the top of this hill lies a USGS bench marker known as Gila and Salt River Meridian, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Long before PIR existed, this spot was the original land survey point for all of what later became the state of Arizona.[3]


PIR was built with the goal of being the western home of open wheel racing. Sports cars and USAC began racing at the track in 1964, and the track quickly became a favorite of drivers and soon replaced the old track at the Arizona State Fairgrounds.[2] In 1977, the first Copper World Classic was held, a marque event for USAC midget and Silver Crown cars.[4]

NASCAR began racing at PIR in 1978, however, it wasn't until 1988 when NASCAR's premier series, now the Sprint Cup Series, began racing at the track. Following the announcement of NASCAR being added to the track schedule, PIR built a 3-story suite building outside of turn 1 and increased grandstand capacity to 30,000. A year prior, the track's main grandstand was struck by lightning and burned to the ground, reconstruction was finished in time for the first NASCAR cup race. That first race was won by Alan Kulwicki where in his celebration he performed the first "Polish Victory Lap".[4]


In 1991, the old 2.5 miles (4.0 km) road course was removed and replaced by the current 1.51 miles (2.43 km) infield road course. On August 25, 1992 brought the Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour to the raceway. In 1996 the grandstand capacity was increased to 65,000. ISC officially took ownership of PIR from Emmett "Buddy" Jobe in April 1997. Racing at PIR began to dramatically change in 2003. The track reconstructed turn 2 by pushing back the outside wall to make racing safer. The wall originally came to an end where the old road course crossed the oval track. At the same time, an access tunnel was built under turn 4. Previously, vehicles had to use crossover gates and pedestrians used a crossover bridge. In 2004, NASCAR announced it would give a second annual race weekend to PIR starting with the 2005 season. Following the announcement, the track installed lights to allow the newly scheduled NASCAR race to be run in the evening. The addition of a second NASCAR racing weekend had dramatic effects on the economy of the state of Arizona. A study at the Arizona State University estimated that PIR brings in nearly $473 million annually to the state of Arizona. 2005 would also become the last year that a major open-wheel racing series would race at PIR. The track is still used by the Indycar Series for testing purposes.[4]

In 2006, the Allison Grandstand was expanded from turn 1 to turn 2, increasing the reserved seating to 76,800. Included with the expansion is "Octane", an exclusive lounge on top of the grandstands overlooking turn 1. In 2008 PIR added the SPEED Cantina, a one-of-a-kind at-track sports bar and grill, outside turn 2. In early 2010, some of the grandstands along the backstretch were removed to allow additional room for recreational vehicles, thus the seating capacity dropped to around 67,000.[4]

In November 2010, ISC and the Avondale City Council announced plans for a $100 million long-term development for PIR. $15 million would go towards repaving the track (first time since 1990) and building a new media center. The plans also include a reconfiguration of the track.[5] The reconfiguration of the track made the width of the front stretch 62 feet (19 m), changed the pit stalls from asphalt to concrete, moved the dogleg (back stretch) outward by 95 feet (29 m), as well as making the radius of the dogleg 500 feet (150 m). Along with the other changes, the track changed to progressive banking with the banking of the first and second turn as well as the dogleg changing to 10–11 degrees, while the third and fourth turns will change to 8–9 degrees.[6] $7–$8 million will go towards connecting the track property to the Avondale water and sewer systems. Work began following the 2011 Subway Fresh Fit 500.[5] The reconfiguration project was completed by mid-August 2011, and on August 29–30, five drivers tested the new track, describing the new dogleg and backstretch as a "rollercoaster" as now when they enter it dips, then rises on exit and dips down going into turn 3, due to the elevation changes. On October 4–5, several Sprint Cup teams tested the oval which was open to the public.

Racing events

Current events

Subway Fresh Fit 500 (Spring), AdvoCare 500 (Fall)
Dollar General 200 (Spring), Great Clips 200 (Fall)
Lucas Oil 150

Previous events


Track records

Current Configuration

Record Date Driver Time Speed/Avg. Speed
NASCAR Sprint Cup Series
Qualifying November 9, 2012 Kyle Busch 25.943 138.766 mph (223.322 km/h)
Race November 13, 2011 Kasey Kahne 2:45:47 112.918 mph (181.724 km/h)
NASCAR Nationwide Series
Qualifying March 9, 2012 Denny Hamlin 27.072 132.979 mph (214.009 km/h)
Race November 12, 2011 Sam Hornish, Jr. 2:21:18 85.918 mph (138.272 km/h)
NASCAR K&N Pro Series West
Qualifying November 12, 2011 Greg Pursley 26.894 133.859 mph (215.425 km/h)[7]
Race November 12, 2011 Ryan Blaney 1:37:07 77.227 mph (124.285 km/h)

Prior to 2011 Reconfiguration

Record Date Driver Time Speed/Avg. Speed
NASCAR Sprint Cup Series
Qualifying February 26, 2011 Carl Edwards 26.224 137.279 mph (220.929 km/h)
Race November 7, 1999 Tony Stewart 2:38:28 118.132 mph (190.115 km/h)
NASCAR Nationwide Series
Qualifying February 26, 2011 Joey Logano 26.806 134.048 mph (215.729 km/h)
Race November 4, 2000 Jeff Burton 1:44:13 115.145 mph (185.308 km/h)
NASCAR Camping World Truck Series
Qualifying February 25, 2011 Clint Bowyer 26.876 133.949 mph (215.570 km/h)
Race November 7, 2002 Kevin Harvick 1:24:26 108.104 mph (173.977 km/h)
NASCAR K&N Pro Series West
Qualifying November 13, 2010 Greg Pursley 27.700 129.964 mph (209.157 km/h)
Race October 5, 2003 Scott Lynch 1:18:46 114.262 mph (183.887 km/h)
CART
Qualifying April 1, 1995 Bryan Herta   181.952 mph (292.823 km/h)
Race April 12, 1987 Roberto Guerrero 1:26:56 138.020 mph (222.122 km/h)
IndyCar Series
Qualifying March 23, 1996 Arie Luyendyk   183.599 mph (295.474 km/h)
Race March 19, 2005 Sam Hornish, Jr. 1:30:24 137.753 mph (221.692 km/h)
USAC
Qualifying October 27, 1978 Danny Ongais   145.513 mph (234.180 km/h)
Race November 4, 1972 Bobby Unser 1:27:32 127.618 mph (205.381 km/h)
Source:[8]

See also

  • List of NASCAR race tracks

References

External links

  • Official Site
  • NASCAR.com
  • RacewayReport.com: Phoenix International Raceway Page – Local area information, track specs, mapping, news and more.
  • Trackpedia guide to driving this track
  • High Resolution image from Google Maps

Coordinates: 33°22′29″N 112°18′40″W / 33.37475°N 112.31115°W / 33.37475; -112.31115

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