World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

2012 In Film

List of years in film (table)
In home video
In television

The following is an overview of the events of 2012 in film, including the highest-grossing films, award ceremonies and festivals, a list of films released and notable deaths.

Six box-office blockbusters from previous years (Beauty and the Beast, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Titanic, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Finding Nemo, and Monsters, Inc.) were re-released in 3D and/or IMAX. 2012 also marked the debut for High Frame Rate technology. The first film using 48 fps image capture and projection, a higher frame rate than the film industry standard 24 fps, was The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey.

Paramount Pictures and Universal Pictures celebrated their 100th anniversaries in 2012, while the James Bond series celebrated its 50th anniversary and released its 23rd film, Skyfall.


  • Highest-grossing films 1
    • 2012 box office records 1.1
  • Events 2
  • Awards 3
  • 2012 films 4
    • January–March 4.1
    • April–June 4.2
    • July–September 4.3
    • October–December 4.4
  • Notable deaths 5
  • References 6

Highest-grossing films

The top ten films released in 2012 by worldwide gross are as follows:

Highest-grossing films of 2012[1]
Rank Title Studio Worldwide gross
1 The Avengers Marvel Studios $1,519,557,910
2 Skyfall MGM / Columbia $1,108,561,013
3 The Dark Knight Rises Warner Bros. / Legendary $1,084,939,099
4 The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Warner Bros. / MGM / New Line $1,021,103,568
5 Ice Age: Continental Drift Fox / Blue Sky $877,244,782
6 The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2 Lionsgate / Summit $829,746,820
7 The Amazing Spider-Man Columbia $757,930,663
8 Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted Paramount / DreamWorks $746,921,274
9 The Hunger Games Lionsgate $694,394,724
10 Men in Black 3 Columbia $624,026,776

The Hunger Games was the first film since Avatar to place at No. 1 for four consecutive weekends at the North American box office. After being re-released in 3-D in 2012, two films reached significant milestones: Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace grossed $1.027 billion, becoming the eleventh film to surpass the $1 billion mark, and Titanic grossed $2.185 billion, becoming the second film to surpass the $2 billion mark, following Avatar. For the first time in history, four films that were released during the same year reached $1 billion. The Avengers grossed $1.519 billion and is the third highest-grossing film worldwide (twelfth film to reach $1 billion). Skyfall grossed over $1.1 billion and is the tenth highest-grossing film worldwide (fourteenth film to reach $1 billion). The Dark Knight Rises grossed $1.084 billion and is the eleventh highest-grossing film worldwide (thirteenth film to reach $1 billion). The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey grossed over $1.017 billion and is the eighteenth highest-grossing film worldwide (fifteenth film to reach $1 billion). Two other films (Ice Age: Continental Drift and Breaking Dawn – Part 2) are also among the 50 highest-grossing films of all time. Ice Age: Continental Drift has become the eighth highest grossing animated film and Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted is the eleventh highest grossing animated film. Fiver other films (Brave, Wreck-It Ralph, The Lorax, and Hotel Transylvania) are also among the top 50 highest-grossing animated films.

2012 box office records

  • It has the greatest number of films crossing the $1 billion mark(tied with 2015), with four films. It is also the second year, after 2010, in which two films released by the same studio have grossed over $1 billion, the studio being Warner Bros. in this case.
  • 2012 holds the record of having the most number of films(6) in the top 50 highest-grossing films of all time.
  • With 226 million admissions (1,900 million USD) in the world for French films in 2012 (582 films released in 84 countries), including 82[2] million admissions in France (700 million USD), 2012 was the fourth best year since 1985. With 144 million admissions outside of France (1,200 million USD),[3] 2012 was the best year since at least 1994 (since Unifrance collects data),[4] and the French cinema reached a market share of 2.95% of worldwide admissions and of 4.86% of worldwide sales.[5][6] Three films particularly contributed to this record year: Taken 2, The Intouchables and The Artist.[7] In 2012, films shot in French ranked 4th in admissions (145 million) behind films shot in English (more than a billion admissions in the US alone), Hindi (?: no accurate data but estimated at 3 billion for the whole India/Indian languages) and Chinese (275 million in China plus a few million abroad), but above films shot in Korean (115 million admissions in South Korea plus a few millions abroad) and Japanese (102 million admissions in Japan plus a few million abroad,[8][9] a record since 1973 et its 104 million admissions). French-language movies ranked 2nd at in export (outside of French-speaking countries) after films in English.



Category/Organization 18th Critics' Choice Awards
January 10, 2013
70th Golden Globe Awards
January 13, 2013
19th Screen Actors Guild Awards
January 27, 2013
66th BAFTA Awards
February 10, 2013
85th Academy Awards
February 24, 2013
Drama Musical or Comedy
Best Film Argo Les Misérables N/A Argo
Best Director Ben Affleck
N/A Ben Affleck
Ang Lee
Life of Pi
Best Actor Daniel Day-Lewis
Hugh Jackman
Les Misérables
Daniel Day-Lewis
Best Actress Jessica Chastain
Zero Dark Thirty
Jennifer Lawrence
Silver Linings Playbook
Emmanuelle Riva
Jennifer Lawrence
Silver Linings Playbook
Best Supporting Actor Philip Seymour Hoffman
The Master
Christoph Waltz
Django Unchained
Tommy Lee Jones
Christoph Waltz
Django Unchained
Best Supporting Actress Anne Hathaway
Les Misérables
Best Screenplay, Adapted Tony Kushner
Quentin Tarantino
Django Unchained
N/A David O. Russell
Silver Linings Playbook
Chris Terrio
Best Screenplay, Original Quentin Tarantino
Django Unchained
N/A Quentin Tarantino
Django Unchained
Best Animated Film Wreck-It Ralph Brave N/A Brave
Best Original Score Lincoln
John Williams
Life of Pi
Mychael Danna
N/A Skyfall
Thomas Newman
Life of Pi
Mychael Danna
Best Original Song "Skyfall"
N/A N/A "Skyfall"
Best Foreign Language Film Amour N/A Amour

