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Sanofi S.A.
Société Anonyme
Traded as Euronext: SAN, NYSE: SNY
Industry Pharmaceuticals
Founded 20 August 2004 (by acquisition) as Sanofi Aventis
6 May 2011 as Sanofi
Headquarters 54, rue La Boétie, 8th arrondissement, Paris, France
Key people
Olivier Brandicourt (CEO, Chairman), Jean-François Dehecq (Original Founder)
Products Prescription and over-the-counter drugs for thrombosis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, central nervous system disorders, oncology and internal medicine, vaccines (list...)
Revenue 33.77 billion (2014)[1]
€6.14 billion (2014)[1]
Profit €4.39 billion (2014)[1]
Total assets €96.07 billion (2013)[2]
Total equity €56.89 billion (2013)[2]
Number of employees
112,128 (2013)[2]
Subsidiaries Sanofi Pasteur
Shantha Biotechnics
Website .com.sanofiwww

Sanofi S.A. is a French multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Paris, France, as of 2013 the world's fifth-largest by prescription sales.[3] The company was formed as Sanofi-Aventis in 2004 by the merger of Aventis and Sanofi-Synthélabo, which were each the product of several previous mergers. It changed its name to Sanofi in May 2011. The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.[4]

Sanofi engages in the research and development, manufacturing and marketing of pharmaceutical drugs principally in the prescription market, but the firm also develops over-the-counter medication. The company covers seven major therapeutic areas: cardiovascular, central nervous system, diabetes, internal medicine, oncology, thrombosis and vaccines (it is the world's largest producer of the latter through its subsidiary Sanofi Pasteur).[5]


  • History 1
    • Sanofi-Synthélabo 1.1
    • Aventis 1.2
    • Merger: Sanofi-Aventis 1.3
  • Sanofi-Aventis activities 2
    • Acquisition history 2.1
  • Rename to Sanofi and beyond 3
  • Products 4
    • Prescription medications 4.1
      • Autoimmune 4.1.1
      • Cardiovascular 4.1.2
      • Infectious disease 4.1.3
      • Metabolic 4.1.4
      • Neurology 4.1.5
      • Oncology 4.1.6
      • Pain 4.1.7
      • Diabetes 4.1.8
      • Over the counter 4.1.9
    • Pipeline 4.2
    • Management 4.3
    • Stockholders 4.4
  • Head office 5
  • Collaborative research 6
  • Associations 7
  • Aventis Foundation 8
  • See also 9
  • Notes 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12



Sanofi was founded in 1973[6] as subsidiary of Elf Aquitaine (a French oil company subsequently acquired by Total), when Elf Aquitaine took control of the Labaz group, a pharmaceutical company. Sanofi's first significant venture into the U.S. market was the acquisition of the prescription pharmaceuticals business of Sterling Winthrop—an affiliate of Eastman Kodak—in 1994. Sanofi was incorporated under the laws of France in 1994 as a société anonyme, a form of limited liability company.[7]:18

Synthélabo was founded in 1970 through the merger of two French pharmaceutical laboratories, Laboratoires Dausse (founded in 1834) and Laboratoires Robert & Carrière (founded in 1899). In 1973, the French cosmetics group L’Oréal acquired the majority of its share capital.[7]:19 In 1991, Synthelabo acquired Laboratories Delalande.[8]

Sanofi-Synthélabo was formed in 1999 when Sanofi merged with Synthélabo; at the time of the merger Sanofi was the second largest pharmaceutical group in France in terms of sales and Synthélabo was the third largest. The merged company was based in Paris, France.[7]:18–19

The merged companies focused on pharmaceuticals, divesting several businesses soon after the merger, including beauty, diagnostics, animal health and nutrition, custom chemicals, and two medical equipment businesses.[7]:19


Aventis was formed in 1999 when French company Rhône-Poulenc S.A. merged with the German corporation Hoechst Marion Roussel, which itself was formed from the 1995 merger of Hoechst AG with Cassella, Roussel Uclaf and Marion Merrell Dow. The merged company was based in Schiltigheim, near Strasbourg, France.[9]:13[10]:9–11[11]:40–41

