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1956 U.S. Open (golf)

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1956 U.S. Open (golf)

1956 U.S. Open
Tournament information
Dates June 14–16, 1956
Location Rochester, New York
Course(s) Oak Hill Country Club
East Course
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
Statistics
Par 70
Length 6,902 yards (6,311 m)[1]
Field 159 players, 51 after cut
Cut 149 (+9)
Prize fund $24,000
Winner's share $6,000
Champion
Cary Middlecoff
281 (+1)
«1955
1957»
Oak Hill CC is located in United States
Oak Hill CC
Oak Hill CC
Location in the United States

The 1956 U.S. Open was the 56th U.S. Open, held June 14–16 at the East Course of Oak Hill Country Club near Rochester, New York. Cary Middlecoff won his second U.S. Open title, one stroke ahead of runners-up Julius Boros and Ben Hogan, both former champions.[1][2]

Middlecoff began the final round with a two-stroke lead over Hogan, Ted Kroll, and Wes Ellis. After an erratic finish where he bogeyed 16 and 17, he carded a third consecutive round of even-par 70 to post a 281 (+1) total and waited. Hogan, pursuing his record fifth U.S. Open, had a chance to tie Middlecoff but missed a 4-foot (1.2 m) par putt on the 17th to finish one back. Boros also had a chance to catch Middlecoff, but missed a 15-foot (4.6 m) birdie on the last and also finished a stroke behind. The last contender on the course, Kroll led by a stroke after a birdie at the 14th hole, but immediately followed it with a bogey and triple bogey and finished four strokes back.[1][2]

Reigning British Open champion Peter Thomson made a rare appearance in the United States and finished tied for fourth, his best finish at any other major. He was the 36-hole leader by a stroke over Hogan,[3] but fell back after a four-over 39 on the back nine in the third round.[4] Thomson won five British Opens, and his third consecutive (195456) came three weeks later at Royal Liverpool.

Several future champions made their mark at this U.S. Open. Arnold Palmer, 26, recorded the first of his thirteen top ten finishes at the U.S. Open, six strokes back in seventh place. Ken Venturi captured low-amateur honors in eighth place, two months after he lost a four-stroke lead at The Masters with an 80 in the final round. Billy Casper, 24, made his major championship debut and finished 14th.

Defending champion Jack Fleck, who upset Hogan in a Sunday playoff the year before at Olympic, shot 76-74 and missed the cut by a stroke. Jack Burke, Jr., winner of the Masters two months earlier, also missed with a 152.[3]

A record-setting 13,914 were in attendance for the final two rounds on Saturday.[1]

This was the first of three U.S. Opens at the East Course at Oak Hill; Lee Trevino won in 1968 and Curtis Strange successfully defended in 1989. It also hosted the PGA Championship in 1980, 2003, and 2013, and the Ryder Cup in 1995.

Round summaries

First round

Thursday, June 14, 1956
Place Player Country Score To par
1 Bob Rosburg  United States 68 –2
2 Peter Thomson  Australia 70 E
T3 Errie Ball  Wales 71 +1
Julius Boros  United States
Wes Ellis  United States
Doug Ford  United States
Ed Furgol  United States
Jay Hebert  United States
Cary Middlecoff  United States
T10 Jerry Barber  United States 72 +2
Al Brosch  United States
Dave Douglas  United States
Fred Haas  United States
E. J. Harrison  United States
Ben Hogan  United States
Bill Hyndman (a)  United States
Ted Kroll  United States
Billy Maxwell  United States
Arnold Palmer  United States
Frank Taylor, Jr. (a)  United States

Second round

Friday, June 15, 1956
Place Player Country Score To par
1 Peter Thomson  Australia 70-69=139 –1
2 Ben Hogan  United States 72-68=140 E
T3 Jerry Barber  United States 72-69=141 +1
Wes Ellis  United States 71-70=141
Ed Furgol  United States 71-70=141
Cary Middlecoff  United States 71-70=141
T7 Julius Boros  United States 71-71=142 +2
Ted Kroll  United States 72-70=142
Arnold Palmer  United States 72-70=142
T10 Fred Haas  United States 72-71=143 +3
Billy Maxwell  United States 72-71=143
Frank Taylor, Jr. (a)  United States 72-71=143

Source:[3]

Amateurs: Taylor (+3), Ward (+7), Hyndman (+8), Patton (+8), Venturi (+8), Garrett (+9), Magee (+10), Ervasti (+11), Rodgers (+11), Simmons (+11), Dahlbender (+12), Holland (+12), Croonquist (+15), Shields (+16), Kuntz (+17), Moore Jr (+18), Aldrich (+19), Dixon (+20), Kelly (+23), Beman (+24), Myers (+25), Kleist (+27), Deal (+30), Watson (+34), Mandeville (+35), Brownell (WD).

Third round

Saturday, June 16, 1956 - (morning)
Place Player Country Score To par
1 Cary Middlecoff  United States 71-70-70=211 +1
T2 Wes Ellis  United States 71-70-71=212 +2
Ben Hogan  United States 72-68-72=212
Ted Kroll  United States 72-70-70=212
5 Julius Boros  United States 71-71-71=213 +3
T6 Ed Furgol  United States 71-70-73=214 +4
Arnold Palmer  United States 72-70-72=214
Peter Thomson  Australia 70-69-75=214
T9 Jerry Barber  United States 72-69-74=215 +5
Fred Haas  United States 72-71-72=215

Final round

Saturday, June 16, 1956 - (afternoon)
Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
1 Cary Middlecoff  United States 71-70-70-70=281 +1 6,000
T2 Julius Boros  United States 71-71-71-69=282 +2 2,650
Ben Hogan  United States 72-68-72-70=282
T4 Ed Furgol  United States 71-70-73-71=285 +5 1,033
Ted Kroll  United States 72-70-70-73=285
Peter Thomson  Australia 70-69-75-71=285
7 Arnold Palmer  United States 72-70-72-73=287 +7 600
8 Ken Venturi (a)  United States 77-71-68-73=289 +9 0
T9 Jerry Barber  United States 72-69-74-75=290 +10 416
Wes Ellis  United States 71-70-71-78=290
Doug Ford  United States 71-75-70-74=290

Source:[2][5]

Amateurs: Venturi (+9), Patton (+12), Taylor Jr (+18), Hyndman (+20), Ward (+25), Garrett (+29).

References

  1. ^ a b c d
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links

  • USGA Championship Database
  • About.com: 1956 U.S. Open
  • USOpen.com – 1956

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