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Régua

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Régua

Peso da Régua
Municipality (Concelho)
The centre of the railway station in Peso da Régua
Flag
Coat of arms
Official name: Município de Peso da Régua
Nickname: Cidade Internacional da Vinha e do Vinho
Country  Portugal
Region Norte
Subregion Douro
District Vila Real
Municipality Peso da Régua
Civil Parishes Canelas, Covelinhas, Fontelas, Galafura, Godim, Loureiro, Moura Morta, Peso da Régua, Poiares, Sedielos, Vilarinho dos Freires, Vinhós
Center Peso da Régua
 - elevation 255 m (837 ft)
 - coordinates 9|55.21|N|7|46|35.32|W|type:city(17987)_region:PT name=

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Length 20.50 km (13 mi), Northwest-Southeast
Width 7.45 km (5 mi), Southwest-Northeast
Area 94.86 km2 (37 sq mi)
Population 17,987 (2001)
Density 189.61 / km2 (491 / sq mi)
LAU Concelho/Câmara Municipal
 - location Praça do Município, Peso da Régua, Peso da Régua
President Nuno Manuel Sousa Pinto de Carvalho Gonçalves (PSD-PPD)
Municipal Chair Artur José Montenegro Soveral Freire de Andrade (PSD-PPD)
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal Zone 5054-003 Peso da Régua
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 254 XXX XXX
Municipal Address Praça do Município
5054-003 Peso da Régua
Municipal Holidays 16 August
Location of the municipality of Peso da Régua in continental Portugal
Commons: Peso da Régua
Website: http://www.cm-pesoregua.pt
Statistics from INE (2001); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)

Peso da Régua (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpezu ðɐ ˈʁɛɣwɐ]), commonly known as Régua, is a municipality in northern Portugal, in the district of Vila Real. With a total area of 94.9 km2 (36.64 sq mi), extended over 12 parishes, its population included 17,987 inhabitants (of which approximately 10,000 are in the town of Régua).

History

Peso da Régua was inhabited by Roman and barbarian invasions during the early part of the settled history. Its name, as historians have suggested, developed from a few places: first, the name Vila Reggula a Roman estate that at one time existed near the historic centre; others suggest it originated from the word récua (the ships that plyed the waters along the Douro); or derived the word reguengo (a designation for lands that were attributed to the monarchy).[1] Peso da Régua may also have its origin in the word regra (English: rule), alluding to the hereditary rights of descendents achieved through forals.[1] This theory is based on the donated of lands by Counts Henrique and Hugo in 1093, which were transferred to Egas Moniz.[1] It is likely that this rule gave origin to the word Régoa, and later Régua.[1] In relation to the first word, Peso, there are two opinions on its origin: the first, defends the it was derived from the place where the weighing of goods existed, or where taxes were levied; or, secondly, that the word was probably used to define the placed where animals were fed (Portuguese: pensado), or Penso.[1]

Middle Ages

Peso de Régua received its foral from King Sancho I, who conferred on the locality of Godim the municipal charter.[1]

On 3 February 1837, Peso da Régua was elevated to the status of vila (English: town), which included the annexed municipality of Godim, the civil parishes of Godim, Loureiro, Fontelas, Moura Morta and Sedielos.[1]

Its important role as municipality only achieved its zenith in 1836, after the Marquess of Pombal designated the Douro, its vineyards and wine, as a quality brand for export.[1] This was helped through the creation of Companhia Geral das Vinhas do Alto Douro, in 1756, which delimited the vineyards of the Douro Valley by granite markers (Portuguese: Marcos de Feitora) to regulate the vineyards and wines produced. After this point, through commercialization and centralization, Régoa began to become the centre of the region.[1]

On 31 December 1859, due to the extinction of the municipality of Canelas, the parishes of Poiares, Covelinhas, Vilarinho de Freires and Galafura were added to the municipality.[1]

Republic

On 11 December 1933, the parish of Vinhos was created from the de-annexed region of Sedielos, resulting in a municipality of eleven parishes threaded along the Douro.[1]

Within the integration of Canelas, in 1976, the municipality grew to twelve.[1]

Peso da Régua was elevated to city on 14 August 1985.[1]

In 1988, the Office Internacional de la Vigne et du Vin recognized the municipality as the Cidade Internacional da Vinha e do Vinho (English: International City of Vine and Wine).[1]

Geography


The 12 parishes of Peso da Régua are:

  • Canelas
  • Covelinhas
  • Fontelas
  • Galafura
  • Godim (Peso da Régua)
  • Loureiro
  • Moura Morta
  • Peso da Régua
  • Poiares
  • Sedielos
  • Vilarinho dos Freires
  • Vinhós

Economy

It can not be expressed how important Port Wine helped to catipult the fortunes of Peso da Régua: Template:Cquote Tourist boats ply the river from this point carrying tourists through the locks of two dams to Régua. The town is also connected to Porto by train; the Douro railway line runs along the banks of the Douro. Until its closure in 2009, the narrow gauge railway of the Corgo line also served the town.

References

Notes
Sources

External links

  • Museum of Douro
  • Photos from Peso da Régua
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