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Stavropol'skiy Kray, Russia

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Stavropol'skiy Kray, Russia

Stavropol Krai
Ставропольский край (Russian)
—  Krai  —
Flag
Coat of arms
Anthem: none
Coordinates: 45°03′N 43°16′E / 45.050°N 43.267°E / 45.050; 43.267Coordinates: 45°03′N 43°16′E / 45.050°N 43.267°E / 45.050; 43.267
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district North Caucasian[1]
Economic region North Caucasus[2]
Established January 10, 1934
Administrative center Stavropol
Government (as of August 2010)
 - Governor[3] Valery Zerenkov[4]
 - Legislature State Duma[3]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[5]
 - Total 66,500 km2 (25,675.8 sq mi)
Area rank 45th
Population (2010 Census)[6]
 - Total 2,786,281
 - Rank 14th
 - Density[7] 41.9 /km2 (109 /sq mi)
 - Urban 57.2%
 - Rural 42.8%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[8]
ISO 3166-2 RU-STA
License plates 26
Official languages Russian[9]
Official website

Stavropol Krai (Russian: Ставропо́льский край, tr. Stavropolsky kray, IPA: [stəvrɐˈpolʲskʲɪj kraj]) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai) in the North Caucasian Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Stavropol. Population: 2,786,281 (2010 Census).[6]

Geography

Stavropol Krai encompasses the central part of the Fore-Caucasus and most of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. It borders on Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, the Republic of Kalmykia, the Republic of Dagestan, the Chechen Republic, the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, and the Karachay–Cherkess Republic.

Stavropol is traversed by the northeasterly lines of equal latitude and longitude.

Demographics

Population

According to the 2010 Census, the population of the krai is 2,786,281;[6] up from 2,735,139 recorded in the 2002 Census[10] and further up from 2,410,379 recorded in the 1989 Census.[11] The population of the krai is concentrated in the Kuban River and the Kuma River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) and Greeks who have been settling here since at least the 18th century.

Ethnic groups

The 2010 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than 2,000 persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multiethnic in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:[6]

Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
2,232,153 Russians 80.9%
161,324 Armenians 5.9%
30,373 Ukrainians 1.1%
49,302 Dargins 1.8%
33,573 Greeks 1.2%
22,006 Nogais 0.8%
30,879 Roma people 1.1%
15,598 Karachay 0.6%
17,800 Azerbaijanis 0.6%
15,048 Turkmens 0.5%
11,980 Chechens 0.4%
11,795 Tatars 0.4%
7,988 Ossetians 0.3%
10,419 Turks 0.4%
7,104 Belarusians 0.3%
6,759 Koreans 0.2%
55,946 Others 2%
  • 26,855 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[12]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

  • Birth Rate: 11.22 per 1,000
  • Death Rate: 13.32 per 1,000
  • Net Immigration: +3.5 per 1,000
  • NGR: -0.21% per Year
  • PGR: +0.14% per Year
Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 34 768 (12.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 33 356 (12.0 per 1000) [13]
  • Total fertility rate:

2009 - 1.45 | 2010 - 1.44 | 2011 - 1.43 |[14] 2012 - 1.54(e)

Religion

Template:Pie chart According to a 2012 official survey[15] 46.9% of the population of Stavropol Krai adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 7% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 5% are Muslims, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, and 1% of the population adheres to Rodnovery. In addition, 19% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 16% is atheist, and 7.1% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[15]

Administrative divisions

Agriculture

Irrigated agriculture is well developed in the region. As of the beginning of 2001, Stavropol Krai had 3,361 km of irrigation canals, of which 959 km were lined (i.e., had concrete or stone walls, rather than merely soil walls, to reduce the loss of water).[16]

Among the major irrigation canals are:[16]

See also

Notes

References

  • Государственная Дума Ставропольского края. №6-кз 12 октября 1994 г. «Устав (Основной Закон) Ставропольского края», в ред. Закона №117-кз от 21 декабря 2012 г. «О поправке к Уставу (Основному Закону) Ставропольского края». Опубликован: "Ставропольская правда", №198–199, 14 октября 1994 г. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. #6-kz October 12, 1994 Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #117-kz of December 21, 2012 On the Amendment of the Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai. ).

External links

  • News and events of Stavropol Krai
  • (Russian) Stavropol Krai News Portal
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