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.300 Winchester Short Magnum

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Title: .300 Winchester Short Magnum  
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Subject: List of rifle cartridges, Winchester Short Magnum, FN Special Police Rifle, .300 Remington SA Ultra Mag, Browning BLR, .300 H&H Magnum
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.300 Winchester Short Magnum

.300 Winchester Short Magnum
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From left to right: .300 Winchester Magnum, .300 WSM, .308 Winchester, .223 Remington
Type Rifle
Place of originUSA
Production history
DesignerWinchester
ManufacturerWinchester
Produced2001
Specifications
Bullet diameterTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Neck diameterTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Shoulder diameterTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Base diameterTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Rim diameterTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Rim thicknessTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Case lengthTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Overall lengthTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Case capacityTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Rifling twist1-10"
Primer typeLarge rifle magnum
Maximum pressureTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/convert
Template:Infobox firearm cartridge/ballistics header Template:Infobox firearm cartridge/ballisticsTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/ballisticsTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/ballisticsTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/ballisticsTemplate:Infobox firearm cartridge/ballistics
Test barrel length: 24"
Source(s): Reloading data at Accurate Powder

.300 Winchester Short Magnum (also known as .300 WSM) is a .30 caliber rebated rim bottlenecked centerfire short magnum cartridge that was introduced in 2001 by Winchester.[1] The cartridge overall length is 72.64 mm, cartridge case is 53.34 mm in length and the bullet diameter is .308 in (7.62 mm), which is common to all U.S. .30 caliber cartridges. The principle at work in the short magnum cartridge is the advantage of fitting larger volumes of powder in closer proximity to the primer's flash hole, resulting in more uniform, consistent ignition. In field use, this round mirrors the performance of its older counterpart, the .300 Winchester Magnum, which is based on a modified .375 Holland & Holland belted magnum casing.

The advantage to this round is ballistics that are nearly identical to the .300 Winchester Magnum, but in a lighter rifle with a shorter action. A disadvantage of cartridge case designs with relatively large case head diameters lies in relatively high bolt thrust levels exerted on the locking mechanism of the employed fire arm.

Use and performance

The .300 WSM is used in the Western United States for elk, mule deer, and whitetail and on the plains, where long range shooting is almost always a must. While being relatively new cartridge, the .300 WSM has already had some success in benchrest shooting, although flatter trajectory rounds such as the 7 mm WSM, .270 WSM, etc., are normally preferred.

As with all high speed large game rounds, bullet construction plays a major role in terminal ballistic performance. If the gun is accurate enough for its intended purpose, what will make or break it is what the bullet does when it strikes its intended target. High velocity—extremely high in this case—cartridges have a set of problems all their own. If a bullet intended to perform perfectly in a lower velocity cartridge of the same caliber (such as .308 Winchester, or .30-06 Springfield) is used in the .300 WSM, the result is fragmentation and a shallow cavity; i.e. essentially a massive surface crater with poor penetration. With the right bullets, the .300 WSM is a devastating round on medium to heavy North American game animals.[2] [3] The actual bullet diameter used in this cartridge is .308 inches. Care should be taken to avoid using improper ammunition.

Muzzle velocity

  • 10.69 g (165 gr) Full Metal Jacket(FMJ): 3,223 ft/s (982 m/s)
  • 11.66 g (180 gr) Full Metal Jacket(FMJ): 3,095 ft/s (943 m/s)

Comparison

.300 WSM performance comparisons [4]
Cartridge Bullet Weight (gr) Muzzle velocity (ft/s) Muzzle energy (ft·lbf)
.300 WSM 200 2822 3536
.300 RSAUM 200 2790 3456
.300 Win Mag 200 2850 3607
.300 Wby Mag 200 3060 4158
.300 RUM 200 3154 4417
.30-06 Springfield 200 2569 2930

See also

References

External links

Template:Winchester Cartridges Firearms
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