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1901

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1901

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1870s  1880s  1890s  – 1900s –  1910s  1920s  1930s
Years: 1898 1899 190019011902 1903 1904
1901 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1901
MCMI
Ab urbe condita 2654
Armenian calendar 1350
ԹՎ ՌՅԾ
Assyrian calendar 6651
Bahá'í calendar 57–58
Bengali calendar 1308
Berber calendar 2851
British Regnal year 64 Vict. 1 – 1 Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar 2445
Burmese calendar 1263
Byzantine calendar 7409–7410
Chinese calendar 庚子(Metal Rat)
4597 or 4537
    — to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
4598 or 4538
Coptic calendar 1617–1618
Discordian calendar 3067
Ethiopian calendar 1893–1894
Hebrew calendar 5661–5662
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1957–1958
 - Shaka Samvat 1823–1824
 - Kali Yuga 5002–5003
Holocene calendar 11901
Igbo calendar 901–902
Iranian calendar 1279–1280
Islamic calendar 1318–1319
Japanese calendar Meiji 34
(明治34年)
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4234
Minguo calendar 11 before ROC
民前11年
Thai solar calendar 2444

1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar. This was the first year of the 20th century.

Events

January

January 22: King Edward VII ascends the British throne and also becomes Emperor of India.

February

  • February 2 – Funeral of Hay–Pauncefote Treaty signed by United Kingdom and United States, ceding control of the Panama Canal to the United States.
  • J. P. Morgan buys mines and steel mills in the United States, marking the first billion dollar business deal.
  • In Evansville, Indiana, a fire burns through the business district, causing $175,000 of damage.
  • February 6 – First public telephones at railway stations in Paris.
  • February 11 – Anti-Jesuit riots sweep across Spain.
  • February 12 – Viceroy of India Lord Curzon creates the new North-West Frontier Province in the north of the Punjab region, bordering Afghanistan.
  • February 14 – Edward VII opens his first parliament of the United Kingdom.
  • February 15 – The Alianza Lima Foundation is created in Peru.
  • February 20 – The Hawaii Territory Legislature convenes for the first time.
  • February 22 – The Pacific Mail Steamship Company's SS City of Rio de Janeiro sinks entering San Francisco Bay, killing 128.
  • February 23 – The United Kingdom and Germany agree the frontier between German East Africa and the British colony of Nyasaland.
  • February 25 – J. P. Morgan as the first billion-dollar corporation.
  • February 26
  • February 27 – The Sultan of Turkey orders 50,000 troops to the Bulgarian frontier because of unrest in Macedonia
  • March

    March 6: Wilhelm II, German Emperor, survives an assassination attempt.

    April

    May

    June

    June
    • Emily Hobhouse reports on the genocide in the 45 British concentration camps for Boer women and children in South Africa in which, over an 18 month period, 26,370 people would die, 24,000 of them children under 16. Exact mortality figures in the 64 concentration camps for black displaced farm workers and their families are not known, but even worse.[2]
    • June 2 – Katsura Tarō becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
    • June 12 – Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.
    June 12: Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.

    July

    August

    Silliman University is the first American private school in the Philippines.

    September

    September 7: The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
    September 14: Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States on the death of William McKinley.

    October

    November

    December

    • December 3 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".
    • December 10 – The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.
    • December 12 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal, sent from Poldhu in England to Newfoundland, Canada; it is the letter "S" in Morse.[5]
    • December 20 – The final spike is driven into the Mombasa–Victoria–Uganda Railway in what is now Kisumu, Kenya.
    • December 22 – Peace Sunday and Charles Aked, a Baptist minister in Liverpool, says about the war in South Africa: "Great Britain cannot win the battles without resorting to the last despicable cowardice of the most loathsome cur on earth — the act of striking a brave man's heart through his wife's honour and his child's life. The cowardly war has been conducted by methods of barbarism... the concentration camps have been Murder Camps." A crowd follows him home and breaks the windows of his house.[6]

    Date unknown

    Births

    January–February

    March–April

    May–June

    July–August

    September–October

    November–December

    Deaths

    January–June

    July–December

    Nobel Prizes

    Significance of 1901 for modern computers

    The date of Friday December 13 20:45:52 1901 is significant for modern computers because it is the earliest date representable with a signed 32-bit integer on systems that reference time in seconds since the Unix epoch. This corresponds to -2147483648 seconds from Thursday January 1 00:00:00 1970. For the same reason, many computers are also unable to represent an earlier date. For related reasons, many computer systems suffer from the Year 2038 problem. This is when the positive number of seconds since 1970 exceeds 2147483647 (01111111 11111111 11111111 11111111 in binary) and wraps to -2147483648. Hence the computer system erroneously displays or operates on the time Friday December 13 20:45:52 1901. In this way, the year 1900 is to the Year 2000 problem as the year 1901 is to the Year 2038 problem.

    References

    1. ^ Grant, Neil (1993). Chronicle of 20th Century Conflict. New York City: Reed International Books Ltd. & SMITHMARK Publishers Inc. pp. 18–19.  
    2. ^ Pakenham 1979
    3. ^ "NHI Resolution No.7, Series 2002". National Historical Institute. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
    4. ^ "Alois Alzheimer".  
    5. ^ Bussey, Gordon (2000). Marconi's Atlantic Leap. Coventry: Marconi.  
    6. ^ "Women & Children in White Concentration Camps during the Anglo-Boer War". White Concentration Camps: Anglo-Boer War: 1900–1902. South African History Online. Retrieved 25 October 2010. 
    • Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia...1901 (1902); highly detailed compilation of facts and primary documents; worldwide coverage online edition
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