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William Henry Dietz

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Title: William Henry Dietz  
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Subject: 1916 Rose Bowl, Washington State Cougars football, List of Washington Redskins head coaches, Purdue Boilermakers football, Native American mascot controversy
Collection: 1884 Births, 1964 Deaths, Albright Lions Football Coaches, Carlisle Indians Football Coaches, Carlisle Indians Football Players, College Football Hall of Fame Inductees, Haskell Indian Nations Fighting Indians Football Coaches, Louisiana Tech Bulldogs Baseball Coaches, Louisiana Tech Bulldogs Football Coaches, Ole Miss Rebels Football Coaches, People from Barron County, Wisconsin, Players of American Football from Wisconsin, Purdue Boilermakers Football Coaches, Washington Redskins Coaches, Washington State Cougars Football Coaches, Wyoming Cowboys Football Coaches
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

William Henry Dietz

William Henry Dietz
Dietz, as a member of the Carlisle football team between 1909 and 1912
Sport(s) Football, baseball
Biographical details
Born (1884-08-17)August 17, 1884
Rice Lake, Wisconsin
Died July 20, 1964(1964-07-20) (aged 79)
Reading, Pennsylvania
Playing career
1909–1912 Carlisle Indian
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
1915–1917 Washington State
1921 Purdue
1922–1923 Louisiana Tech
1924–1926 Wyoming
1929–1932 Haskell
1933–1934 Boston Redskins
1936 Ole Miss (assistant)
1937–1942 Albright
1923 Louisiana Tech
Head coaching record
Overall 96–62–8 (college football)
16–6 (college baseball)
11–11–2 (NFL)
Bowls 1–0
College Football Data Warehouse
Accomplishments and honors
1 PCC (1917)
College Football Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2012 (profile)

William Henry "Lone Star" Dietz (August 17, 1884 – July 20, 1964) was an American football player and coach. He served as the head football coach at Washington State University (1915–1917), Purdue University (1921), Louisiana Tech University (1922–1923), University of Wyoming (1924–1926), Haskell Institute—now Haskell Indian Nations University (1929–1932), and Albright College (1937–1942). From 1933 to 1934, Dietz was the head coach of the National Football League's Boston Redskins, where he tallied a mark of 11–11–2. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 2012.

Dietz's true identity remains highly controversial. Although he is recognized as an "Indian athlete" by Dan Snyder, owner of the Washington Redskins, Indian Country Today Media Network ran a series of articles in 2004 exposing Dietz as a white man masquerading as an Indian.[1] In 1988, the National Congress of American Indians attempted to meet and discuss the issue with the team’s former owner, Jack Kent Cooke, but Cooke refused a meeting.


  • Playing career 1
  • Coaching career 2
  • Recognition 3
  • Personal life 4
  • Nickname 5
  • Contested heritage 6
  • Head coaching record 7
    • College football 7.1
    • NFL 7.2
    • College baseball 7.3
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

Playing career

Dietz played at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, with teammate Jim Thorpe, under famed coach Pop Warner.[2]

Coaching career

Boston Braves sought to rename the franchise in 1933 after leaving the stadium they shared with the baseball team of the same name. Marshall was said to have named the Redskins in honor of Dietz, who claimed to be of the Sioux Nation, by analogy with the Red Sox who shared the team's new home, Fenway Park.[3] A 1933 news article quotes Marshall as saying he named the team because of real Indians on the team. However, Marshall is only talking about why he specifically chose Redskins. Dietz was hired before the name change and is cited in many articles and by Marshall as being a reason he kept the Native American theme when changing the team name.[4][5]


Dietz was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2012.

Personal life

Historian Linda M. Waggoner has traced Dietz' heritage in several articles in Indian Country Today Media Network and at a 2013 symposium at the National Museum of the American Indian. He was born William Henry Dietz, or “Willie,” on August 17, 1884, in Rice Lake, Wisconsin, at 16 West Humbird Street. His father William Wallace Dietz, settled in the area in 1871 and was elected county sheriff in 1877. He married Leanna Ginder in November 1879. "Willie" attended Oklahoma’s Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, where it is likely he feigned some kind of Indian identity for the first time. As Waggoner wrote, "Naturally, visitors to the St. Louis World’s Fair exhibit, including Dietz’s future wife, Winnebago artist Angel De Cora (1871-1919), thought Dietz was a Chilocco student."[6]

In 1921, Dietz took a coaching position with Boston Braves, hired Dietz to replace Coach Lud Wray. In 1937, the team moved to Washington, D.C.[7]

For the rest of his life, Dietz continued to promote himself as Lone Star Dietz, the son of W.W. and Julia One Star of Pine Ridge. He took on his last coaching job in 1937 for Albright College in Pennsylvania; in 1964, still married to Doris, Dietz died in Reading, Pennsylvania. He and Doris were so poor that former teammates purchased his headstone. It reads: “William ‘Lone Star’ Dietz born in South Dakota.”[8]


Dietz named himself "Lone Star" after James One Star, the alleged nephew of an Oglala Buffalo Bill Performer sometime after the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair. "Lone Star" and "One Star" are the same name in Oglala.