At the time of the merger, Rhône-Poulenc's business included the pharmaceutical businesses Rorer, Centeon (blood products), and Pasteur Merieux (vaccines), the plant and animal health businesses Rhône-Poulenc Agro, Rhône-Poulenc Animal Nutrition, and Merial, and a 67 percent share in Rhodia, a speciality chemicals company.[10]:10 Hoechst had seven primary businesses: Hoechst Marion Roussel (pharmaceuticals), AgrEvo (a joint venture with Schering in crop protection agents and pest control products), HR Vet (veterinary products), Dade Behring (diagnostics), Centeon, Celanese (chemicals), and Messer (chemicals).[10]:9 Merieux has been in the business of selling blood products, and In the 1980s during the AIDS epidemic, Merieux and other companies were involved in scandals related to HIV-contaminated haemophilia blood products that were sold to developing nations.[12]

In mid 2000 Aventis and Millennium Pharmaceuticals, a US biotechnology company formed to discover new drugs based on the then-new science of genomics, announced that Aventis would make a $250M investment in Millennium and would pay $200M to Millennium in research fees over five years, one of the largest such deals between a big pharmaceutical company and a biotech company at the time.[13]

In late 2000, in the midst of the recall of Starlink, its genetically modified maize product, Aventis announced that it had determined to sell off Aventis Cropscience, the seed and pesticide business unit it had created from the agriculture businesses of its predecessors.[14] In October 2011, Bayer and Aventis announced that Bayer would acquire the unit for about $6.6 billion, with the unit becoming Bayer CropScience and making Bayer the world's second-largest agrochemical company behind Syngenta.[15]

In 2003 Aventis entered into a collaboration with Regeneron, a New York biotechnology company, to develop Regeneron's VEGF-inhibiting drug, aflibercept, in the field of cancer, which was then in Phase I clinical trials. Aventis invested $45 million in Regeneron and made an upfront payment of $80 million in cash.[16] Regeneron partnered the drug with Bayer Healthcare in the field of proliferative eye diseases, and under the name Eylea it was approved by the FDA in 2011;[17] after several setbacks in clinical trials,[18] Regeneron and Sanofi got the drug approved in metastatic colorectal cancer in combination with other agents, under the brand name ZALTRAP in 2012.[19]

Merger: Sanofi-Aventis

Sanofi-Aventis was formed in 2004 when Sanofi-Synthélabo acquired Aventis. In early 2004, Sanofi-Synthélabo made a hostile takeover bid worth €47.8 billion for Aventis. Initially, Aventis rejected the bid because it felt that the bid offered inferior value based on the company's share value, and the board of Aventis went so far as to enact poison pill provisions and to invite Novartis to enter merger negotiations.[20] The three-month takeover battle concluded when Sanofi-Synthélabo launched a friendly bid of €54.5 billion in place of the previously rejected hostile bid. The French government played a strong role, desiring what it called a "local solution", by putting heavy pressure on Sanofi-Synthélabo to raise its bid for Aventis and for Aventis to accept the offer[21] and by rejecting Aventis' poison pill proposal.[22] One of the largest risks in the deal for both sides, was the fate of the patents protecting Clopidogrel (Plavix) which was one of the top-selling drugs in the world at the time and the major source of Aventis' revenue.[23]

Sanofi-Aventis activities

In 2006, Iraqis infected with HIV sued Sanofi and Baxter due to HIV-contaminated haemophilia blood products sold by Merieux in the 1980s.[24]

In 2006 the US patents on clopidogrel (Plavix) were challenged when a Canadian generics company, Apotex, filed an Abbreviated New Drug Application under the Hatch-Waxman Act, received FDA approval, and started marketing a generic clopidogrel. While Sanofi-Aventis and its partner on the drug, Bristol Myers Squibb (BMS), were able to get an injunction to stop Apotex from selling the drug,[25] the case became complicated when settlement negotiations fell apart twice - the second time due an oral agreement made by BMS CEO Peter Dolan that BMS failed to disclose to the Federal Trade Commission during the review of the settlement agreement to ensure that it did not violate antitrust law. When Apotex disclosed the oral agreement to the FTC, the FTC launched an investigation that led to Dolan being fired by BMS.[26] Apotex finally lost on the patent litigation issues after its third appeal was decided in favor of BMS/Sanofi in November 2011; Apotex had to pay ~$442 million in damages and ~$108 million in interest for infringing the patent,[27] which it paid in full by February 2012.[28] Apotex also sued BMS and Sanofi for $3.4 billion for allegedly breaching the settlement agreement, and Apotex lost a jury trial in March 2013.[29]

