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1-Decanol

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Title: 1-Decanol  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Fatty alcohols, Alcohols, 1-Hexacosanol, 2-Methyl-2-pentanol, 1-Octacosanol
Collection: Alkanols, Fatty Alcohols, Primary Alcohols
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1-Decanol

1-Decanol[1]
Skeletal formula
Space-filling model
Identifiers
CAS number  YesY
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
UNII  YesY
KEGG  YesY
ChEBI  YesY
ChEMBL  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H22O
Molar mass 158.28 g/mol
Appearance Viscous liquid
Density 0.8297 g/cm³
Melting point 6.4 °C (43.5 °F; 279.5 K)
Boiling point 232.9 °C (451.2 °F; 506.0 K)
Solubility in water Insoluble
Viscosity 12.048 mPa.s (@ 25 °C)
Hazards
MSDS Oxford MSDS
Flash point 108 °C (226 °F; 381 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY   YesY/N?)

1-Decanol is a straight chain fatty alcohol with ten carbon atoms and the molecular formula C10H21OH. It is a colorless viscous liquid that is insoluble in water and has a strong odor.[2] The interfacial tension against water at 20 °C is 8.97 mN/m.

Uses

Decanol is used in the manufacture of plasticizers, lubricants, surfactants and solvents.

Toxicity

Decanol causes a high irritability to skin and eyes, when splashed into the eyes it can cause permanent damage. Inhalation and ingestion can be harmful; it can also function as a narcotic. It is harmful in the environment.[3]

References

  1. ^ Merck Index, 12th Edition, 2911.
  2. ^ ICSC [1]
  3. ^ MSDS Safety Sheet [2]
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