2012 films


Opening Title Studio Cast and crew Genre Ref.
6 The Devil Inside Paramount Pictures / Insurge Pictures William Brent Bell (director/screenplay); Matthew Peterman (screenplay); Suzan Crowley, Fernanda Andrade, Simon Quarterman, Evan Helmuth Horror, Drama
11 Red Tails 20th Century Fox / Lucasfilm Anthony Hemingway (director); John Ridley (screenplay); Cuba Gooding, Jr., Terrence Howard War, Drama
13 Contraband Universal Pictures Baltasar Kormákur (director); Aaron Guzikowski (screenplay); Mark Wahlberg, Kate Beckinsale, Ben Foster, Giovanni Ribisi Action, Crime
Joyful Noise Warner Bros. Todd Graff (director/screenplay); Queen Latifah, Dolly Parton, Jeremy Jordan, Keke Palmer Drama, Musical
19 Journey 2: The Mysterious Island Warner Bros. / New Line Cinema Brad Peyton (director); Mark Gunn, Brian Gunn (screenplay); Dwayne Johnson, Michael Caine, Josh Hutcherson, Vanessa Hudgens, Luis Guzmán Adventure
The Queen of Versailles Magnolia Pictures Lauren Greenfield (director); David Siegal, Jackie Siegal Documentary
Searching for Sugar Man Sony Pictures Classics Malik Bendjelloul (director); Rodriguez Documentary
20 Beasts of the Southern Wild Fox Searchlight Pictures Benh Zeitlin (director/screenplay); Lucy Alibar (screenplay); Quvenzhané Wallis, Dwight Henry Drama, Fantasy
The Invisible War Docurama Films Kirby Dick (director/screenplay); Documentary
Payback Zeitgeist Films Jennifer Baichwal (director) Documentary
Robot & Frank Samuel Goldwyn Films Jake Schreier (director); Christopher Ford (screenplay); Frank Langella, Susan Sarandon, James Marsden, Liv Tyler, Peter Sarsgaard, Jeremy Sisto, Jeremy Strong Comedy, Drama
Tim and Eric's Billion Dollar Movie Magnet Releasing Tim Heidecker, Eric Wareheim (director/screenplay); Tim Heidecker, Eric Wareheim, Will Ferrell, Zach Galifianakis Comedy
Underworld: Awakening Screen Gems Måns Mårlind, Bjorn Stein (directors); Len Wiseman, John Hlavin, Allison Burnett, J. Michael Straczynski (screenplay); Kate Beckinsale, Theo James, India Eisley, Michael Ealy, Stephen Rea, Charles Dance Thriller, Horror
21 Arbitrage Roadside Attractions Nicholas Jalecki (director/screenplay); Richard Gere, Susan Sarandon, Tim Roth, Brit Marling, Laetitia Casta, Nate Parker Drama
Compliance Magnolia Pictures Craig Zobel (director/screenplay); Ann Dowd, Dreama Walker, Pat Healy Drama
Detropia ITVS Heidi Ewing, Rachel Grady (directors) Documentary
22 Ai Weiwei: Never Sorry Sundance Selects Alison Klayman (director/screenplay); Danqing Chen, Ying Gao, Gu Changwei Documentary
My Brother the Devil Sally El Hosaini (director); James Floyd, Fady Elsayed, Saïd Taghmaoui Drama
Nobody Walks Magnolia Pictures Ry Russo-Young (director/screenplay), Lena Dunham (screenplay); John Krasinski, Olivia Thirlby, Rosemarie DeWitt, Justin Kirk Comedy, Drama
Safety Not Guaranteed FilmDistrict Colin Trevorrow (director/screenplay); Derek Connolly (screenplay); Aubrey Plaza, Mark Duplass, Jake Johnson, Karan Soni Comedy
Shut Up and Play the Hits Oscilloscope Laboratories Will Lovelace, Dylan Southern (directors); James Murphy, Nancy Whang, Pat Mahoney, Gunnar Bjerk, Chuck Klosterman, Gavin Russom, Keith Wood, Al Doyle Documentary
Smashed Sony Pictures Classics James Ponsoldt (director/screenplay); Susan Burke (screenplay); Mary Elizabeth Winstead, Aaron Paul, Octavia Spencer, Nick Offerman, Megan Mullally Drama
23 Bachelorette The Weinstein Company Leslye Headland (director/screenplay); Kirsten Dunst, Isla Fisher, Lizzy Caplan, James Marsden, Kyle Bornheimer, Rebel Wilson, Adam Scott Comedy
Chasing Ice National Geographic Jeff Orlowski (director) Documentary
The Imposter The Indomina Group Bart Layton (director); Frédéric Bourdin Documentary
John Dies at the End Magnolia Pictures Don Coscarelli (director/screenplay); Chase Williamson, Rob Mayes, Paul Giamatti, Clancy Brown, Glynn Turman, Doug Jones, Daniel Roebuck Comedy, horror
LUV Indomina Media Sheldon Candis (director/screenplay); Common, Michael Rainey Jr., Dennis Haysbert Drama
The Sessions Fox Searchlight Pictures Ben Lewin (director/screenplay); John Hawkes, Helen Hunt, William H. Macy, Moon Bloodgood Drama
26 Darling Companion Sony Pictures Classics Lawrence Kasdan (director/screenplay); Meg Kasdan (screenplay); Kevin Kline, Diane Keaton, Richard Jenkins, Elisabeth Moss, Mark Duplass, Dianne Wiest, Sam Shepard Drama
For a Good Time, Call... Focus Features Jamie Travis (director); Katie Anne Naylon, Lauren Miller (screenplay); Ari Graynor, Seth Rogen, Lauren Miller, Justin Long, Mark Webber, James Wolk Comedy
27 Man on a Ledge Summit Entertainment Asger Leth (director); Pablo Fenjves, Erich Hoeber, Jon Hoeber (screenplay); Sam Worthington, Elizabeth Banks, Jamie Bell, Anthony Mackie, Génesis Rodríguez, Ed Harris Action, Drama
One for the Money Lionsgate Julie Anne Robinson (director); Karen Ray, Stacy Sherman, Liz Brixius (screenplay); Katherine Heigl, Jason O'Mara, Daniel Sunjata, John Leguizamo, Sherri Shepherd, Debbie Reynolds Crime, Romance
The Words CBS Films Brian Klugman, Lee Sternthal (directors/screenplay); Bradley Cooper, Jeremy Irons, Zoe Saldana, Dennis Quaid, Olivia Wilde, Ben Barnes Drama
28 Chronicle 20th Century Fox Josh Trank (director/screenplay); Max Landis (screenplay); Dane DeHaan, Michael B. Jordan, Alex Russell, Michael Kelly Sci-Fi, Drama
3 Big Miracle Universal Pictures Ken Kwapis (director); Jack Amiel, Michael Begler (screenplay); John Krasinski, Drew Barrymore Drama
The Woman in Black CBS Films James Watkins (director); Jane Goldman (screenplay); Daniel Radcliffe, Ciarán Hinds, Janet McTeer, Liz White Horror, Thriller
9 Farewell, My Queen Cohen Media Group Benoît Jacquot (director/screenplay); Léa Seydoux, Diane Kruger, Virginie Ledoyen French, Drama
10 Safe House Universal Pictures Daniel Espinosa (director); David Guggenheim (screenplay); Denzel Washington, Ryan Reynolds Action
