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Pyloric antrum

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Title: Pyloric antrum  
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Subject: Stomach, Peptic ulcer, Cardia, Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Fundus (stomach), Angular incisure, Lesser curvature of the stomach, Greater curvature of the stomach, Body of stomach
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Pyloric antrum

Pyloric antrum
Outline of stomach, showing its anatomical landmarks. (Pyloric antrum visible at left.)
Interior of the stomach. (Pyloric antrum visible at left.)
Latin antrum pyloricum
Gray's subject #247 1162
MeSH Pyloric+Antrum

Pyloric antrum (antrum, lesser cul-de-sac) is the initial portion of the pyloric part of the stomach. It is near the bottom of the stomach, proximal to the pyloric sphincter, which separates the stomach and the duodenum.

It may temporarily become partially or completely shut off from the remainder of the stomach during digestion by peristaltic contraction of the prepyloric sphincter; it is demarcated, sometimes, from the second part of the pyloric part of the stomach (pyloric canal) by a slight groove.

Function

The pyloric antrum is the location of several important endocrine cells including gastrin-producing G Cells (stimulate acid production) and the luminal-pH-sensitive population of somatostatin-producing D cells (responsible for shutting off acid secretion. There is a second hormone-sensitive population near the fundus.)

Etymology

pylorus — gatekeeper, antrum — cave; cavern; hollow place with overarching foliage; cavity, hollow; tomb

Additional images

stomach ph 2.567

Sources

  • William F Ganong. "Review of Medical Physiology, 22nd Edition."
  • Physiology Lecture Notes.

External links

  • Controversy over definition at plig.org
  • 37:06-0104 - "Abdominal Cavity: The stomach"
  • 7765
  • eMedicine Dictionary
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