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Savannah is at risk for

Summers tend to be humid with many thunderstorms. Nearly half of Savannah's precipitation falls during the months of June through September, characteristic of monsoon-type climates. Dewpoint in summer ranges from 67.8 °F (20 °C) to 71.6 °F (22 °C).[17] As the city is south of the snow line, it rarely receives snow in winter. Occasional Arctic cold fronts in winter can push nighttime temperatures as low as 20 °F (−7 °C), but rarely further than that.[17][18] Savannah straddles two recognized plant-hardiness zones: 8b, which is no colder than 15 °F (−9 °C), and 9a, no colder than 20 °F (−7 °C).[1]

Savannah's climate is classified as January 21, 1985.[16]

Climate

Savannah is prone to flooding. Five canals and several pumping stations have been built to help reduce the effects: Fell Street Canal, Pipe Makers Canal, Kayton Canal, Springfield Canal and Casey Canal, the first four draining north into the Savannah River and the last, the Casey, draining south into the Vernon River.

Savannah lies on the Savannah River, approximately 20 mi (32 km) upriver from the Atlantic Ocean.[15] According to the Ogeechee River flows toward the Atlantic Ocean some 16 miles (26 km) south of downtown Savannah.

Geography

Savannah was named for the Augusta.[10] These Shawnee were known by several local variants, including Shawano, Savano, Savana and Savannah.[11] Another theory is that the name Savannah refers to the extensive marshlands surrounding the river for miles inland, and is derived from the English term "savanna", a kind of tropical grassland, which was borrowed by the English from Spanish sabana and used in the Southern Colonies. (The Spanish word comes from the Taino word zabana.)[12] Still other theories suggest that the name Savannah originates from Algonquian terms meaning "southerner" or perhaps "salt".[13][14]

[9]. Early on December 21, 1864, local authorities negotiated a peaceful surrender to save Savannah from destruction, and Union troops marched into the city at dawn.March to the Sea's William T. Sherman and the prime objective of General sixth most populous city Savannah, a prosperous seaport throughout the nineteenth century, was the Confederacy's [8]. The British did not leave the city until July 1782.Siege of Savannah. British troops took the city in 1778, and the following year a combined force of American and French soldiers failed to rout the British at the Thirteen Colonies, Savannah had become the southernmost commercial port of the American Revolutionary War By the outbreak of the [7] [6] On February 12, 1733,

Savannah River to protect the Carolinas from Spanish Florida and French Louisiana.

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
    • Urban 2.2
      • Neighborhoods 2.2.1
      • Historic districts 2.2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
    • Police, fire department, and Savannah-Chatham consolidation 4.1
    • State representation 4.2
  • Economy 5
  • Arts and culture 6
    • Books and literature 6.1
    • Dance 6.2
    • Music 6.3
      • Rock music 6.3.1
    • Theater and performance 6.4
  • Points of interest 7
    • Squares 7.1
    • Historic churches and synagogues 7.2
    • Historic homes 7.3
    • Historic cemeteries 7.4
    • Historic forts 7.5
    • Other registered historic sites 7.6
    • Shopping 7.7
    • Other attractions 7.8
  • Sports and recreation 8
    • Professional sport teams 8.1
    • College teams 8.2
    • Sports facilities 8.3
  • Education 9
  • Media 10
  • Infrastructure 11
    • Transportation 11.1
      • Interstates and major highways 11.1.1
  • Crime 12
  • Sister cities 13
  • See also 14
  • Notes 15
  • References 16
  • Further reading 17
  • External links 18

Savannah's downtown area, which includes the 22 parklike squares, is one of the largest National Historic Landmark Districts in the United States (designated by the U.S. government in 1966).[3][1] Downtown Savannah largely retains the original town plan prescribed by founder James Oglethorpe (a design now known as the Oglethorpe Plan). Savannah was the host city for the sailing competitions during the 1996 Summer Olympics held in Atlanta.