The Vow Screen Gems Michael Sucsy (director); Abby Kohn, Marc Silverstein, Jason Katims (screenplay); Rachel McAdams, Channing Tatum, Scott Speedman, Jessica Lange, Sam Neill Romance
Exit Strategy Ask Around Entertainment Michael Whitton (director); Jameel Saleem, Kimelia Weathers, Quincy "QDeezy" Harris, Big Boy, Kevin Hart Romantic comedy
11 Iron Sky Blind Spot Pictures Timo Vuorensola (director); Johanna Sinisalo, Michael Kalesniko (screenplay); Julia Dietze, Peta Sergeant, Götz Otto, Chris Kirby, Udo Kier Comedy, Sci-Fi
12 Marley Magnolia Pictures Kevin Macdonald (director); Bob Marley Documentary
Tabu Adopt Films Miguel Gomes (director/screenplay); Mariana Ricardo (screenplay); Teresa Madruga, Laura Soveral, Ana Moreira Drama
13 Jayne Mansfield's Car Anchor Bay Films Billy Bob Thornton (director/screenplay); Tom Epperson (screenplay); Robert Duvall, John Hurt, Kevin Bacon, Billy Bob Thornton, Katherine LaNasa, Ray Stevenson, Robert Patrick, Frances O'Connor Drama
16 A Royal Affair Magnolia Pictures Nikolaj Arcel (director/screenplay); Rasmus Heisterberg (screenplay); Alicia Vikander, Mads Mikkelsen Historical Drama
17 Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance Columbia Pictures / Warner Bros. / Marvel Knights Mark Neveldine, Brian Taylor (directors); Scott Dimple, Seth Hoffman, David Goyer (screenplay); Nicolas Cage, Ciarán Hinds, Violante Placido, Johnny Whitworth, Idris Elba, Christopher Lambert Action, Fantasy
This Means War 20th Century Fox McG (director); Timothy Dowling, Simon Kinberg (screenplay); Tom Hardy, Chris Pine, Reese Witherspoon, Chelsea Handler, Til Schweiger Action, Romance, Comedy
24 Act of Valor Relativity Media "Mouse" McCoy, Scott Waugh (directors); Kurt Johnstad (screenplay); Active Duty Navy SEALs, Roselyn Sánchez, Alex Veadov, Jason Cottle, Nester Serrano Action, Drama
Gone Summit Entertainment Heitor Dhalia (director); Allison Burnett (screenplay); Amanda Seyfried, Jennifer Carpenter, Sebastian Stan, Wes Bentley, Michael Paré Drama, Thriller
Good Deeds Lionsgate Tyler Perry (director/screenplay); Tyler Perry, Thandie Newton, Rebecca Romijn, Brian J. White, Jamie Kennedy, Gabrielle Union Romance, Drama
Wanderlust Universal Pictures David Wain (director/screenplay); Ken Marino (screenplay); Paul Rudd, Jennifer Aniston, Malin Åkerman, Justin Theroux, Lauren Ambrose, Joe Lo Truglio, Kathryn Hahn, Alan Alda Comedy
1 The Waiting Room International Film Circuit Peter Nicks (director); Documentary
2 Being Flynn Focus Features Paul Weitz (director/screenplay); Robert De Niro, Paul Dano, Olivia Thirlby, Julianne Moore Drama
The Lorax Universal Pictures / Illumination Entertainment Chris Renaud, Kyle Balda (directors); Cinco Paul, Ken Daurio (screenplay); Danny DeVito, Zac Efron, Taylor Swift, Ed Helms, Rob Riggle, Betty White, Jenny Slate Family, Comedy, Musical
Project X Warner Bros. Nima Nourizadeh (director); Matt Drake, Michael Bacall (screenplay); Thomas Mann, Oliver Cooper, Jonathan Daniel Brown Comedy
3 Fury IFC Films David Weaver (director/screenplay); Elan Mastai (screenplay); Samuel L. Jackson, Luke Kirby, Ruth Negga, Tom Wilkinson Crime, Thriller
7 John Carter Walt Disney Pictures Andrew Stanton (director/screenplay); Mark Andrews, Michael Chabon (screenplay); Taylor Kitsch, Lynn Collins, Samantha Morton, Mark Strong, Ciarán Hinds, Dominic West, James Purefoy, Willem Dafoe Action, Sci-Fi
9 A Thousand Words Paramount Pictures / DreamWorks Pictures Brian Robbins (director); Steven Koren (screenplay); Eddie Murphy, Kerry Washington, Cliff Curtis, Clark Duke, Allison Janney Comedy
The Cabin in the Woods Lionsgate Drew Goddard (director/screenplay); Joss Whedon (screenplay); Richard Jenkins, Bradley Whitford, Jesse Williams, Chris Hemsworth, Kristen Connolly, Anna Hutchison, Fran Kranz Horror
The Raven Relativity Media James McTeigue (director); Ben Livingston, Hannah Shakespeare (screenplay); John Cusack, Alice Eve, Luke Evans, Brendan Gleeson Thriller
10 3,2,1... Frankie Go Boom Variance Films Jordan Roberts (director/screenplay); Charlie Hunnam, Chris O'Dowd, Lizzy Caplan, Nora Dunn, Whitney Cummings, Ron Perlman, Chris Noth Comedy
11 Sinister Summit Entertainment Scott Derrickson (director/screenplay); C. Robert Cargill AKA Carlyle from (screenplay); Ethan Hawke, Juliet Rylance, Fred Thompson, Vincent D'Onofrio, James Ransone, Clare Foley, Michael Hall D'Addario Horror, Thriller
12 21 Jump Street Columbia Pictures / MGM Phil Lord, Chris Miller (directors/screenplay); Michael Bacall (screenplay); Jonah Hill, Channing Tatum Comedy, Action
The Hunger Games Lionsgate Gary Ross (director/screenplay); Suzanne Collins, Billy Ray (screenplay); Jennifer Lawrence, Josh Hutcherson, Liam Hemsworth, Woody Harrelson, Elizabeth Banks, Lenny Kravitz, Stanley Tucci, Donald Sutherland Action, Sci-Fi, Thriller
13 Casa de Mi Padre Pantelion Films / Lionsgate Matt Piedmont (director); Andrew Steele (screenplay); Will Ferrell, Gael García Bernal, Diego Luna, Génesis Rodríguez, Pedro Armendáriz, Jr., Nick Offerman, Efren Ramirez, Adrian Martinez Action, Comedy
28 2 Days in New York Magnolia Pictures Julie Delpy (director/screenplay); Alexia Landeau, Alexandre Nahon (screenplay); Julie Delpy, Chris Rock, Albert Delpy, Alexia Landeau, Alex Nahon Comedy
The Pirates! In an Adventure with Scientists! Columbia Pictures / Aardman Animations / Sony Pictures Animation Peter Lord, Jeff Newitt (directors); Gideon Defoe (screenplay); Hugh Grant, Martin Freeman, Imelda Staunton, David Tennant, Jeremy Piven, Salma Hayek, Lenny Henry, Brian Blessed Comedy, Action
Wrath of the Titans Warner Bros. Jonathan Liebesman (director); Dan Mazeau, David Leslie Johnson (screenplay); Sam Worthington, Liam Neeson, Ralph Fiennes, Édgar Ramírez, Rosamund Pike, Danny Huston, Bill Nighy, Toby Kebbell Action, Adventure
30 Mirror Mirror Relativity Media Tarsem Singh (director); Jason Keller, Melisa Wallack (screenplay); Lily Collins, Julia Roberts, Armie Hammer, Nathan Lane, Mare Winningham, Michael Lerner, Sean Bean Fantasy, Adventure


