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Title: Çamoluk  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tirebolu, Yağlıdere, Görele, Espiye, Giresun
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Çamoluk is located in Turkey
Country  Turkey
Region Black Sea
Province Giresun
 • Mayor Savaş Akarçeşme (AKP)
 • District 400.82 km2 (154.76 sq mi)
Elevation 1,140 m (3,740 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 1,762
 • District 5,982
 • District density 15/km2 (39/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 28710
Area code(s) 0454
Licence plate 28
Climate Csb

Çamoluk is a town and a district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

Being 180 km inland, in a valley of the upper Kelkit River, Çamoluk is different in landscape, climate and lifestyle from the city of Giresun and the other districts on the Black Sea coast.


The valley of the Kelkit has been a passage to the Black Sea coast for thousands of years, was once part of the Roman Empire and from 381 the succeeding Byzantine Empire. Arab invaders occupied the valley in 778 followed by early settlements of the Oghuz Turks. Fighting between Turks and Byzantines continued in this corner of Anatolia for centuries, beyond the arrival of the Seljuk Turkish armies of Toğrül Bey in 1058, and the foundation of the Empire of Trebizond of which Çamoluk was part. The castle was built by the Greeks of Trebizond in 1204 to defend the valley from further waves of Seljuk invaders.

In 1464 Sultan Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire

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