[5][3]

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Savannah, Georgia

Savannah, Georgia
City
City of Savannah
Downtown Savannah viewed from Bay Street
Savannah Historic District Forsyth Park
Congregation Mickve Israel
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist Talmadge Memorial Bridge with Port of Savannah in the background
Student Center at Savannah College of Art and Design Savannah Victorian Historic District
Clockwise from top: downtown Savannah viewed from Bay Street, Savannah Historic District,

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "The Hostess City of the South"

Location in Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
Location in the United States
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Georgia
County Chatham
Government
 • Mayor Edna Branch Jackson
 • City Manager Stephanie Cutter (Acting)
Area
 • City 108.7 sq mi (281.5 km2)
 • Land 103.1 sq mi (267.1 km2)
 • Water 5.6 sq mi (14.4 km2)
Elevation 49 ft (15 m)
Population (est. 2014)
 • City 144,352
 • Density 1,321.2/sq mi (510.1/km2)
 • Metro 372,708
 • Demonym Savannahian
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
ZIP codes 31401-31499
Area code(s) 912
FIPS code 13-69000[1]
GNIS feature ID 0322590[2]
Website SavannahGA.gov
With its distinctive dome in tissue-paper-thin, 23-karat gold leaf, Savannah's City Hall (1906) is the first building constructed for exclusive use by the municipal government.
Statue of James Oglethorpe in Chippewa Square, completed in 1910 by Daniel Chester French

Savannah () is the oldest city in the third-largest metropolitan area.

Each year Savannah attracts millions of visitors to its cobblestone streets, parks, and notable historic buildings: the birthplace of

  • www.savannahga.gov — Official City Web site
  • www.visitsavannah.com — Official Site of the Savannah Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • www.seda.org — Savannah Economic Development Authority
  • Savannah Historic Newspapers Archive — Digital Library of Georgia
  • Savannah Forum
  •  
  •  

External links

Further reading

  1. ^ [2] Archived August 10, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d
  4. ^ "Savannah", in The Concise Columbia Encyclopedia (Columbia University Press, 1994), p. 779.
  5. ^
  6. ^ O.S. February 1, 1732, according to the Julian calendar used in the British colonies until September 2, 1752. With the adoption of the Gregorian calendar, eleven days in the date were omitted.
  7. ^ a b Savannah from the New Georgia Encyclopedia Online
  8. ^
  9. ^ Jacqueline Jones, Saving Savannah: The City and the Civil War (New York: Alfred Knopf, 2008), 206.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ Names in South Carolina, Volume 22, Institute for Southern Studies. Archived July 19, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Names in South Carolina, Volume 16, Institute for Southern Studies. Archived July 19, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ a b c
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ [3]
  27. ^ [4]
  28. ^
  29. ^ [5]
  30. ^ a b
  31. ^
  32. ^ a b
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^ Flannery O'Connor Childhood Home
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^ a b
  50. ^
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  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^
  63. ^
  64. ^
  65. ^ a b
  66. ^ [6] Archived January 8, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  67. ^
  68. ^ (includes 7 pages of drawings) and Accompanying 13 photos, from 1976, 1973, and 1962 (of which 3 show the Depot that is part of the NHL) PDF (21.6 KB)
  69. ^
  70. ^
  71. ^
  72. ^
  73. ^
  74. ^
  75. ^
  76. ^ a b
  77. ^
  78. ^
  79. ^
  80. ^
  81. ^
  82. ^

References

  1. ^ Savannah had 24 original squares. Today, 22 are still in existence. See Squares of Savannah, Georgia for additional information.
  2. ^ Official records for Savannah were kept at downtown from January 1871 to April 1945, Hunter Field from May 1945 to September 1950, and at Savannah/Hilton Head Int'l since October 1950. For more information, see ThreadEx.
  3. ^ Oatland Island Wildlife Center of Savannah was named the Oatland Island Education Center until a name change in 2007.