Opening Title Studio Cast and crew Genre Ref.
3 Battleship Universal Pictures / Hasbro Peter Berg (director); Jon Hoeber, Erich Hoeber (screenplay); Taylor Kitsch, Alexander Skarsgård, Rihanna, Brooklyn Decker, Tadanobu Asano Action, Sci-Fi
4 Tiger Eyes Freestyle Releasing Lawrence Blume (director/screenplay); Judy Blume (screenplay); Willa Holland, Amy Jo Johnson, Tatanka Means, Elise Eberle, Cynthia Stevenson, Forest Fyre, Teo Olivares, Russell Means Drama
6 American Reunion Universal Pictures Jon Hurwitz, Hayden Schlossberg (directors/screenplay); Jason Biggs, Alyson Hannigan, Chris Klein, Thomas Ian Nicholas, Tara Reid, Seann William Scott, Mena Suvari, Eddie Kaye Thomas, Dania Ramirez, Eugene Levy Comedy
The Cold Light of Day Summit Entertainment Mabrouk El Mechri (director); John Petro, Scott Wiper (screenplay); Henry Cavill, Bruce Willis, Sigourney Weaver Action, Thriller
Keyhole Monterey Media Isabella Rossellini, Jason Patric, Kevin McDonald, Udo Kier, Brooke Palsson Thriller
7 Lockout FilmDistrict James Mather, Stephen St. Leger (director/screenplay); Guy Pearce, Maggie Grace, Peter Stormare, Lennie James, Vincent Regan, Joseph Gilgun Action, Sci-Fi
11 Marvel's The Avengers Marvel Studios Joss Whedon (director/screenplay); Robert Downey, Jr., Chris Evans, Chris Hemsworth, Mark Ruffalo, Scarlett Johansson, Jeremy Renner, Tom Hiddleston, Clark Gregg, Samuel L. Jackson, Stellan Skarsgård, Cobie Smulders Action
13 The Three Stooges 20th Century Fox Bobby Farrelly, Peter Farrelly (directors/screenplay); Mike Cerrone (screenplay); Sean Hayes, Will Sasso, Chris Diamantopoulos, Sofía Vergara, Craig Bierko, Larry David, Jane Lynch Comedy
18 Cowgirls 'n Angels Samuel Goldwyn Films Timothy Armstrong (director); Timothy Armstrong, Stephen Blinn (screenplay); Bailee Madison, James Cromwell, Jackson Rathbone, Alicia Witt, Kathleen Rose Perkins, Frankie R. Faison, Dora Madison Burge, Leslie-Anne Huff, Drew Waters, Noel Coet, Mark Nutter, Amber Hayes, Richie McDonald Family
19 The Lucky One Warner Bros. Scott Hicks (director); Will Fetters (screenplay); Zac Efron, Taylor Schilling, Jay R. Ferguson, Blythe Danner Drama, Romance
20 Chimpanzee Disneynature Alastair Fothergill, Mark Linfield (directors); Tim Allen (narrator) Documentary
Jesus Henry Christ EOne Films Dennis Lee (director/screenplay); Toni Collette, Michael Sheen, Jason Spevack, Samantha Weinstein Comedy
Think Like a Man Screen Gems Tim Story (director); Keith Merryman, David A. Newman (screenplay); Kevin Hart, Michael Ealy, Taraji P. Henson, Jerry Ferrara, Meagan Good, Regina Hall, Terrence J, Jenifer Lewis, Romany Malco, Gary Owen, Gabrielle Union Comedy, Romance
To Rome with Love Sony Pictures Classics Woody Allen (director/screenplay); Alec Baldwin, Roberto Benigni, Penélope Cruz, Jesse Eisenberg, Greta Gerwig, Ellen Page Comedy
21 In Their Skin IFC Midnight Jeremy Power Regimbal (director); Joshua Close (screenplay); Selma Blair, James D'Arcy Thriller
22 Deadfall Magnolia Pictures Stefan Ruzowitzky (director); Zach Dean (screenplay); Eric Bana, Olivia Wilde, Charlie Hunnam, Sissy Spacek, Kris Kristofferson Drama, Thriller
24 Lola Versus Fox Searchlight Pictures Daryl Wein (director/screenplay); Zoe Lister-Jones (screenplay); Greta Gerwig, Joel Kinnaman, Zoe Lister-Jones, Hamish Linklater, Bill Pullman, Ebon Moss-Bachrach, Jay Pharoah, Debra Winger Comedy, Romance
25 Knife Fight IFC Films Bill Guttentag (director/screenplay); Chris Lehane (screenplay); Rob Lowe, Carrie-Anne Moss, Jamie Chung, Richard Schiff, Amanda Crew, Julie Bowen Political thriller
27 The Five-Year Engagement Universal Pictures Nicholas Stoller (director/screenplay); Jason Segel (screenplay); Jason Segel, Emily Blunt, Chris Pratt, Alison Brie, Rhys Ifans Comedy, Romance
Safe Lionsgate Boaz Yakin (director/screenplay); Jason Statham, Chris Sarandon, James Hong, Robert John Burke Action, Crime
4 LOL Lionsgate Lisa Azuelos (director); Lisa Azuelos, Kamir Aïnouz (screenplay); Miley Cyrus, Demi Moore, Douglas Booth, Ashley Greene Comedy, Drama, Romance
11 Dark Shadows Warner Bros. / GK Films Tim Burton (director); Seth Grahame-Smith (screenplay); Johnny Depp, Michelle Pfeiffer, Helena Bonham Carter, Eva Green, Jackie Earle Haley, Bella Heathcote, Chloë Grace Moretz, Jonny Lee Miller Comedy, Horror
Piranha 3DD Dimension Films John Gulager (director); Patrick Melton, Marcus Dunstan (screenplay); Danielle Panabaker, Matt Bush, David Koechner, Chris Zylka, Katrina Bowden, Gary Busey, Christopher Lloyd, David Hasselhoff Horror
16 The Dictator Paramount Pictures Larry Charles (director); Sacha Baron Cohen, Alec Berg, Jeff Schaffer, David Mandel (screenplay); Sacha Baron Cohen, Ben Kingsley, Anna Faris Comedy, Satire
Moonrise Kingdom Focus Features Wes Anderson (director/screenplay); Roman Coppola (screenplay); Jared Gilman, Kara Hayward, Bruce Willis, Edward Norton, Bill Murray, Frances McDormand, Jason Schwartzman, Tilda Swinton Comedy, Romance
17 Rust and Bone Sony Pictures Classics Jacques Audiard (director/screenplay); Thomas Bidegain (screenplay); Marion Cotillard, Matthias Schoenaerts Drama
18 Crooked Arrows Freestyle Releasing Steve Rash (director); Todd Baird, Brad Riddell (screenplay); Brandon Routh, Gil Birmingham Drama
Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted Paramount Pictures / DreamWorks Animation Eric Darnell (director/screenplay); Tom McGrath, Conrad Vernon (directors); Noah Baumbach (screenplay); Ben Stiller, Chris Rock, David Schwimmer, Jada Pinkett Smith, Sacha Baron Cohen, Cedric the Entertainer, Andy Richter, Frances McDormand, Bryan Cranston, Jessica Chastain, Martin Short, Paz Vega, Frank Welker Comedy