In 2007 Sanofi-Aventis expanded on Aventis' prior relationship with Regeneron; in the new deal Sanofi-Aventis agreed to pay Regeneron $100 million each year for five years, under which Regeneron would use its monoclonal antibody discovery platform to create new biopharmaceuticals, which Sanofi-Aventis gained the exclusive right to co-develop.[30] In 2009 the companies expanded the deal to $160 million per year and extended it through 2017.[30][31] As of 2009 the collaboration had four antibodies in clinical development and had filed an IND for a fifth. Two were against undisclosed targets, one targeted the interleukin-6 receptor as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, another targeted nerve growth factor for the treatment of pain, and another targeted delta-like ligand 4 as a treatment of cancer.[31]

Between 2008, when Chris Viebacher was hired as CEO, and 2010, the company spent more than $17 billion in mergers and acquisitions to strengthen its consumer healthcare and generics platforms especially in emerging markets, in the face of looming patent cliffs and the growth of the consumer healthcare segment.[32][33][34] The dealmaking continued beyond 2010, and included:

  • In 2008, for about €1.8 billion, the Prague-based branded generics group Zentiva, which focused on eastern European markets[35]
  • In 2009, for about $635 million, Medley Farma, the third largest pharmaceutical company in Brazil and a leading generics company in that country;[36] Sanofi outbid Teva Pharmaceuticals.[37] The deal was approved by Brazil's antitrust authorities in May 2010.[36]
  • In 2009, for $784 million, Shantha Biotechnics, an Indian manufacturer of vaccines[38]
  • In 2010, for around $1.9 billion, Chattem, Inc., a U.S. consumer healthcare company with products such as Selsun Blue dandruff shampoo, Cortizone-10, Gold Bond skin care products and Icy Hot pain medicine.[34]
  • In 2010, for around $130 million, Nepentes Pharma, a Polish dermocosmetics company.
  • In 2010, for around $520.6 million in cash, BMP Sunstone Corporation a leading Chinese pharmaceutical company focused on consumer health-care products (e.g., maker of China's Hao Wa Wa, China’s top pediatric cold brand).[39]
  • In 2011, for around $20.1 billion, Genzyme Corporation, a biotechnology company headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts and specialized in the treatment of orphan diseases, renal diseases, endocrinology, oncology and biosurgery.[40]

In October 2009 Sanofi-Aventis announced that it would lay off about 1,700 US employees (about 25% of its US workforce) due to restructuring triggered by growing generic competition and other factors, and that the company would focus its US operations on diabetes, atrial fibrillation and oncology.[41]

Acquisition history

The following is an illustration of the company's major mergers, acquisitions and historical predecessors:


(Merged 2004)

(Merged 1999)



Pasteur Merieux

Rhône-Poulenc Agro

Rhône-Poulenc Animal Nutrition



Hoechst Marion Roussel

Hoechst Marion Roussel


HR Vet

Dade Behring




Aventis Cropscience
(Spun off 2000)

(Merged 1999)

(Founded 1973 as subsidiary of Elf Aquitaine)

Sterling Winthrop
(Acq 1994)


Laboratoires Dausse
(Founded 1834, merged 1970)

Robert & Carrière
(Founded 1899, merged 1970)

(Acq 2008)

Sicomed SA Bucharest
(Acq 2005)

Leciva Slovakofarma
(Acq 2003)

Medley Farma
(Acq 2009)

Shantha Biotechnics
(Acq 2009)

(Acq 2010)

Nepentes Pharma
(Acq 2010)

BMP Sunstone Corporation
(Acq 2010)

Genzyme Corporation
(Acq 2011)

Rename to Sanofi and beyond

The company dropped the -Aventis suffix of its name on 6 May 2011 after receiving approval at its annual general meeting. The reason given by the company for the change was to make its name easier to pronounce in countries such as China.[42]