Notes

See also

[81]: Sister Cities International, as designated by sister citiesSavannah has five

Sister cities

The SCMPD provide the public with up to date crime report information through an online mapping service. This information can be found at[80]

In 2009, 11,782 crimes were reported to metro police — 753 fewer than in 2008. Within that 2009 number is a 12.2 percent decrease in violent crimes when compared with 2008. Property crimes saw a 5.3 percent decline, which included a 5.2 percent reduction in residential burglary. In 2008, residential burglary was up by almost 40 percent. While some violent crimes increased in 2009, crimes like street robbery went down significantly. In 2009, 30 homicides were reported, four more than the year before. Also, 46 rapes were reported, nine more than the year before. In the meantime, street robbery decreased by 23 percent. In 2008, metro police achieved a 90 percent clearance rate for homicide cases, which was described as exceptional by violent crimes unit supervisors. In 2009, the department had a clearance rate of 53 percent, which police attributed to outstanding warrants and grand jury presentations.[79]

Savannah-Chatham police report that crimes reported in 2009 came in down 6 percent from 2008.

An additional increase in burglaries occurred in 2008 with 2,429 residential burglaries reported to Savannah-Chatham police that year. That reflects an increase of 668 incidents from 2007. In 2007, there were 1,761 burglaries, according to metro police data. [78]

In 2007, Savannah-Chatham recorded a sharp increase in home burglaries but a sharp decrease in larcenies from parked automobiles. During the same year, statistics show a 29 percent increase in arrests for Part 1 crimes. [77]

The total number of violent crimes in the Savannah-Chatham County reporting area ran just above 1,000 per year from 2003 through 2006. In 2007, however, the total number of violent crimes jumped to 1,163. Savannah-Chatham has recorded between 20 and 25 homicides each year since 2005.
A map showing the 2009 precincts of Savannah-Chatham Metropolitan Police Department.
Map showing precincts of Savannah-Chatham Metropolitan Police Department.

Crime

  • Interstate 95 — Runs north-south just west of the city; provides access to Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport and intersects with Interstate 16, which leads into the city's center.
  • I-16 Interstate 16 — Terminates in downtown Savannah at Liberty and Montgomery streets, and intersects with Interstate 95 and Interstate 516.
  • I-516 Interstate 516 — An urban perimeter highway connecting southside Savannah, at DeRenne Avenue, with the industrialized port area of the city to the north; intersects with the Veterans Parkway and Interstate 16 as well. Also known as Lynes Parkway.
  • Tybee. Merges with the Islands Expressway and serves as the only means of reaching the Atlantic Ocean by automobile.
  • Garden City, back into west Savannah with a spur onto I-516, then I-16, and finally continuing over the Talmadge Memorial Bridge into South Carolina.
  • State Route 204 (Abercorn Expressway) — An extension of Abercorn Street that begins at 37th Street in midtown (which is its northern point) and terminates at Rio Road and the Forest River at its southern point, and serves as the primary traffic and commercial artery linking downtown, midtown and southside sections of the city.
  • Harry S. Truman Parkway — Runs through eastside Savannah, connecting the east end of downtown with southside neighborhoods. Construction began in 1990 and opened in phases (the last phase, connecting with Abercorn Street, was completed in 2014).
  • Veterans Parkway — Links Interstate 516 and southside/midtown Savannah with southside Savannah, and is intended to move traffic quicker from north-south by avoiding high-volume Abercorn Street. Also known as the Southwest Bypass.
  • Islands Expressway — An extension of President Street to facilitate traffic moving between downtown Savannah, the barrier islands and the beaches of Tybee Island.

Interstates and major highways

The DOT (Downtown Transportation) system provides fare free transportation in the Historic District.[76] Services include express shuttle buses, the Hutchinson Island and the Savannah International Trade and Convention Center.[76]

Public transit throughout the region is provided by Chatham Area Transit.

Amtrak operates a passenger terminal at Savannah for the Palmetto and Silver Service trains running between New York City and Miami, Florida with three southbound and three northbound trains stopping at the station daily.

Interstate 95 west of Savannah. Airlines serving this airport are Delta, Delta Connection, JetBlue, United Express, US Airways, Vision Airlines and American Eagle. Until September 2008, DayJet provided on-demand air transportation service between Savannah and cities throughout the Southeast.