What to Expect When You're Expecting Lionsgate Kirk Jones (director); Heather Hach, Shauna Cross (screenplay); Cameron Diaz, Jennifer Lopez, Elizabeth Banks, Chace Crawford, Brooklyn Decker, Anna Kendrick, Matthew Morrison, Dennis Quaid, Chris Rock, Rodrigo Santoro Comedy
19 Antiviral Alliance Films Brandon Cronenberg (director/screenplay); Caleb Landry Jones Horror, Sci-Fi, Thriller
Lawless The Weinstein Company John Hillcoat (director); Nick Cave (screenplay); Shia LaBeouf, Tom Hardy, Jason Clarke, Guy Pearce, Gary Oldman, Mia Wasikowska, Jessica Chastain, Dane DeHaan Crime, Action
20 Amour Sony Pictures Classics Michael Haneke (director/screenplay); Jean-Louis Trintignant, Emmanuelle Riva Drama
22 Killing Them Softly The Weinstein Company Andrew Dominik (director/screenplay); Brad Pitt, Vincent Curatola, Scoot McNairy, Ben Mendelsohn, Ray Liotta, Richard Jenkins, James Gandolfini Crime, Drama
23 Holy Motors Indomina Releasing Leos Carax (director/screenplay); Denis Lavant, Édith Scob Fantasy
Men in Black 3 Columbia Pictures Barry Sonnenfeld (director); Etan Cohen, David Koepp, Jeff Nathanson, Michael Soccio (screenplay); Will Smith, Tommy Lee Jones, Josh Brolin, Jemaine Clement, Michael Stuhlbarg, Emma Thompson Comedy, Fantasy
24 The Paperboy Millennium Films Lee Daniels (director/screenplay); Zac Efron, Matthew McConaughey, Nicole Kidman, John Cusack, David Oyelowo, Scott Glenn Crime, Drama
25 Chernobyl Diaries Warner Bros. Bradley Parker (director); Oren Peli, Carey Van Dyke, Steve Van Dyke (screenplay); Jonathan Sadowski, Devin Kelley, Jesse McCartney, Olivia Taylor Dudley, Nathan Phillips, Ingrid Bolsø Berdal, Dmitri Diatchenko Horror, Thriller
Cosmopolis Entertainment One David Cronenberg (director/screenplay); Robert Pattinson, Juliette Binoche, Sarah Gadon, Mathieu Amalric, Jay Baruchel, Kevin Durand, K'naan, Emily Hampshire, Samantha Morton, Paul Giamatti Drama
30 Prometheus 20th Century Fox Ridley Scott (director); Damon Lindelof, Jon Spaihts (screenplay); Noomi Rapace, Michael Fassbender, Charlize Theron, Idris Elba, Guy Pearce, Logan Marshall-Green, Sean Harris, Rafe Spall Sci-Fi, Horror
Snow White and the Huntsman Universal Pictures Rupert Sanders (director); Evan Daugherty, Hossein Amini, John Lee Hancock (screenplay); Kristen Stewart, Charlize Theron, Chris Hemsworth Action, Fantasy
4 That's My Boy Columbia Pictures Sean Anders (director); David Caspe (screenplay); Adam Sandler, Andy Samberg Comedy
10 Brave Walt Disney Pictures / Pixar Animation Studios Mark Andrews, Brenda Chapman, Steve Purcell (directors/screenplay); Irene Mecchi (screenplay); Kelly Macdonald, Billy Connolly, Emma Thompson, Julie Walters, Robbie Coltrane, Kevin McKidd, Craig Ferguson Adventure
15 People Like Us Touchstone Pictures / DreamWorks Studios Alex Kurtzman (director/screenplay); Roberto Orci, Jody Lambert (screenplay); Chris Pine, Elizabeth Banks, Michelle Pfeiffer, Olivia Wilde, Mark Duplass, Jon Favreau, Philip Baker Hall, Michael Hall D'Addario Drama
Rock of Ages Warner Bros. / New Line Cinema Adam Shankman (director); Justin Theroux, Allan Loeb, Chris D'Arienzo (screenplay); Julianne Hough, Diego Boneta, Russell Brand, Paul Giamatti, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Bryan Cranston, Malin Åkerman, Mary J. Blige, Alec Baldwin, Tom Cruise Musical, Drama
18 Seeking a Friend for the End of the World Focus Features Lorene Scafaria (director/screenplay); Steve Carell, Keira Knightley, Adam Brody, Derek Luke, William Petersen Comedy, Romance
20 Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter 20th Century Fox Timur Bekmambetov (director); Seth Grahame-Smith (screenplay); Benjamin Walker, Dominic Cooper, Anthony Mackie, Mary Elizabeth Winstead, Rufus Sewell, Marton Csokas Horror, Action, Fantasy
It's a Disaster Oscilloscope Laboratories Todd Berger (director/screenplay); Rachel Boston, Kevin M. Brennan, David Cross, America Ferrera, Jeff Grace, Erinn Hayes, Blaise Miller, Julia Stiles Comedy
21 Pusher Radius-TWC Luis Prieto (director); Matthew Read (screenplay); Richard Coyle, Zlatko Burić Drama, Crime
24 Magic Mike Warner Bros. Steven Soderbergh (director); Reid Carolin (screenplay); Channing Tatum, Alex Pettyfer, Matthew McConaughey, Matt Bomer, Riley Keough, Cody Horn, Joe Manganiello, Olivia Munn, Adam Rodríguez, Kevin Nash, Gabriel Iglesias Drama
27 Ice Age: Continental Drift 20th Century Fox / Blue Sky Studios Steve Martino, Mike Thurmeier (directors); Michael Berg, Jason Fuchs (screenplay); Ray Romano, John Leguizamo, Denis Leary, Nicki Minaj, Drake, Jennifer Lopez, Queen Latifah Adventure
28 Katy Perry: Part of Me Paramount Pictures / Insurge Pictures / MTV Films Dan Cutforth, Jane Lipsetz (directors); Katy Perry Documentary, Music
29 Madea's Witness Protection Lionsgate Tyler Perry (director/screenplay); Tyler Perry, Eugene Levy, Doris Roberts, Denise Richards, Romeo Miller Comedy
Ted Universal Pictures Seth MacFarlane (director/screenplay); Alec Sulkin, Wellesley Wild (screenplay); Mark Wahlberg, Mila Kunis, Seth MacFarlane, Giovanni Ribisi, Joel McHale Comedy
30 The Amazing Spider-Man Columbia Pictures / Marvel Entertainment Marc Webb (director); James Vanderbilt, Alvin Sargent, Steve Kloves (screenplay); Andrew Garfield, Emma Stone, Rhys Ifans, Denis Leary, Campbell Scott, Irrfan Khan, Martin Sheen, Sally Field Action, Fantasy


