World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0025436496
Reproduction Date:

Title: 2-Methyl-1-butanol  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alcohols, 1-Hexacosanol, 2-Methyl-2-pentanol, 1-Decanol, 1-Octacosanol
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


CAS number  YesY
ChemSpider  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C5H12O
Molar mass 88.148 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.8152 g/cm3
Melting point −117.2 °C (−179.0 °F; 156.0 K)
Boiling point 127.5 °C (261.5 °F; 400.7 K)
Solubility in water 31 g/L
Solubility miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether; very soluble in acetone
Vapor pressure 3 mm Hg
Viscosity 4.453 mPa·s
Std enthalpy of
-356.6 kJ·mol-1 (liquid)
-301.4 kJ·mol-1 (gas)
Related compounds
Related compounds Amyl alcohol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY   YesY/N?)

2-Methyl-1-butanol (chemical compound.

It is one of the components of the aroma of Tuber melanosporum, the black truffle.


It is used as a solvent and an intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals. 2-Methyl-1-butanol is a component of many mixtures of amyl alcohols sold industrially.


2-Methyl-1-butanol can be derived from fusel oil (because it occurs naturally in fruits such as grapes[3]) or manufactured by either the oxo process or via the halogenation of pentane.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 3–374, 5–42, 6–188, 8–102, 16–22,  
  2. ^ a b McKetta, John J.; Cunningham, William Aaron (1977), Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design 3, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 279–280,  
  3. ^ Howard, Philip H. (1993), Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals 4, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 392–396,  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.