Old Savannah cobblestone, Historic District

Transportation

Infrastructure

The Savannah Morning News is Savannah's only daily newspaper. The Savannah Tribune and the Savannah Herald are weekly newspapers with a focus on Savannah's African American community. Connect Savannah is an alternative free weekly newspaper focused on local news, culture and music.[74][75]

Other stations include WGSA, channel 35 (The CW); and WXSX-CA, channel 46 (MTV2).

Savannah's major television stations are WJWJ-TV (channel 16), part of SCETV.

Media

Oatland Island Wildlife Center of Savannah [3] is also a part of Savannah-Chatham County Public Schools. An environmental education center, it serves thousands of students from schools throughout the Southeastern United States. Located east of Savannah on a marsh island, it features a 2-mile (3.2 km) Native Animal Nature Trail that winds through maritime forest, salt marsh, and freshwater wetlands. Along the trail, visitors can observe native animals, such as Florida panthers, Eastern timber wolves, and alligators in their natural habitat.

Notable secondary schools in Savannah include the following:

Savannah is also home to most of the schools in the Chatham County school district, the Savannah-Chatham County Public Schools.

In 2012, Savannah Law School opened in the historic Candler building on Forsyth Park. The school is fully ABA-accredited and offers full-time as well as part-time programs leading to the juris doctor degree.[73]

Macon, received additional state funding in 2007 to expand its existing partnership with Memorial by establishing a four-year medical school in Savannah (the first in southern Georgia). Third- and fourth-year Mercer students have completed two-year clinical rotations at Memorial since 1996; approximately 100 residents are trained each year in a number of specialities. The expanded program opened in August 2008 with 30 first-year students.

Savannah has four colleges and universities offering bachelor's, master's, and professional or doctoral degree programs: Ralston College, a liberal arts college founded in 2010.[72]

Savannah Law School (the building once housed the original Candler Hospital)
Student center of SCAD, Savannah campus (the building was formerly a synagogue)

Education

Sports facilities

Club Affiliation Conference Venues Notes
Armstrong State Pirates NCAA Division II Peach Belt Conference Alumni Arena
Savannah College of Art and Design Bees NAIA Florida Sun Conference SCAD Athletic Complex, Ronald C. Waranch Equestrian Center
Savannah State Tigers NCAA Division I (FCS) MEAC Tiger Arena, Ted Wright Stadium

College teams

Club Sport League Venue Championships Notes
Savannah Braves Baseball Southern League Grayson Stadium 0 1971–1983
Savannah Cardinals Baseball South Atlantic League Grayson Stadium 2 (1993, 1994) 1984–1995
Savannah Sand Gnats Baseball South Atlantic League Grayson Stadium 2 (1996, 2013) 1996–2015
Savannah Spirits Basketball Continental Basketball Association Savannah Civic Center 0 1986–1988
Savannah Wildcats Basketball Continental Basketball League Armstrong State University 1 (2010) 2010–present
Savannah Storm Basketball East Coast Basketball League Savannah High School 2014–present
Savannah Steam American football American Indoor Football Tiger Arena 2015–present

Professional sport teams

Sports and recreation

  • Club One – home of The Lady Chablis and made famous in the book and movie Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil.[71]
  • Coastal Georgia Botanical Gardens - a developing botanical garden located at Bamboo Farm, a former USDA plant-introduction station south of Savannah that began operations in 1919.
  • Oatland Island Wildlife Center – located east of Savannah, a facility owned and operated by the Savannah-Chatham County Board of Education and featuring wildlife from surrounding coastal Georgia and South Carolina.
  • Ossabaw Island – an environmentally protected and commercially undeveloped barrier island south of Savannah.
  • Pinkie Masters Bar - a popular Savannah watering hole and the site of presidential visits and political campaigns. Pinkie Masters was a local political figure and a friend of President Jimmy Carter, who made several visits to the bar and the city.
  • Pirates' House – historic restaurant and tavern located in downtown Savannah.
  • Saint Patrick's Day Celebrations – Savannah holds annual celebrations in honor of Saint Patrick's Day. The actual parade route changes from year to year but usually travels through the Savannah Historic District and along Bay Street. The Savannah Waterfront Association has an annual celebration on River Street that is reminiscent of Mardi Gras on Bourbon Street in New Orleans.
  • Skidaway Institute of Oceanography.
  • Tybee Island – popular Atlantic resort town 17 mi (27 km) east of Savannah, with public beaches, a lighthouse, and other attractions.