In January 2012, Sanofi co-invested in the $125 million Series A financing of Warp Drive Bio. Sanofi sought support for its internal cancer research program and also took on an obligation to acquire Warp Drive if certain milestones were met.[43]

In January 2014, Genzyme and Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, a US biotechnology company developing RNAi therapeutics, announced that Genyzme would invest $700 million in Alnylam. Under the deal, Genzyme obtained further rights to patisiran, an RNAi treatment for transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis - a condition that can result in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy and familial amyloidotic cardiomyopathy,[44] and obtained rights to other compounds in Alnylam's pipeline.[45]

In March 2014 Sanofi joined the bidding for Merck & Co.’s over-the-counter health-products unit, the maker of Coppertone sunblock and Claritin allergy medicine; bids were expected to range between $10 billion and $12 billion.[46]

In October 2014, Sanofi's directors fired US-resident chief executive Chris Viehbacher, blaming his alleged lack of communication with the board and poor execution of his strategy.[47] Board chairperson Serge Weinberg took over as interim CEO until 2 April 2015 when Bayer Healthcare board chairperson Olivier Brandicourt (appointed by Sanofi on 19 February 2015[48]) took over. Before Brandicourt even started his new job, French government ministers Stéphane Le Foll and Ségolène Royal attacked the $4.5 million golden handshake he was getting from Sanofi - and his pay of about $4.7 million a year.[49]

In July 2015, Genzyme announced it would acquire the rare cancer drug Caprelsa (vandetanib) from AstraZeneca for up to $300 million.[50] In the same month In July 2015, the company announced a new global collaboration with Regeneron to discover, develop, and commercialise new immuno-oncology drugs, which could generate more than $2 billion for Regeneron,[51] with $640 million upfront, $750 million for proof of concept data and $650 million from the development of REGN2810.[52]


Prescription medications


Note: The Epinephrine auto-injection pens made by Sanofi SA currently on the market in the U.S. (Auvi-Q) and Canada (Allerject) were voluntarily recalled on October 28, 2015.[55][56] The reason stated by Sanofi: The products have been found to potentially have inaccurate dosage delivery.[57]

Sanofi (US) also added the following warning: If a patient experiencing a serious allergic reaction (i.e., anaphylaxis) did not receive the intended dose, there could be significant health consequences, including death because anaphylaxis is a potentially life‑threatening condition.[57]

In its news Release on October 28, 2015, Sanofi Canada stated that it was "actively working with suppliers of alternative epinephrine auto-injectors to have a full stock available in Canada as soon as possible. Canadian customers are asked to immediately return the product to their local pharmacy to obtain an alternate epinephrine auto-injector."[58]

According to the report in Digital Journal, the following products (in Canada and the US) are affected by the recall:[59]

In the U.S. — Auvi-Q with lot numbers 2299596 through 3037230, which expire March 2016 through December 2016. In Canada - Allerject Pre-filled Autoinjector (DIN02382059 – 0.15 mg/0.15mL epinephrine) In Canada - Allerject Pre-filled Autoinjector (DIN02382067 – 0.3 mg/0.3mL epinephrine)

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration also filed a news release[60] confirming that the recall involves all Auvi-Q currently on the market in the U.S. The FDA release went on to provide the following information for consumers (also provided on the Auivi-Q web site): Customers with questions regarding this recall can go to and call 1-866-726-6340 Monday through Friday 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. ET for information about how to return their Auvi-Q devices. Customers may also email Sanofi US will provide reimbursement for out of pocket costs incurred for the purchase of new epinephrine auto-injectors with proof of purchase.


Infectious disease

  • Menactra for meningitis
  • antibiotics: Cefotaxime (Claforan); Rifapentine (Priftin); Tavanic (Levofloxacin).
  • Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (amoklavin)
  • vaccines:Bacterial diseases:Cholera Diphtheria -Haemophilus influenzae type b-infections Meningococcal- Infections Pertussis Pneumococcal- Infections Tetanus -Tuberculosis Typhoid Fever
  • Viral diseases:Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Influenza Japanese Encephalitis Measles Mumps Poliomyelitis Rabies Rubella VaricellaYellow Fever And Smallpox, eradicated in 1980 (vaccine produced as a measure in response to the threat of bioterrorism)






Over the counter

The company also produces a broad range of over-the-counter products, among them Allegra, IcyHot for muscle pain, Gold Bond for skin irritation, and Selsun Blue dandruff shampoo (these brands were acquired in 2010 when Sanofi-Aventis purchased Chattem).


