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Sextilia (gens)

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Sextilia (gens)

The gens Sextilia was a plebeian family at Rome. The first member of the gens to achieve prominence was Gaius Sextilius, consular tribune in 379 BC. None of the family obtained the consulship, but they endured throughout Roman history from the early Republic into imperial times.[1][2]

Origin of the gens

The nomen Sextilius is a patronymic surname, derived from the praenomen Sextus. The nomen of the gens Sextia was derived from the same name, much as the praenomen Quintus gave rise to the gentes Quinctia and Quinctilia.[3][4]

Praenomina used by the gens

The praenomina used by the Sextilii included Gaius, Lucius, Marcus, Publius, and Quintus, all of which were very common throughout Roman history. Although the nomen Sextilius was derived from Sextus, none of its members known to history bore that praenomen.[5]

Branches and cognomina of the gens

The Sextilii were not divided into families with distinctive surnames. Most of the Sextilii under the Republic bore no cognomen, but a few surnames are found in later times and under the Empire.[6]

Members of the gens

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  2. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita, vi. 30.
  3. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  4. ^ George Davis Chase, "The Origin of Roman Praenomina", in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, vol. VIII (1897).
  5. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  6. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  7. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita, vi. 30.
  8. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita Epitome, 14.
  9. ^ Valerius Maximus, Factorum ac Dictorum Memorabilium libri IX, viii. 1. damn. 5.
  10. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita, xxvii. 9, 10.
  11. ^ Plutarchus, Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, "Marius", 40.
  12. ^ Appianus, Bellum Civile, i. 62.
  13. ^ Valerius Maximus, Factorum ac Dictorum Memorabilium libri IX, v. 3. § 3.
  14. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, De Oratore, iii. 3.
  15. ^ Appianus, Bella Mithridatica, 84.
  16. ^ Plutarchus, Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, "Pompeius," 24.
  17. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pro Lege Manilia, 12.
  18. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pro Flacco, 15.
  19. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pro Flacco, 36.
  20. ^ Marcus Terentius Varro, Rerum Rusticarum libri III, i. 1. § 10.
  21. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pro Flacco, 13.
  22. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem, ii. 1. § 3.
  23. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Pro Flacco, 34.
  24. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum, ii. 17.
  25. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, xii. 13. § 4, xiii. 48.
  26. ^ Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Suasoriae, 6, pp. 45, 46, ed. Bip.
  27. ^ Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Historiae ii. 64, 89, iii. 67.
  28. ^ Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, De Vita Caesarum, "Vitellius," 3.
  29. ^ Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Historiae iii. 5, iv. 70.

 

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