Opening Title Studio Cast and crew Genre Ref.
6 Savages Universal Pictures Oliver Stone (director/screenplay); Don Winslow, Shane Salerno (screenplay); Taylor Kitsch, Blake Lively, Aaron Johnson, John Travolta, Benicio del Toro, Salma Hayek Crime, Drama
11 Dredd Lionsgate / Reliance Entertainment Pete Travis (director); Alex Garland (screenplay); Karl Urban, Olivia Thirlby, Lena Headey, Wood Harris Action
16 The Dark Knight Rises Warner Bros. / DC Comics Morgan Freeman Action
25 Ruby Sparks Fox Searchlight Pictures Jonathan Dayton, Valerie Faris (directors); Zoe Kazan (screenplay); Paul Dano, Zoe Kazan, Annette Bening, Antonio Banderas, Steve Coogan, Elliott Gould, Chris Messina, Deborah Ann Woll Drama
27 Step Up Revolution Summit Entertainment Scott Speer (director); Jenny Mayer (screenplay); Kathryn McCormick, Ryan Guzman, Misha Gabriel, Peter Gallagher Dance, Drama
The Watch 20th Century Fox Akiva Schaffer (director); Jared Stern, Seth Rogen, Evan Goldberg (screenplay); Ben Stiller, Vince Vaughn, Rosemarie DeWitt, Jonah Hill, Richard Ayoade Comedy
3 Celeste and Jesse Forever Sony Pictures Classics Lee Toland Krieger (director); Rashida Jones, Will McCormack (screenplay); Rashida Jones, Andy Samberg, Elijah Wood, Ari Graynor, Emma Roberts, Eric Christian Olsen Comedy, Drama
Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Dog Days 20th Century Fox David Bowers (director); Maya Forbes, Wallace Wolodarsky (screenplay); Zachary Gordon, Devon Bostick, Steve Zahn, Peyton List, Robert Capron Comedy, Family
ParaNorman Focus Features Chris Butler (director/screenplay); Sam Fell (director); Kodi Smit-McPhee, Tucker Albrizzi, Anna Kendrick, Casey Affleck, Christopher Mintz-Plasse, Leslie Mann, Jeff Garlin, Elaine Stritch, Bernard Hill, John Goodman, Jodelle Ferland, Tempestt Bledsoe, Alex Borstein Fantasy
Total Recall Columbia Pictures Len Wiseman (director); Kurt Wimmer, Mark Bomback (screenplay); Colin Farrell, Jessica Biel, Kate Beckinsale Action, Sci-Fi
4 100 Bloody Acres Cyan Films Colin Cairnes, Cameron Cairnes (director/screenplay); Damon Herriman, Angus Sampson, Anna McGahan Horror, comedy
8 Hope Springs Columbia Pictures / Mandate Pictures / MGM David Frankel (director); Vanessa Taylor (screenplay); Meryl Streep, Tommy Lee Jones, Steve Carell Romance, Drama
10 7 Boxes Shoreline Entertainment Juan Carlos Maneglia and Tana Schémbori (Directors); Celso Franco, Lali Gonzalez, Nelly Davalos, Jim Hyuk Johnny Kim, Víctor Sosa, Nico García Action, Thriller
The Bourne Legacy Universal Pictures Tony Gilroy (director/screenplay); Dan Gilroy (screenplay); Jeremy Renner, Rachel Weisz, Edward Norton, Oscar Isaac, Joan Allen, Albert Finney, Stacy Keach, Scott Glenn Action, Thriller
The Campaign Warner Bros. Jay Roach (director); Chris Henchy, Shawn Harwell (screenplay); Will Ferrell, Zach Galifianakis, Jason Sudeikis, Katherine LaNasa, Dylan McDermott, John Lithgow, Dan Aykroyd, Brian Cox, P. J. Byrne Comedy
15 Ek Tha Tiger Yash Raj Films Kabir Khan (director/screenplay); Neelesh Mira (screenplay); Salman Khan, Katrina Kaif Action, Romance
The Odd Life of Timothy Green Walt Disney Pictures Peter Hedges (director/screenplay); Jennifer Garner, Joel Edgerton, C.J. Adams, Ron Livingston, Dianne Wiest, Odeya Rush, Rosemarie DeWitt, Lin-Manuel Miranda, M. Emmet Walsh, Lois Smith, Common Drama, Fantasy
17 The Expendables 2 Lionsgate Simon West (director), Sylvester Stallone, Richard Wenk (screenplay); Sylvester Stallone, Jason Statham, Dolph Lundgren, Terry Crews, Randy Couture, Liam Hemsworth, Jet Li, Scott Adkins, Jean-Claude Van Damme, Bruce Willis, Yu Nan, Chuck Norris, Arnold Schwarzenegger Action
Sparkle TriStar Pictures / Stage 6 Films Salim Akil (director); Mara Brock Akil (screenplay); Jordin Sparks, Whitney Houston, Derek Luke, Mike Epps, Tamela Mann, Carmen Ejogo, Tika Sumpter, Omari Hardwick, CeeLo Green Drama, Musical
22 Hit and Run Open Road Films Dax Shepard (director/screenplay); David Palmer (director); Dax Shepard, Kristen Bell, Bradley Cooper, Tom Arnold, Kristin Chenoweth Action, Comedy
24 The Apparition Warner Bros. Todd Lincoln (director/screenplay); Ashley Greene, Sebastian Stan, Tom Felton Horror
Premium Rush Columbia Pictures David Koepp (director/screenplay); John Kamps (screenplay); Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Michael Shannon, Dania Ramirez, Wolé Parks, Jamie Chung, Aasif Mandvi Action
29 The Oogieloves in the Big Balloon Adventure Lionsgate Films/Romar Entertainment/Kenn Viselman Presents Matthew Diamond (director); Scott Stabile (screenplay); Toni Braxton, Cloris Leachman, Christopher Lloyd, Chazz Palminteri, Cary Elwes, Jaime Pressly Family, Comedy, Musical
30 The Possession Lionsgate Kyra Sedgwick Horror, Thriller
31 Argo Warner Bros. / GK Films Ben Affleck (director); Chris Terrio (screenplay); Ben Affleck, John Goodman, Alan Arkin, Bryan Cranston Drama
Hyde Park on Hudson Focus Features Roger Michell; Richard Nelson (screenplay); Bill Murray, Laura Linney Comedy, Drama
1 Frances Ha IFC Films Noah Baumbach (director/screenplay); Greta Gerwig (screenplay); Greta Gerwig, Mickey Sumner Drama, comedy
The Master The Weinstein Company Paul Thomas Anderson (director/screenplay); Philip Seymour Hoffman, Joaquin Phoenix, Amy Adams, Laura Dern Drama
2 To the Wonder Magnolia Pictures Terrence Malick (director/screenplay); Ben Affleck, Olga Kurylenko, Rachel McAdams, Javier Bardem Romance, drama
3 Resident Evil: Retribution Screen Gems / Constantin Film Paul W. S. Anderson (director/screenplay); Milla Jovovich, Sienna Guillory, Colin Salmon, Boris Kodjoe, Michelle Rodriguez, Shawn Roberts, Johann Urb, Kevin Durand, Li Bingbing Action, Horror
