World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Same-sex marriage in Manitoba

Same-sex marriage in Manitoba began on September 16, 2004, when Manitoba became the fifth jurisdiction in Canada to legalize same-sex marriage, after the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec, and Yukon Territory.[1][2]

On September 16, 2004, Justice Douglas Yard of the Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench declared in the case of Vogel v. Canada that the current definition of marriage was unconstitutional.[1] The judge said that his decision had been influenced by the previous decisions in B.C., Ontario and Quebec. This decision followed the suits brought by three couples in Manitoba requesting that they be issued marriage licences. Both the provincial and federal governments had made it known that they would not oppose the court bid.[3] One of the couples, Chris Vogel and Richard North, had legally sought marriage in a high-profile case in 1974, being given a marriage certificate by a Unitarian minister, but had been denied when they sought to legally register the marriage with the province. The other couples were Stefphany Cholakis and Michelle Ritchot, and Laura Fouhse and Jordan Cantwell.

A controversy emerged after the ruling, when the province's Vital Statistics Office sent letters to the province's government marriage commissioners (not clergy) asking them to return their certificates of registration if they refuse to perform same-sex marriages. The federal Conservative justice critic, Vic Toews, announced he would file a complaint with the Manitoba Human Rights Commission if this policy is not rescinded.[4]

A Winnipeg Free Press survey (2/6/05) showed that of the 14 Manitoban MPs, eight were against same-sex marriages, five were for and one could not be reached.

As of 2015, Vogel and North are still fighting to have the province formally register their marriage as having taken place in 1974 instead of 2004.[5] Their original 1974 marriage certificate is now on display at the Canadian Museum of Human Rights.[5] A portrait of Vogel and North, by artist Rosey Goodman, is also held by the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives in its National Portrait Collection.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Manitoba recognizes same-sex marriages".  
  2. ^ "Same-sex marriage in Manitoba, Canada". Kingston:  
  3. ^ "Manitoba legalizes same-sex marriage".  
  4. ^ "Commissioners have right to refuse to wed gay couples: Toews".  
  5. ^ a b "Chris Vogel, Richard North fight for Manitoba to recognize 41-year same-sex marriage". CBC News, February 18, 2015.
  6. ^ "Inductee: Rich North 1951-". Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives, 2002.

External links

  • Same Sex Marriage in Canada
  • CBC news item
  • 365gay.com
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.