World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vermentino

Article Id: WHEBN0006300193
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vermentino  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Taylors Wines, Outline of wine, Chardonnay, Wine Grapes, Spinning cone
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Vermentino

Vermentino
Grape (Vitis)
Color of berry skin Blanc
Species Vitis vinifera
Also called see list of synonyms
Origin Italy, but other claims also exist

Vermentino is a light-skinned wine grape variety, primarily found in Italian wine. It is widely planted in Sardinia, in Liguria primarily under the name Pigato, to some extent in Corsica, in Piedmont under the name Favorita, and in increasing amounts in Languedoc-Roussillon.[1] The leaves are dark green and pentagonal. The grapes are amber-yellow and hang in pyramidal bunches. The vines are often grown on slopes facing the sea where they can benefit from the additional reflected light. The Vitis International Variety Catalogue now gives Italy as its origin.[2]

The most famous wine made from Vermentino is probably the DOCG Vermentino di Gallura (and Vermentino di Gallura Superiore) which is produced in the province of Olbia-Tempio, in the north of Sardinia. The grape is said to have been cultivated in this part of Gallura, often under the name Arratelau, since the fourteenth century.[3] Elsewhere on the island the grape is used for a variety of white wines, including sweet and sparkling variants.

Origin

Different hypotheses about the origin of Vermentino have been forwarded, and only recently has DNA typing confirmed Vermentino to be identical to the Pigato of Liguria and Favorita of Piedmont, superseding some earlier hypotheses. It is unclear if Vermentino is also identical to the variety Rollo found in eastern Provence, around Nice. Both that variety and Vermentino go under the synonym Rolle.[1][2][4]

Wines

A Vermentino from the Colli di Luni DOC.

Italian DOC wines include :

French wine AOC wines include:

  • Patrimonio, located in the north of Corsica, in the Saint Florent gulf, was the first region of the island to attain AOC status (in 1968). Its white wine is 100% Vermentino.
  • In Languedoc-Roussillon, it has recently been allowed into many AOC wines, including Côtes du Roussillon.[1]
  • In Provence, close to Nice, the grape is used for the AOC white wines of Bellet.

United States wines include:

  • Mahoney Vineyards Vermentino Las Brisas Vineyard grown in the Carneros AVA of California.
  • Tablas Creek Vermentino grown in the Paso Robles Appellation of California.
  • Villa Appalaccia Vermentino grown in the southern Appalachian mountains of Virginia.
  • Annefield Vineyards Vermentino grown in the Piedmont region of Southside Virginia.
  • Raffaldini Vineyards Vermentino grown in the Swan Creek AVA in the Yadkin Valley of North Carolina.

Australian wines include:

  • Amato Vino Amato Vino is a winemaker based in Margaret River, Western Australia. They produce a local version of the variety, and also a version from the Riverland region of South Australia, with grapes grown for them by Ricca Terra Farms.

Synonyms and confusion with other varieties

Vermentino is also known under the synonyms Agostenga, Agostenga blanc, Brustiano, Brustiano di Corsica, Carbes, Carbesso, Favorita, Favorita bianca, Favorita Bianca di Conegliano, Favorita d'Alba, Favorita di Alba, Favorita di Conegliano, Formentino, Fourmentin, Garbesso, Grosse Clarette, Malvasia a Bonifacio, Malvasia Grossa, Malvasie, Malvoisie, Malvoisie è Gros Grains, Malvoisie Corse, Malvoisie de Corse, Malvoisie Précoce d'Espagne, Piccabon, Piga, Pigato, Rolle, Rossese, Sibirkovski, Uva Sapaiola, Uva Vermentino, Valentin, Varlentin, Varresana bianca, Vennentino, Verlantin, Vermentini, Vermentino bianco, Vermentino Pigato, and Vermentinu.[2]

Despite sharing several synonyms with Vermentino, the Corsican wine grape Brustiano bianco has no known relationship to the grape. Vermentino's exact relationship with the Tuscan grape Vermentino nero is not yet known though the variety may be a color mutation.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ www.comunas.it :: Comune di Monti (Italian)
  4. ^
  5. ^ J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pgs 140-141, 1129, 1076 Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2

External links

  • (Italian) Italian DOC and DOCG wines using the vermentino grape from the website of the Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
  • (Italian) Italian IGT wines using the vermentino grape from the website of the Italian Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
  • (English) History, viticulture, winemaking and flavors of Vermentino from the Tablas Creek Vineyard website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.