6 Looper TriStar Pictures / FilmDistrict Rian Johnson (director/screenplay); Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Bruce Willis, Emily Blunt, Paul Dano, Noah Segan, Jeff Daniels, Piper Perabo Action, Sci-Fi
Thanks for Sharing Lionsgate Stuart Blumberg (director/screenplay); Matt Winston (screenplay); Mark Ruffalo, Tim Robbins, Gwyneth Paltrow, Josh Gad, Joely Richardson, Pink Comedy, drama
7 Anna Karenina Focus Features Joe Wright (director); Tom Stoppard (screenplay);Keira Knightley, Jude Law, Aaron Johnson, Kelly Macdonald, Matthew Macfadyen, Olivia Williams, Emily Watson, Alicia Vikander, Ruth Wilson, Domhnall Gleeson Drama
Girl Most Likely Lionsgate Kristen Wiig, Annette Bening, Matt Dillon, Christopher Fitzgerald, Darren Criss Comedy
Raaz 3D Vishesh Films Vikram Bhatt (director); Shagufta Rafiq (screenplay); Bipasha Basu, Emraan Hashmi, Esha Gupta Horror
Seven Psychopaths CBS Films Martin McDonagh (director/screenplay); Colin Farrell, Sam Rockwell, Christopher Walken, Woody Harrelson Crime, Comedy
Taken 2 20th Century Fox Olivier Megaton (director); Luc Besson, Robert Mark Kamen (screenplay); Liam Neeson, Maggie Grace, Famke Janssen, Leland Orser, Jon Gries, D. B. Sweeney, Luke Grimes, Rade Šerbedžija Action, Thriller
8 The Brass Teapot Magnolia Pictures Ramaa Mosley (director); Tim Macy (screenplay); Juno Temple, Michael Angarano, Alexis Bledel, Alia Shawkat, Bobby Moynihan Fantasy, comedy
Cloud Atlas Warner Bros. Tom Tykwer, Andy Wachowski, Lana Wachowski (directors/screenplay); Tom Hanks, Jim Sturgess, David Gyasi, Jim Broadbent, Ben Whishaw, Halle Berry, Hugh Grant, Bae Doona, Hugo Weaving, Susan Sarandon, James D'Arcy, Keith David, Zhou Xun Drama, Sci-Fi
End of Watch Open Road Films David Ayer (director/screenplay); Jake Gyllenhaal, Michael Peña, Anna Kendrick, Frank Grillo, America Ferrera, Cody Horn Action, Drama
Hotel Transylvania Columbia Pictures / Sony Pictures Animation Genndy Tartakovsky (director); Don Rhymer (screenplay); Adam Sandler, Andy Samberg, Selena Gomez, Kevin James, Fran Drescher, Steve Buscemi, Molly Shannon, David Spade, CeeLo Green Comedy, Family, Fantasy
A Liar's Autobiography: The Untrue Story of Monty Python's Graham Chapman Trinity Bill Jones, Jeff Simpson, Ben Timlett (directors); Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Michael Palin, Terry Jones Comedy
Much Ado About Nothing Lionsgate / Roadside Attractions Joss Whedon (director/screenplay); Amy Acker, Nathan Fillion, Clark Gregg, Fran Kranz Comedy
The Perks of Being a Wallflower Summit Entertainment Stephen Chbosky (director/screenplay); Logan Lerman, Emma Watson, Ezra Miller Drama
Silver Linings Playbook The Weinstein Company David O. Russell (director/screenplay); Bradley Cooper, Jennifer Lawrence, Robert De Niro, Jacki Weaver, Anupam Kher, Chris Tucker Drama
9 The Impossible Summit Entertainment Juan Antonio Bayona (director); Sergio G. Sánchez (screenplay); Naomi Watts, Ewan McGregor Drama
Quartet The Weinstein Company Dustin Hoffman (director); Ronald Harwood (screenplay); Maggie Smith, Tom Courtenay, Billy Connolly, Pauline Collins, Michael Gambon Drama, Comedy
Stuck in Love Millennium Entertainment Josh Boone (director/screenplay); Greg Kinnear, Jennifer Connelly, Lily Collins, Logan Lerman, Nat Wolff, Liana Liberato, Kristen Bell Drama
10 A Late Quartet Entertainment One Yaron Zilberman (director/screenplay); Seth Grossman (screenplay); Philip Seymour Hoffman, Catherine Keener, Christopher Walken Drama
The Lords of Salem Anchor Bay Films Rob Zombie (director/screenwriter); Sheri Moon Zombie, Bruce Davison, Jeff Daniel Phillips, Ken Foree, Patricia Quinn, Dee Wallace, María Conchita Alonso, Judy Geeson, Meg Foster Horror
14 Barfi! LLC Anurag Basu (director/screenplay); Ranbir Kapoor, Priyanka Chopra, Ileana D'Cruz Drama, Romance
Emperor Lionsgate / Roadside Attractions Peter Webber (director); Vera Blasi, David Klass (screenplay); Tommy Lee Jones, Matthew Fox, Eriko Hatsune, Toshiyuki Nishida, Masatoshi Nakamura, Kaori Momoi, Colin Moy Drama, war
Stolen Millennium Films Simon West (director); David Guggenheim (screenplay); Nicolas Cage, Malin Åkerman, Josh Lucas, Danny Huston Action
20 Frankenweenie Walt Disney Pictures Tim Burton (director); John August (screenplay); Catherine O'Hara, Martin Short, Martin Landau, Charlie Tahan, Atticus Shaffer, Winona Ryder Comedy, Horror, Fantasy
21 The Collection LD Entertainment Marcus Dunstan (director); Marcus Dunstan, Patrick Melton (screenplay); Josh Stewart, Emma Fitzpatrick Horror
Head Games Variance Films Steve James (director); Christopher Nowinski, Bob Costas, Keith Primeau Documentary
House at the End of the Street Relativity Media Mark Tonderai (director); David Loucka (screenplay); Jennifer Lawrence, Elisabeth Shue, Max Thieriot, Gil Bellows Thriller
Trouble with the Curve Warner Bros. Robert Lorenz (director); Randy Brown (screenplay); Clint Eastwood, Amy Adams, Matthew Lillard, Justin Timberlake, John Goodman Drama, Sports
24 Pitch Perfect Universal Pictures Jason Moore (director); Kay Cannon, Jeff Roda (screenplay); Anna Kendrick, Rebel Wilson, Brittany Snow, Anna Camp, Skylar Astin, Adam DeVine, John Michael Higgins, Elizabeth Banks Comedy, Musical
27 Red Dawn 20th Century Fox Jeffrey Dean Morgan Action
28 Life of Pi 20th Century Fox Ang Lee (director); David Magee (screenplay); Suraj Sharma, Tabu, Irrfan Khan, Gérard Depardieu, Rafe Spall Drama, Adventure
Won't Back Down 20th Century Fox Daniel Barnz (director/screenplay); Brin Hill (screenplay); Viola Davis, Maggie Gyllenhaal, Holly Hunter, Ving Rhames, Rosie Perez Drama


