World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shenyang Military Region

Article Id: WHEBN0006427925
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shenyang Military Region  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: People's Liberation Army, Army groups of China, 40th Group Army, 116th Division (People's Republic of China), Sun Dafa
Collection: Military Regions of the People's Liberation Army
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Shenyang Military Region

Shenyang Military Region
Shenyang Military Region (highlighted)
Simplified Chinese 沈阳军区
Traditional Chinese 瀋陽軍區

The Shenyang Military Region is one of seven military regions for the Chinese People's Liberation Army. It has command and control of military and armed police forces in the three northeast provinces of Jilin, Heilongjiang, and Liaoning, which also form Military Districts.

The Shenyang Military Region has been left with unchanged boundaries since the late 1960s. It is bordered internally by the Beijing Military Region to the west. Externally, it is bordered by North Korea to the south east and the Russian Far East to the north.

Prior to the Cultural Revolution, military region commanders tended to remain in post for long periods. As the PLA took a stronger role in politics, this began to be seen as something of a threat to party (or, at least, civilian) control of the military. Two commanders served for long periods in the Shenyang MR, Chen Xilian, from 1959-73, and Li Desheng from 1974-85.

As of 15 March 1967, the Central Intelligence Agency identified eight armies in the Shenyang MR.[1] The CIA identified the 16th Army, 23rd Army, the 38th, 39th Army, 40th Army, 46th, 50th, and 64th Armies. However the 38th Army is now assigned to the Beijing Military Region.

The Shenyang Region adjoins the Russian Far East Military District, which numbered some 76,000 personnel in 2007,[2] and is now the Eastern Military District. However there is a military limitation treaty and information disclosure agreement in place between the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China.

Analysts suggest that it's the second most important military region next to the Beijing Military Region.[3]

The International Institute for Strategic Studies listed the formation in 2006 with an estimated 250,000 personnel, three group armies, and two armoured, one mechanised, four motorised, and one artillery division.[4] It also lists two armoured, five motorised, three artillery, four anti-aircraft and one anti-tank brigades with the formation.

Known formations and units include the 16th Group Army, headquartered at Changchun, with a motorised infantry division, motorised infantry brigade, the 4th Armoured Division (Meihekou, Jilin) and artillery and anti-aircraft brigades, and the 39th Group Army in Liaoning, and the 40th Group Army headquartered at Jinzhou, Liaoning.[5] The 23rd Group Army was disbanded during the reductions which began in 2003. In Korea in the 1950s, the 23rd Army had included the 67th, 69th, and 73rd Divisions.

Two units directly subordinate to the MR headquarters are the 68th Motorized Infantry Brigade, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang (from 23rd Group Army), and the 69th Motorized Infantry Division, Harbin, Heilongjiang (from 23rd Group Army).[6]

Contents

  • List of commanders 1
  • Nickname 2
  • References and sources 3
  • Sources 4

List of commanders

Nickname

Organizations affiliated with the Shenyang Military Region often use the nickname "forward" (Chinese: 前进; pinyin: qiánjìn; literally: "front advance"), including the Forward Performance Troupe (Chinese: 前进文工团) and the Forward Newspaper (Chinese: 前进报).

References and sources

  1. ^ Central Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence Estimate No. 13-3-67 Communist China's Military Policy and its General Purpose and Air Defense Forces, 6 April 1967, page 28 of 34
  2. ^ IISS Military Balance 2007
  3. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/shenyang-mr.htm
  4. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2006, p.266.
  5. ^ Blasko, 2006, 75-76
  6. ^ Blasko, 2006, 76

Sources

  • Chapter 8, PLA Ground Forces, by Dennis J Blasko, in The People's Liberation Army as Organisation, RAND, CF182
  • www.sinodefence.com

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.