World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

The European Library

Article Id: WHEBN0004332619
Reproduction Date:

Title: The European Library  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Library, Magna Carta, Salzburg, Matthew Parker, List of digital library projects, Erik Dahlbergh, Jean Fouquet, Raoul Dufy, Christophe Plantin, National library
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

The European Library

The European Library
Web address
Commercial? No
Type of site Portal to the content of Europe's national and research libraries
Owner CENL (a consortium of 48 national libraries)
Launched 17 March 2005
Alexa rank negative increase 464,668 (November 2013)[1]

The European Library is an Internet service that allows access to the resources of 48 European national libraries[2] and an increasing number of research libraries. Searching is free and delivers metadata records as well as digital objects, mostly free of charge. The objects come from institutions located in countries which are members of the Council of Europe and range from catalogue records to full-text books, magazines, journals and audio recordings. Over 200 million records are searchable, including 24 million pages of full-text content and more than 7 million digital objects. Thirty five different languages are represented among the searchable objects.

History and concept

The European Library of today has evolved from a number of earlier projects.

Its starting point was in 1997 when the GABRIEL (Gateway and Bridge to Europe's National Libraries) project set out to establish a joint web portal of European national libraries. At a basic level, the portal provided information about each library's collections and access to their online public access catalogues (OPACs).

The European Library exists to open up the universe of knowledge, information and cultures of all Europe's national libraries.

— European Library Mission[3]

GABRIEL was followed by the TEL (The European Library) project, which ran from 2001–2004 and created a framework for access to key national and deposit collections within Europe. The project was part-funded under the Fifth Framework Programme of the European Commission. The national libraries involved in the TEL project were those of Finland, Germany, Italy (Florence), Italy (Rome), Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Switzerland and United Kingdom.[4]

This led to the launch of portal on 17 March 2005.

Between 2005–2007, the TEL-ME-MOR project helped to incorporate 10 more national libraries from new European Union member states as full partners of The European Library. By the beginning of 2008, a further nine national libraries within the European Union and the European Free Trade Association had joined the service.

The European Library took a further step towards its enlargement with the EDLproject, during which national libraries continued to join The European Library. The project also focused on multilingualism, undertook the first steps towards a European Metadata Registry and created a roadmap for potential digitization efforts in the national libraries.

Year of Joining National Libraries
2005 Netherlands, Switzerland, UK, Finland, France,Germany, Portugal, Italy-Florence, Italy-Rome
2006 Malta, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Estonia, Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Serbia, Croatia, Denmark
2007 Belgium, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Russia-Moscow
2008 Albania, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Turkey, Russia Saint Petersburg, Ukraine
* San Marino, Vatican City (collections not searchable)
2011 Wales

The European Library and Europeana

The European Library provided much of the organization and support required to launch Europeana – a European Commission initiative that makes millions of digital objects from libraries, museums and archives accessible to the public via the Europeana website.

When the European Parliament called for Europeana to be established, the Conference of European National Librarians (CENL), under the auspices of the National Library of the Netherlands and CENL's service The European Library, were asked to submit for a project under the eContentplus programme. Work began on a prototype in 2007 and Europeana was launched in November 2008.

Europeana now operates independently but The European Library continues to work closely with Europeana. The European Library is the aggregator of digital content from national libraries for Europeana and delivers digital content from national libraries on a monthly basis to Europeana.

As of July 2012, The European Library was the second biggest content provider to Europeana,[5] with 3.45 million items added to the Europeana database.

Some human and technical resources are also shared between Europeana and The European Library.

Virtual exhibitions

In addition to its search engine, The European Library pulls together themes from the collections of Europe's national libraries[6] and displays them in virtual exhibitions. These exhibitions unite geographically disparate objects in a single online space, offering Pan-European sources on the topic.

  • Manuscripts and Princes in Medieval and Renaissance Europe:[7] 34 manuscripts from the royal collections of the Carolingian Emperors, French King Charles V and his family, and the Aragonese kings of Naples.
  • Travelling Through History:[8] Centuries worth of travel memorabilia from 13 European libraries, including photographs, sounds, maps and books.
  • Reading Europe:[9] Almost 1,000 books selected by national libraries, with curatorial information and full-text versions in most cases.
  • A Roma Journey:[10] Texts, photographs, paintings and recordings of traditional songs showing the heritage of the Romani people in Europe.
  • Napoleonic Wars:[11] A selection of portraits, military maps, city plans, letters, books and other material from the Napoleonic Wars.
  • Treasures of Europe's National Libraries:[12] A collection of objects selected by Europe's national libraries as some of the most outstanding items in their collections.
  • National Library Buildings:[13] Images of the National Libraries that are partners of The European Library.

Financing and ownership

The European Library is financed by its owners, the Conference of European National Librarians (CENL). The portal is maintained by The European Library Office located in the premises of the Dutch Royal Library in The Hague. Its programme director is Jill Cousins.[14]

Partner libraries

The 48 National Libraries who participate in The European Library project are:

Research Libraries who have also contributed content to The European Library as a result of the Europeana Libraries project include:


External links

  • The European Library
  • Conference of European National Librarians (CENL)
  • Europeana Libraries
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.