As of the summer of 2013, Sanofi was in a race with Amgen and Pfizer to win approval for a drug that inhibits PCSK9, a protein that slows the clearance of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol - the form of cholesterol that leads to heart attacks.[65] Sanofi's drug was discovered by Regeneron and is called alirocumab.[66] An FDA warning in March 2014 about possible cognitive adverse effects of PCSK9 inhibition threw the competition into disarray, as the FDA asked companies to include neurocognitive testing into their Phase III clinical trials.[67]

In fall 2013 Sanofi announced that another candidate from its collaboration with Regeneron, the monoclonal antibody against the interleukin 6 receptor, sarilumab, had better efficacy than placebo in its first Phase III trial for rheumatoid arthritis.[68]



As of 31 December 2013:[2]:185

Head office

Head office 54 rue de la Boétie, Paris 8th around.
Former head office 174 avenue de France, Paris 13th around.

In January 2012, Sanofi moved its head office location to 54, Rue La Boétie in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. This former mansion designed by architect René-Patouillard had previously been the head office of Alcatel-Lucent.

Sanofi's previous head office was located in the 13th arrondissement of Paris, 174 Avenue de France. The architecture of the head office is of the predominate style of the area surrounding the François Mitterrand Library. After Sanofi and Aventis merged, the employees at the former Aventis head office in Schiltigheim, Alsace moved to Paris.[71]

Collaborative research

In addition to internal research and development activities Sanofi is also involved in publicly funded collaborative research projects, with other industrial and academic partners. One example in the area of non-clinical safety assessment is the InnoMed PredTox project[72][73] The company is expanding its activities in joint research projects within the framework of the Innovative Medicines Initiative of EFPIA and the European Commission.[74]

In June 2010, Sanofi and the Charite University of Berlin signed a cooperation agreement for the research and development of medicines and therapies.[75]

On 25 October 2012, Sanofi said its earnings for the third quarter slumped as generic competitors ate into profits of its Eloxatin cancer treatment.[76]

Sanofi pasteur, vaccines division of Sanofi Group, awarded $97 Million HHS contract in 2005.[77]