Other attractions

Various centers for shopping exist about the city including Abercorn Common, Savannah Historic District, Oglethorpe Mall, Savannah Mall and Abercorn Walk.

Shopping

River Street

Other registered historic sites

Fort Jackson, not associated with Andrew Jackson, one mile east of Savannah's Historic District, was originally built between 1808 and 1812 to protect the city from attack by sea. During the Civil War, it became one of three Confederate forts defending Savannah from Union forces. Fort Pulaski National Monument, located 17 miles (27 km) east of Savannah, preserves the largest fort protecting Savannah during the Civil War. The Union Army attacked Fort Pulaski in 1862, with the aid of a new rifled cannon that effectively rendered brick fortifications obsolete.

Historic forts

Colonial Park Cemetery (an early graveyard dating back to the English colony of Georgia), Laurel Grove Cemetery (with the graves of many Confederate soldiers and African American slaves) and Bonaventure Cemetery (a former plantation and the final resting place for some illustrious Savannahians).

Historic cemeteries

Among the historic homes that have been preserved are: the Pink House, the Mercer-Williams House, the former home of Jim Williams, is the main location of Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil

Sorrel Weed House

Historic homes

The oldest standing house of worship is First Baptist Church, Savannah (1833), located on Chippewa Square. Other historic houses of worship in Savannah include: Cathedral of St. John the Baptist (Roman Catholic), Temple Mickve Israel (the third oldest synagogue in the U.S.),[3] and St. John's Church (Episcopal).

[66] In 1874, the St.

In 1832, a controversy over doctrine caused the First African Baptist congregation at Bryan Street to split. Some members left, taking with them the name of First African Baptist Church. In 1859, the members of this new congregation (most of whom were slaves) built their current church building on Franklin Square.[65]

The [65] The current sanctuary of First Bryan Baptist Church was constructed in 1873.

Founded in 1733, with the establishment of the Georgia colony, Christ Church (Episcopal) is the longest continuous Christian congregation in Georgia. Early rectors include the George Whitefield. Located on the original site on Johnson Square, Christ Church continues as an active congregation.

Savannah has numerous historic houses of worship.

Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

Historic churches and synagogues

Savannah's historic district has 22 squares (Ellis Square, demolished in 1954, was fully restored in early 2010).[62][63] The squares vary in size and character, from the formal fountain and monuments of the largest, Johnson, to the playgrounds of the smallest, Crawford. Elbert, Ellis, and Liberty Squares are classified as the three "lost squares," destroyed in the course of urban development during the 1950s. Elbert and Liberty Squares were paved over to make way for a realignment of U.S. highway 17, while Ellis Square was demolished to build the City Market parking garage. The city restored Ellis Square after razing the City Market parking garage. The garage has been rebuilt as an underground facility, the Whitaker Street Parking Garage, and it opened in January 2009. The newly restored Ellis Square opened in March 2010.[64] Separate efforts are now under way to revive Elbert and Liberty Squares.

Statue of John Wesley in Reynolds Square

Squares

Savannah has consistently been named one of "America's Favorite Cities" by Travel + Leisure. In 2012, the magazine rated Savannah highest in "Quality of Life and Visitor Experience."[59] Savannah was also ranked first for "Public Parks and Outdoor Access," visiting in the Fall, and as a romantic escape.[60] Savannah was also named as America's second-best city for "Cool Buildings and Architecture," behind only Chicago.[61]

The Savannah Civic Center on Montgomery Street is host to more than nine hundred events each year.

