World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

1995 Constitution of Ethiopia

Article Id: WHEBN0023766514
Reproduction Date:

Title: 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Constitutions of Ethiopia, Government of Ethiopia, Federal Parliamentary Assembly, Politics of Ethiopia, Human rights in Ethiopia
Collection: 1995 in Ethiopia, Constitutions of Ethiopia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

1995 Constitution of Ethiopia

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ethiopia

The Constitution of Ethiopia, which is the supreme law of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, was adopted by the Transitional Government of Ethiopia in December 1994 and came into force in August 1995. The constitution was drawn up by the Constituent Assembly elected in June of that year.[1]

The constitution consists of 106 articles in 11 chapters. It provides for a federal government of nine ethnic-based regions governed by a parliament divided into a House of Peoples' Representatives and House of Federation. The constitution expressly provides for a set of basic human rights; Article 13 specifies that these rights and freedoms will be interpreted according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other international instruments adopted by Ethiopia. The document further guarantees that all Ethiopian languages will enjoy equal state recognition, although Amharic is specified as the working language of the federal government. Ethiopia has a tradition of highly personal and strongly centralized government, a pattern the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (the coalition presently in government) has followed despite constitutional limits on federal power.[1]

The first elections held under the provisions of the 1995 Constitution were the 2000 general elections; the 1995 general elections were held in May, three months before this constitution came into force.

This constitution remains, as of 2014, the fundamental law of Ethiopia.

References

  1. ^ a b Ethiopia country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (April 2005).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links

  • Constitution of Ethiopia


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.