Contested heritage

Dietz's Indian heritage was first contested in 1916 after former neighbors who settled on the Pacific Coast heard he was posing as an Indian. In December 1918 the Federal Bureau of Investigation looked into his heritage after he fraudulently registered for the draft as a "Non-Citizen Indian" with an allotment. The Bureau found he had taken on the identity of James One Star, an Oglala man of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation 12 years his senior who had disappeared in 1894. Dietz also falsely claimed he was the head of an American film company that produced propaganda films for the war.

Dietz divorced De Cora in November 1918, charging her with abandonment. It is not clear how much she knew about his true identity. She died six days after his indictment.

Dietz was tried in Spokane, Washington in June 1919 for the first offense. One Star's sister, Sallie Eaglehorse, testified after seeing him for the first time at the trial that Dietz was definitely not her brother. Still, the judge instructed the jury to determine whether Dietz "believed" he was an Indian, not whether it was true. Despite that others had witnessed his birth in the summer of 1884 or had seen him the following day, Dietz's mother Leanna claimed he was the Indian son of her husband who had been switched a week or more after she had a stillbirth. Dietz's acting ability along with his mother's fallacious testimony (to protect him from prison) resulted in a hung jury, but Dietz was immediately re-indicted. The second trial resulted in a sentence of 30 days in the Spokane County Jail after he pleaded "no contest".[9]

Head coaching record

College football

Year Team Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs
Washington State Cougars (Independent) (1915–1916)
1915 Washington State 7–0 W Rose
1916 Washington State 4–2
Washington State Cougars (Pacific Coast Conference) (1917)
1917 Washington State 6–0–1 3–0 1st
Washington State: 17–2–1 3–0
Purdue Boilermakers (Big Ten Conference) (1921)
1921 Purdue 1–6 1–4 T–8th
Purdue: 1–6 1–4
Louisiana Tech Bulldogs (Louisiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association) (1922–1923)
1922 Louisiana Tech 5–1–1 1–1–1 3rd
1923 Louisiana Tech 6–2 2–1 T–2nd
Louisiana Tech: 11–3–1
Wyoming Cowboys (Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference) (1924–1926)
1924 Wyoming 2–6 2–6 10th
1925 Wyoming 6–3 4–3 5th
1926 Wyoming 2–4–2 1–2–2 8th
Wyoming: 10–13–2 7–11–2
Haskell Fighting Indians () (1929–1932)
Haskell: 26–15–2
Albright Lions () (1937–1942)
1937 Albright 7–0–1
1938 Albright 4–5–1
1939 Albright 5–4
1940 Albright 5–5
1941 Albright 6–4
1942 Albright 4–5
Albright: 31–23–2
Total: 96–62–8


Year Team Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs
Boston Redskins (Eastern) (1933–1934)
1933 Boston Redskins 5–5–2 3rd
1934 Boston Redskins 6–6 2nd
Boston Redskins: 11–11–2
Total: 11–11–2

College baseball

Season Team Overall Conference Standing Postseason
Louisiana Tech Bulldogs () (1923)
1923 Louisiana Tech 16–6
Louisiana Tech: 16–6
Total: 16–6


  1. ^ Linda M. Waggoner, Reclaiming James One Star, Indian Country Today Media Network, 5 pt. series, July 2, 12, 20, 27, Aug. 8, 2004.
  2. ^ Richard Leiby (November 6, 2013). "The legend of Lone Star Dietz: Redskins namesake, coach — and possible impostor?". The Washington Post. 
  3. ^ The Racist Redskins
  4. ^
  5. ^ McCartney, Robert (May 28, 2014). "1933 news article refutes cherished tale that Redskins were named to honor Indian coach". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ Linda M. Waggoner, "On Trial The Washington R*dskins' Wily Mascot: Coach William Lone Star Dietz", Montana: The Magazine of Western History, Spring 2013, pp. 24-47. Available at
  7. ^ Waggoner, "On Trial: The Washington Redskins Wily Mascot"
  8. ^ Waggoner, "On Trial: The Washington R*dskins Wily Mascot"
  9. ^ Waggoner, "On Trial: The Washington R*dskins Wily Mascot"

Further reading

  • Keep A-goin': the life of Lone Star Dietz (2006) ISBN 0-9774486-1-4, hardback; ISBN 0-9774486-0-6, softcover (2006)
  • Doctors, Lawyers, Indian Chiefs (2008) ISBN 978-0-9774486-7-8 softcover devotes a chapter to Lone Star Dietz
  • At last, Lone Star in the Hall of Fame (May 22, 2012 by

External links

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