The Savannah International Trade & Convention Center is located on Hutchinson Island, across from downtown Savannah and surrounded by the Savannah River. The Belles Ferry connects the island with the mainland, as does the Eugene Talmadge Memorial Bridge.

The city's location offers visitors access to the coastal islands and the Savannah Riverfront, both popular tourist destinations. Isle of Hope.

Savannah's architecture, history, and reputation for Southern charm and hospitality are internationally known. The city's former promotional name was "Hostess City of the South," a phrase still used by the city government.[55][56] An earlier nickname was "the Forest City", in reference to the large population and species of oak trees that flourish in the Savannah area. These trees were especially valuable in shipbuilding during the 19th century.[57] In 2014, Savannah attracted 13.5 million visitors from across the country and around the world.[58] Savannah's downtown area is one of the largest National Historic Landmark Districts in the United States.[7]

Typical houses in the Savannah Historic District; these are located near the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist.
A carriage from Historic Carriage Tours of Savannah pauses at the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist.
The German Memorial Fountain was erected in 1989 to honor the accomplishments of German-Americans in Savannah.
Confederate Memorial in Forsyth Park

Points of interest

  • Muse Arts Warehouse – founded in 2010, Muse Arts Warehouse is a nonprofit organization committed to community-building through the arts by providing a venue that is available, affordable, and accessible to Savannah's individual artists, arts organizations and the public.[50]
  • Savannah Children's Theatre – a non-profit, year-round drama theater company geared toward offering elementary through high school students (and adults) opportunities for participation in dramatic and musical productions.[51]
  • Savannah Community Theatre – a full theater season with a diverse programming schedule, featuring some of Savannah's finest actors in an intimate, three-quarter-round space.[52]
  • Little Theatre of Savannah – founded in 1950, The Little Theatre of Savannah, Inc., is a nonprofit, volunteer-based community organization dedicated to the celebration of the theater arts. Recognizing the unique social value, expressive fulfillment and opportunity for personal growth that theater provides its participants, the Little Theatre of Savannah invites all members of the community to participate both on- and off-stage.[53]
  • The Savannah Theatre – Savannah's only fully professional resident theater, producing music revues with live singers, dancers and the most rockin' band in town. Performances happen year-round, with several different titles and a holiday show.[54]
  • Lucas Theatre for the Arts – founded in December 1921, the Lucas Theatre is one of several theaters owned by the Savannah College of Art and Design. It hosts the annual Savannah Film Festival.
  • Trustees Theater – once known as the Weis Theater, which opened February 14, 1946, this theater reopened as the Trustees Theater on May 9, 1998, and hosts a variety of performances and concerts sponsored by the Savannah College of Art and Design. SCAD also owns the building.

Theater and performance

Several sludge metal groups have emerged from Savannah.[49] Included in these are Baroness, Kylesa, Black Tusk and Circle Takes the Square.[49]

Rock music

  • The Coastal Jazz Association – presents a variety of jazz performances throughout the year in addition to hosting the annual Savannah Jazz Festival.[42]
  • Savannah Children's Choir – non-profit, auditioned choir for children in 2nd through 8th grades that performs throughout the community and in annual holiday and spring concerts.[43]
  • Savannah Concert Association – presents a variety of guest artists for chamber music performances each season. Performances are generally held in the Lucas Theatre For The Arts.[44]
  • [45]
  • The Savannah Philharmonic – professional orchestral and choral organization presenting year round concerts (classical, pops, education).[46]
  • The Savannah Winds – amateur concert band hosted by the music department of Armstrong Atlantic State University.[47]
  • The Armstrong Youth Orchestra – Savannah's professional orchestra for elementary, middle school, high school and some college students.[48]
Lucas Theatre for the Arts

Music

Savannah Ballet Theatre – established in 1998 as a nonprofit organization, it has grown to become the city’s largest dance company.[41]

Dance

  • The Savannah Book Festival – an annual book fair held on Presidents' Day weekend in the vicinity of historic Telfair and Wright squares, includes free presentations by more than 35 contemporary authors. Special events with featured writers are offered at nominal cost throughout the year.[38]
  • Flannery O'Connor Childhood Home[39] – a museum house dedicated to the work and life of the acclaimed fiction writer Flannery O'Connor, who was born in Savannah. In addition to its museum, the house offers literary programming, including the annual Ursrey Lecture honoring American fiction writers.[40]

Books and literature

Beyond its architectural significance as being the nation's largest, historically restored urban area, the city of Savannah has a rich and growing performing arts scene, offering cultural events throughout the year.

