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Soviet Republic of Naissaar


Soviet Republic of Naissaar

Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders of Naissaar
Naissaare Nõukogude Vabariik
Unrecognized state



The island of Naissaar close to the Estonian capital of Tallinn.
Capital Obernargen (Söderby)
Languages Russian, Swedish, Estonian
Government Soviet republic
Chairman¹ Stepan Petrichenko
Historical era World War I
 •  Established December 1917
 •  Disestablished 26 February 1918
 •  1918 18.56 km² (7 sq mi)
 •  1918 est. 300 
     Density 16.2 /km²  (41.9 /sq mi)
Currency "Kerensky ruble" (Keriniki)
¹ Chairman of the "Council of People's Commissars".

The Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders of Naissaar was a revolutionary state that during the First World War controlled the Estonian island of Naissaar (Swedish: Nargö; German: Nargen) in 1917-1918 for a brief period after the October Revolution and prior to the Occupation of Estonia by the German Empire.


On November 5, 1917, the October Revolution spread from Estonia to Russia. 28 November (15 November) 1917 the Maapäev (Provincial Diet) refused to recognize the new Bolshevik rule and proclaimed itself the supreme legal authority in Estonia. At the time, the most important fortification system in the area, called Peter the Great's Naval Fortress, was located at the narrowest point of Gulf of Finland. It included heavy coastal artillery batteries in the area of Estonia's capital Tallinn (Reval) and the nearby island of Naissaar. At the time, anarchosyndicalist Stepan Petrichenko was transferred to Tallinn.

Battleship Petropavlovsk (later renamed as Marat).

In December 1917, the revolutionary sailors of the battleship Petropavlovsk took power on the small island of Naissaar and proclaimed an independent Soviet republic there. The Russian sailors, numbering about 80-90, formed the government. The Republic of Estonia formally declared independence on February 23, 1918, only to be forcibly occupied and annexed by the German Empire.

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