Sanofi is a full member of the

  • Official website
  • Aventis Foundation
  • BIO IT

External links

  1. ^ a b c "Annual Report 2014" (PDF). Sanofi-Aventis. Retrieved 9 Sep 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 2013" (PDF). Sanofi-Aventis. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Eric Palmer and Carly Helfand for FiercePharma. 4 March 2014 The top 10 pharma companies by 2013 revenue
  4. ^ Frankfurt Stock Exchange
  5. ^ "Sanofi-Aventis to sign deal to build flu vaccine plant in China - source".  
  6. ^ "Le fondateur de Sanofi est mort". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d Sanofi-Synthélabo Form 20F for the Fiscal Year ended 31 December 2002
  8. ^ Denis Cosnard for Les Echos. December 11, 1991. Synthélabo s'offre Delalande
  9. ^ Aventis Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended 31 December 2002
  10. ^ a b c Arturo Bris and Christos Cabolis, Corporate Governance Convergence Through Cross-Border Mergers The Case of Aventis, Chapter 4 in Corporate Governance and Regulatory Impact on Mergers and Acquisitions: Research and Analysis on Activity Worldwide Since 1990. Eds Greg N. Gregoriou, Luc Renneboog. Academic Press, 26 July 2007
  11. ^ Lawton Robert Burns The Business of Healthcare Innovation Cambridge University Press, 26 July 2012
  12. ^ Meier, Barry (1996-06-11). "Blood, Money and AIDS: Haemophiliacs Are Split; Liability Cases Bogged Down in Disputes". The New York Times. 
  13. ^ Andrew Pollack for the New York Times. 24 June 2000 Aventis Unit Sets Big Investment in Biotechnology Start-Up
  14. ^ New York Times, 16 November 2000 Aventis to Sell Agriculture Unit
  15. ^ CNN Money. 2 October 2001 Bayer buys CropScience
  16. ^ Candace Hoffmann for First Word Pharma. 8 September 2003 Aventis inks deal with Regeneron for collaboration on cancer therapy
  17. ^ Gever, John (19 November 2011). "FDA Approves Eylea for Macular Degeneration". Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  18. ^ Ciombor KK et al. Aflibercept Clin Cancer Res. 15 Apr 2013; 19(8): 1920–1925. PMID 23444216
  19. ^ a b "Ziv-Aflibercept". FDA Drug Approvals Database. Food and Drug Administration. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  20. ^ Heather Timmons for the New York Times. 3 April 2004 Aventis Invites Novartis To Counter Sanofi's Bid
  21. ^ Heather Timmons for the New York Times. 27 April 2004 France Helped Broker the Aventis-Sanofi Deal
  22. ^ New York Times 24 April 2004 Aventis Plan Is Rejected
  23. ^ Kimberly S Cleaves and Ann M Thayer Warning, merge with care: Sanofi-Aventis Modern Drug Discovery, August 2004:21-26
  24. ^ Paul von Zielbauer for the New York Times. 4 September 2006 Iraqis Infected by H.I.V.-Tainted Blood Try New Tool: A Lawsuit
  25. ^ BMS Press Release. 8 December 2006 Preliminary Injunction Against Apotex Upheld on Appeal
  26. ^ Aaron Smith for 26 October 2006 Bristol CEO Dolan gets fired: Company says it heeded request of a federal monitor
  27. ^ Donald Zuhn for Patent Docs. 9 November 2011 Sanofi-Aventis v. Apotex Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2011)
  28. ^ Linda a. Johnson for Associated Press 8 February 2012 Apotex pays Bristol, Sanofi damages over Plavix
  29. ^ Carolina Bolado for Law360 14 March 2013. Bristol-Myers Escapes $3.4B Apotex Suit Over Plavix Deal
  30. ^ a b Ron Winslow for the Wall Street Journal. 10 Nov. 2009 Sanofi Expands Regeneron Deal
  31. ^ a b Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News. 11 Nov 2009 Sanofi-Aventis Commits Over $2.8B to Regeneron in mAb Discovery Alliance
  32. ^ FierceBiotech. Sanofi-Aventis: A timeline of biopharma deals
  33. ^ Andy Tisman for IMS Health 2010 The Rising Tide of OTC in Europe
  34. ^ a b Reuters, 21 December 2009 Drug Maker Sanofi-Aventis Buys Chattem for $1.9 Billion
  35. ^ New York Times. 22 September 2008 Sanofi-Aventis to buy Czech generic drug maker
  36. ^ a b Leigh Kamping-Carder for Law360. 20 May 2010 Brazil Clears Sanofi's $635M Medley Pharma Buy
  37. ^ Gareth Macdonald for PharmaTechnologist, 15 April 2009 Sanofi beats Teva in Medley melee
  38. ^ "Sanofi snaps up India's Shantha for $784M". FierceBiotech. 
  39. ^ Phil Serafino for Bloomberg News. 28 October 2010 Sanofi-Aventis to Buy BMP Sunstone to Expand in China
  40. ^ Chris V. Nicholson for the New York Times' Dealbook. 16 February 2011 Sanofi Agrees to Buy Genzyme for $20.1 Billion