Arts and culture

In 2009-2014, Savannah was North America's fourth largest port for shipping container traffic.[37]

In 2000, Pooler on I-95 near Savannah-Hilton Head International Airport.

For years, Savannah was the home of Union Camp, which housed the world's largest paper mill. The plant is now owned by International Paper, and it remains one of Savannah's largest employers. Savannah is also home to the Gulfstream Aerospace company, maker of private jets, as well as various other large industrial interests. TitleMax is headquartered in Savannah. Morris Multimedia, a newspaper and television company, is also based in Savannah.

Today, the Port of Savannah, manufacturing, the military, and the tourism industry are Savannah's four major economic drivers. In 2006, the Savannah Area Convention & Visitors Bureau reported over 6.85 million visitors to the city during the year. By 2011, the Bureau reported that the number of visitors the city attracted increased to 12.1 million. Lodging, dining, entertainment, and visitor-related transportation account for over $2 billion in visitors' spending per year and employ over 17,000.

Between 1912 and 1968, the Savannah Machine & Foundry Company was a shipbuilder in Savannah.[36]

In the nineteenth century, the Port of Savannah became one of the most active in the United States, and Savannahians had the opportunity to consume some of the world's finest goods, imported by foreign merchants. Savannah's port has always been a mainstay of the city's economy. In the early years of the United States, goods produced in the New World had to pass through Atlantic ports such as Savannah's before they could be shipped to England.

Georgia's mild climate offered perfect conditions for growing cotton, which became the dominant commodity after the American Revolution. Its production under the plantation system and shipment through the Port of Savannah helped the city's European immigrants to achieve wealth and prosperity.

Agriculture was essential to Savannah's economy during its first two centuries. Silk and indigo production, both in demand in England, were early export commodities. By 1767, almost a ton of silk per year was exported to England.[35]

A container ship leaves the Savannah Historic District.

Economy

The Coastal State Prison in Savannah.[33][34]

State representation

While some see the police merger as a step toward city-county Vernonburg). Although these seven smaller localities would remain independent from a consolidated government, they have long opposed any efforts to adopt a city-county merger. One fear is that consolidation would reduce county funding to areas outside of Savannah.

In 2003 Savannah and Chatham County voted to merge their city and county Savannah Fire Department serves the City of Savannah only, and remains separate from the other municipal firefighting organizations in Chatham County.

Police, fire department, and Savannah-Chatham consolidation

The council levies taxes, enacts ordinances, adopts the annual budget, and appoints the City Manager.[32] The City Manager enacts the policies and programs established by council, recommends an annual budget and work programs, appoints bureau and department heads, and exercises general supervision and control over all employees of the city.[32]

form of government in 1954. The city council consists of the mayor and eight aldermen, six of whom are elected from one of six aldermanic districts, with each district electing one member. The other two members and the mayor are elected at-large. council-managerSavannah adopted a
Map showing Aldermanic Districts of Savannah, GA.

