World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake

Article Id: WHEBN0017743962
Reproduction Date:

Title: 1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2012 Haida Gwaii earthquake, Queen Charlotte Fault, 1949 in Canada, Moresby Island, 1944 Cornwall–Massena earthquake
Collection: 1949 Earthquakes, 1949 in Canada, 1949 Tsunamis, Earthquakes in British Columbia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake

1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake
1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake is located in British Columbia
1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake
Date August 22, 1949 UTC (1949-08-22)
Origin time 4:01:18 a.m. UTC [1]
Magnitude 8.1 Ms
Epicenter
Type Strike-slip
Areas affected Canada
Max. intensity VIII (Severe)
Tsunami .61 m (2 ft 0 in) [2]
Aftershocks 6.3 Mw Aug 23 at 8:24:35 UTC [1]
Casualties None

The 1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake struck the sparsely populated Queen Charlotte Islands and the Pacific Northwest coast at 8:01 p.m. PDT on August 21. The shock had a surface wave magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of VIII (Severe).

The interplate earthquake began in the ocean bottom just off the rugged coast of Graham Island. It ruptured along the Queen Charlotte Fault both northward and southward more than 500 km (311 mi). Shaking was felt throughout British Columbia, parts of Washington, Oregon, Alberta, the Yukon, and Alaska.[3] No deaths were reported in this earthquake.

Contents

  • Earthquake 1
  • Damage 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Earthquake

The 1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake was caused by a rupture on the Queen Charlotte Fault, which forms part of the boundary between the Pacific and North American plates. This fault runs from northern Vancouver Island, west of the Queen Charlotte Islands, up to the Gulf of Alaska. The earthquake ruptured the fault for a distance more than 500 km (311 mi).

Because this quake occurred before the modern surface wave magnitude scale was developed and widely implemented, this earthquake may have only had the same overall intensity as the 2012 Haida Gwaii earthquake. In future there may be some research done to compare the two earthquake events.

This earthquake, larger than the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, is Canada's largest earthquake recorded by seismometers. However, the greatest earthquake in Canadian history was the 1700 Cascadia earthquake, a megathrust earthquake that occurred along the Pacific Northwest coast from Northern California to southwestern British Columbia which reached magnitude 9 on the Richter magnitude scale.[4]

Damage

Although nobody was killed in this earthquake, people and animals were knocked off their feet and there were landslides and other damage. Chimneys tumbled, and an oil tank at Cumshewa Inlet collapsed.

In the service community of Terrace, away on the mainland, cars were bounced around, and standing on the street was described as "like being on the heaving deck of a ship at sea".[3] In the port city of Prince Rupert, windows were destroyed and buildings swung.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ EnviroZine: Environment Canada's Online Newsmagazine Retrieved on 2008-06-03
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.