  41. ^ Thomas Gryta and Mimosa Specer for the Wall Street Journal. Updated 9 Oct. 2010 Sanofi Cuts Jobs, Counters Genzyme
  42. ^ Mennella, Noelle (6 May 2011). "Sanofi changes name, pace of acquisitions to slow".  
  43. ^ Arlene Weintraub for Xconomy. 10 January 2012 Warp Drive Bio Launches With $125M from Third Rock, Greylock, Sanofi
  44. ^ Alnylam, TTR Amyloidosis (FAP)
  45. ^ Chad Bray for the New York Times' Dealbook. 13 January 2014 Sanofi Unit to Buy $700 Million Stake in Rare Disease Company
  46. ^ Bloomberg News [2] 24 March 2014
  47. ^ , Natalie Huet and Noëlle Mennella, Reuters news agency, New York 29 October 2014French drugmaker Sanofi sacks CEO, shares drop.Retrieved: 6 July 2015.
  48. ^ , Sanofi corporate website, 19 February 2015Sanofi : Sanofi Appoints Olivier Brandicourt as Chief Executive Officer.Retrieved: 6 July 2015.
  49. ^ French Government Slams Sanofi Over Brandicourt Pay Package, The Wall Street Journal, 24 February 2015].Retrieved: 6 July 2015.
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^ Katie Thomas for the New York Times. 1 February 2013 Brothers Develop New Device to Halt Allergy Attacks
  54. ^ "FDA approves new multiple sclerosis treatment Aubagio" (Press release). US FDA. Retrieved 2012-09-14. 
  55. ^
  56. ^
  57. ^ a b
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^ "Annual Review 2008" (PDF). Sanofi-Aventis. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  62. ^ Lisa M. Jarvis for Chemical and Engineering News. 14 January 2008 Isis, Genzyme In Heart Drug Deal
  63. ^ Andrew Pollack for the New York Times. 29 January 2013 F.D.A. Approves Genetic Drug to Treat Rare Disease
  64. ^ "Mozobil approved for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and multiple myeloma" (Press release). Monthly Prescribing Reference. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 3 January 2009. 
  65. ^ Gina Kolata for the New York Times. 9 July 2013 Rare Mutation Ignites Race for Cholesterol Drug
  66. ^ Alirocumab on Regeneron's website
  67. ^ John Carroll for FierceBiotech 7 March 2014 UPDATED: Regeneron, Sanofi and Amgen shares suffer on FDA's frets about PCSK9 class
  68. ^ John Carroll for FierceBiotech 22 November 2013 Regeneron, Sanofi hit a trio of goals in first PhIII test of rheumatoid arthritis drug
  69. ^ Noemie Bisserbe for the Wall Street Journal. 20 Feb. 2015 Sanofi Names Olivier Brandicourt CEO
  70. ^ MarketWatch 29 April 2011 Total CFO says firm cut Sanofi stake to under 5%
  71. ^ "Sanofi-Aventis : regroupement à Paris." Le Journal du Net. Retrieved on 28 September 2010.
  72. ^ Mattes, William B. (2008). "Public Consortium Efforts in Toxicogenomics". In Mendrick, Donna L.; Mattes, William B. Essential Concepts in Toxicogenomics.  
  73. ^ "InnoMed PredTox Member Organizations". Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  74. ^ Innovative Medicines Initiative. "IMI Call Topics 2008". IMI-GB-018v2-24042008-CallTopics.pdf. European Commission. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  75. ^ Sanofi-aventis, Charite University Sign Cooperation Agreement News article from InfoGrok.
  76. ^ "Sanofi Earns Slump in Q3 as Competition Heats Up". The New York Times. 25 October 2012. 
  77. ^ "Sanofi pasteur Awarded $97 Million HHS Contract to Accelerate Cell-Culture Pandemic Influenza Vaccine Development". 4 January 2005. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  78. ^ "The Pharmaceutical Industry in Figures - 2008 Edition". European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA). p. 49. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  79. ^ BIO member list Accessed 19 April 2014
  80. ^ PhRMA member list Accessed 19 April 2014
  81. ^ EuropaBio member list Accessed 19 April 2014
  82. ^ Home. Aventis Foundation (2013-11-27). Retrieved on 2013-12-23.


  1. ^ Total reduced its stake to less than 5% in 2011.[70]


See also

The Aventis Foundation,[82] a German charitable trust, was established in 1996 as the Hoechst Foundation with an endowment of €50 million. In 2000, the foundation was renamed the Aventis Foundation. Its aim is to promote music, theater, art, literature, higher education and healthcare research.

Aventis Foundation

Sanofi's vaccine subsidiary, Sanofi Pasteur, is a member of EuropaBio.[81]

[80] (PhRMA).Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America and [79]

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