City Hall - different view

Government

The median income for a household in the city was $29,038, and the median income for a family was $36,410. Males had a median income of $28,545 versus $22,309 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,921. About 17.7% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.4% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

In the city the age distribution was as follows: 25.6% were under the age of 18, 13.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

There were 51,375 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the official 2010 census of Savannah, there were 136,286 people, 52,615 households, and 31,390 families residing in the city.[30] The population density was 1,759.5 people per square mile (679.4/km²). There were 57,437 housing units at an average density of 768.5 per square mile (296.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.04% Black, 38.03% White, 2.00% Asian, 0.03% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.07% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites were 32.6% of the population in 2010,[30] compared to 46.2% in 1990.[31]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Savannah's 2014 estimated population was 144,352, up from the official 2010 count of 136,286 residents.[26] The Census Bureau estimated the 2014 population of the Effingham counties) to be 372,708.[27] Between 2000 and 2010, Savannah's metro area had grown from 293,000 to 347,611, an increase of 18.6 percent.[28] Savannah is also the largest principal city of the Savannah-Hinesville-Statesboro Combined Statistical Area, a larger trading area that includes the Savannah and Hinesville-Fort Stewart metropolitan areas and (since 2012) the Statesboro Micropolitan Statistical Area. The 2014 estimated population of this area was 527,106, up from 495,745 at the 2010 Census.[29]

Demographics

  • Victorian District
  • Cuyler-Brownsville District
  • Mid-City (Thomas Square) District
  • Pin Point Historic District

Besides the Savannah Historic District, one of the nation's largest, four other historic districts have been formally demarcated:[23]

Historic districts

Savannah is a city of diverse neighborhoods. More than 100 distinct neighborhoods can be identified in six principal areas of the city: Downtown (Landmark Historic District and Victorian District), Midtown, Southside, Eastside, Westside, and Southwest/West Chatham (recently annexed suburban neighborhoods).

A map showing the existing City of Savannah neighborhoods.
Map showing city of Savannah neighborhoods.

Neighborhoods

Urban

The first meteorological observations in Savannah probably occurred at Oglethorpe Barracks circa 1827, continuing intermittently until 1850 and resuming in 1866. The Signal Service began observations in 1874, and the National Weather Service has kept records of most data continually since then; since 1948, Savannah-Hilton Head International Airport has served as Savannah's official meteorological station. Annual records (dating back to 1950) from the airport's weather station are available on the web.[22]

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[17][19][20] The Weather Channel[21]
Percent possible sunshine 55 59 62 71 67 65 62 60 58 65 61 56 62
Mean monthly sunshine hours 175.5 181.0 232.0 275.6 288.9 276.0 271.3 245.8 214.3 228.6 193.5 174.2 2,756.7
Average relative humidity (%) 69.6 67.0 66.8 65.4 70.1 73.6 76.0 78.6 77.7 72.9 72.3 70.8 71.7
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.0 8.1 7.7 6.8 7.0 11.9 12.3 13.5 9.6 7.1 6.8 8.4 108.2
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.69
(93.7)
2.79
(70.9)
3.73
(94.7)
3.07
(78)
2.98
(75.7)
5.95
(151.1)
5.60
(142.2)
6.56
(166.6)
4.58
(116.3)
3.69
(93.7)
2.37
(60.2)
2.95
(74.9)
47.96
(1,218.2)
Record low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
8
(−13)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
39
(4)
49
(9)
61
(16)
57
(14)
43
(6)
28
(−2)
15
(−9)
9
(−13)
3
(−16)
Average low °F (°C) 38.6
(3.7)
41.7
(5.4)
47.6
(8.7)
53.6
(12)
62.1
(16.7)
69.8
(21)
72.8
(22.7)
72.4
(22.4)
67.8
(19.9)
57.5
(14.2)
47.9
(8.8)
40.8
(4.9)
56.1
(13.4)
Average high °F (°C) 60.4
(15.8)
64.3
(17.9)
70.9
(21.6)
77.6
(25.3)
84.6
(29.2)
89.9
(32.2)
92.4
(33.6)
90.6
(32.6)
86.0
(30)
78.4
(25.8)
70.6
(21.4)
62.5
(16.9)
77.4
(25.2)
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
86
(30)
94
(34)
95
(35)
101
(38)
104
(40)
105
(41)
104
(40)
102
(39)
97
(36)
89
(32)
83
(28)
105
(41)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Climate data for Savannah, Georgia (Savannah/Hilton Head Int'l), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1871–present[2]


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