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RAF Transport Command

Royal Air Force Transport Command
Command crest
Active 25 March 1943–1 August 1967
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Type Command
Role controlling Transport aircraft
Motto Latin: Ferio Ferendo
("I Strike by Carrying")
Engagements Second World War
Insignia
crest heraldry A golden griffon in front of a globe

RAF Transport Command was a Royal Air Force command that controlled all transport aircraft of the RAF. It was established on 25 March 1943 by the renaming of the RAF Ferry Command, and was subsequently renamed RAF Air Support Command in 1967.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Aircraft operated 2
  • Operation Becher's Brook 3
  • North Greenland Expedition 4
  • Commanders-in-Chief 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
    • Citations 7.1
    • Bibliography 7.2

History

During the Second World War, it at first ferried aircraft from factories to operational units and performed air transport. Later it took over the job of dropping paratroops from Army Cooperation Command as well.

After the Second World War, it increased rapidly in size. It took part in several big operations, including the Berlin Airlift in 1948, which reinforced the need for a big RAF transport fleet.[1] The Handley Page Hastings, a four-engined transport, was introduced during the Berlin Airlift[2] and continued as a mainstay transport aircraft of the RAF for the next 15 years. In 1956, new aircraft designs became available, including the de Havilland Comet (the first operational jet transport), and the Blackburn Beverley. In 1959, the Bristol Britannia was introduced.[2]

During the 1960s the command was divided into three different forces:

The principal RAF Transport Command functions of this period were support operations involving the evacuation of military personnel from the Suez Canal Zone prior and after the Suez Crisis of October–November 1956;[2] casualty evacuation from South Korea during the Korean War and from the Malaya during the Malayan Emergency; essential supplies to Woomera, South Australia, and ferrying personnel and supplies out to Christmas Island for the atomic bomb tests carried out by the UK. In addition, Transport Command ran scheduled routes to military staging posts and bases in the Indian Ocean region, Southeast Asia and the Far East, to maintain contact between the UK and military bases of strategic importance. It also carried out special flights worldwide covering all the continents bar Antarctica. Many varied tasks were undertaken during the 1950s.

The 1960s saw a reduction of the RAF and a loss of independence of the former functional commands. Transport Command was renamed Air Support Command in 1967.[3]

Aircraft operated

Operation Becher's Brook

Becher's Brook was a major operation of Transport command - the ferrying of 400 Canadair Sabre fighters from North America to the UK. This required pilots and ground crew to be transported to Canada. The Sabres were flown via Keflavik (Iceland) on to Shetland and from there to mainland Scotland.

North Greenland Expedition

Transport Command supported the British North Greenland Expedition a research expedition over two years on the Greenland ice.

Commanders-in-Chief

Commanders-in-Chief included:[4]

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ Berlin Airlift
  2. ^ a b c No. 99 Squadron
  3. ^ British Military Aviation in 1967 RAF Museum
  4. ^ Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation - RAF Home Commands formed between 1939 - 1957

Bibliography

  • Wynn, Humphrey. Forged in War: A History of Royal Air Force Transport Command, 1943-1967. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1996. ISBN 0-11-772756-3.
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