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Title: Takavar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Islamic Republic of Iran Army, Marine (military)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Takavar (Persian: تکاور‎) is the term used for a type of Iranian special forces unit, belonging to the Iranian Army (Artesh) of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The Takavaran (plural of Takavar) fall under the direct command of the Supreme Leader of Iran.

Allegedly, the Takavaran are directly comparable to the Special Boat Service of the United Kingdom due to what has been portrayed as a near-identical selection and training program.

The Takavaran is a naval commando force with about 200 soldiers. Takavaran hopefuls are hand-selected and highly trained for a variety of missions including land missions away from water. In addition to traditional naval special operations missions such as hydroponic surveys and beach head demolitions, Takavaran commandos are tasked with small-unit raids that might involve sabotage and demolitions or assassinations, as well as prisoner snatches and hostage rescue operations.

Selection and Training

To be eligible for Takavar selection, a candidate must be of male gender and have completed at least two years regular service in the Iranian Armed Forces. If selected, training for the unit is an intense twelve-month process. First, the recruit must demonstrate the minimum physical requirements specified. The recruit is then sent to a collection of Operator Training schools; first being eight weeks of physical training, next dive school, jump school, weapons school, unarmed combat school, land warfare school, and finally, close-quarters combat school. After this, the prospective operator joins a team and serves out a six-month probationary term before becoming a full-fledged commando.

By the time he becomes a full-fledged commando, the Takavaran soldier is an expert combat diver in both conventional SCUBA systems and closed-circuit breathing apparatus. The Takavaran are qualified to jump with all of their equipment, in both day and nighttime conditions, including landings in water.[1]

Units of the Iranian Takavar

The most famous Takavaran units are (as recorded):

  • 1-Lashgare(Division) 58 Takavar Zolfaghar {58 Commando}.
  • 2-Tip(Brigade) 55 Havabord (Shiraz) {55 Airborne}.
  • 3-Lashgare 23 Takavar {23 Commando}.
  • 4-Tip 45 Takavar (Andimeshk Ahvaz) {45 Commando}.
  • 5-Gorouh 99 Padafand Havaie (Tehran) {99 Air Assault}.
  • 6-Gorouhan Takavar Pasdar Setad Gharargah (Tehran) {Central Command Guard Unit, Ground Forces Headquarter}.
  • 7-Tip 65 Havabord (Airborne) Nouhad {65 Special forces}


The commandos from the Takavar are proficient with U.S., Russian, and Israeli weapons; but are typically outfitted with German-designed firearms, such as the HK G3 (regular and short barreled), HK-91, and HK 53 assault rifles. In some instances, alternatively they have also used the AK-47, AK-74, and AK-103 assault rifles. They have also used the MP-5 for CQB missions. Handguns are mostly Belgian-manufactured .45 automatics, but in some cases they have used Glock and .357 revolvers. Snipers are often outfitted with SVD (Snayperskaya Vintovka Dragunova), scoped G3 and Steyr HS .50 rifles. Some of the Takavaran are also outfitted with the PKM and MG3 machine guns.


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