Opening Title Studio Cast and crew Genre Ref.
6 Not Fade Away Paramount Vantage David Chase (director/screenplay); Bella Heathcote, John Magaro, Jack Huston Drama
8 Lincoln Touchstone Pictures / DreamWorks Pictures / 20th Century Fox Steven Spielberg (director); Tony Kushner (screenplay); Daniel Day-Lewis, Sally Field, David Strathairn, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, James Spader, Hal Holbrook, Tommy Lee Jones Drama
10 Rise of the Guardians Paramount Pictures / DreamWorks Animation Peter Ramsey (director); David Lindsay-Abaire (screenplay); Chris Pine, Alec Baldwin, Hugh Jackman, Isla Fisher, Jude Law Adventure
12 Here Comes the Boom Columbia Pictures Frank Coraci (director); Allan Loeb, Kevin James (screenplay); Kevin James, Salma Hayek, Henry Winkler, Bas Rutten Comedy, Action
13 Television Chabial Mostofa Sarwar Farooki (director); Anisul Haque (screenplay); Shahir Huda Rumi, Chanchal Chowdhury, Mosharraf Karim, Nusrat Imrose Tisha Drama
14 Flight Paramount Pictures Robert Zemeckis (director); John Gatins (screenplay); Denzel Washington, Don Cheadle, Kelly Reilly, John Goodman, Brian Geraghty, Melissa Leo Drama
19 Alex Cross Summit Entertainment Rob Cohen (director); James Patterson, Kerry Williamson, Marc Moss (screenplay); Tyler Perry, Matthew Fox Crime, Action
Paranormal Activity 4 Paramount Pictures Ariel Schulman, Henry Joost (directors); Zack Estrin (screenplay); Kathryn Newton, Katie Featherston, Matt Shively, Stephen Dunham, Alexondra Lee, Brady Allen, Aiden Lovekamp Horror
20 Best Man Down Magnolia Pictures Ted Koland (director/screenplay); Justin Long, Jess Weixler, Tyler Labine, Addison Timlin, Shelley Long, Frances O'Connor Comedy, drama
Cirque du Soleil: Worlds Away Paramount Pictures Andrew Adamson (director/screenplay); Erica Linz, Igor Zaripov, John Clarke Performance
Hello Herman Freestyle Releasing Michelle Danner (director) John Buffalo Mailer (screenplay); Norman Reedus, Martha Higareda, Garrett Backstrom Drama
23 Skyfall MGM / Columbia Pictures Sam Mendes (director); Neal Purvis and Robert Wade, John Logan (screenplay); Daniel Craig, Javier Bardem, Ralph Fiennes, Naomie Harris, Bérénice Marlohe, Albert Finney, Judi Dench Action
26 Chasing Mavericks 20th Century Fox Curtis Hanson, Michael Apted (directors); Kario Salem (screenplay); Gerard Butler, Jonny Weston, Elisabeth Shue, Abigail Spencer Biography, Drama
Fun Size Paramount Pictures / Nickelodeon Movies Josh Schwartz (director); Max Werner (screenplay); Victoria Justice, Jane Levy, Thomas Mann, Chelsea Handler, Thomas McDonell, Osric Chau Comedy
Silent Hill: Revelation Open Road Films Michael J. Bassett (director/screenplay); Adelaide Clemens, Sean Bean, Radha Mitchell, Kit Harington, Carrie-Anne Moss, Malcolm McDowell, Deborah Kara Unger, Martin Donovan Horror
29 Wreck-It Ralph Walt Disney Pictures / Walt Disney Animation Studios Rich Moore (director); Jennifer Lee, Phil Johnston (screenplay); John C. Reilly, Sarah Silverman, Jack McBrayer, Jane Lynch, Alan Tudyk Family
2 The Man with the Iron Fists Universal Pictures RZA (director/screenplay); Eli Roth (screenplay); Russell Crowe, Cung Le, Lucy Liu, Byron Mann, RZA, Rick Yune, David Bautista, Jamie Chung Action, Fantasy
12 Jab Tak Hai Jaan Yash Raj Films Yash Chopra (director); Aditya Chopra, Devika Bhagat (screenplay); Shahrukh Khan, Anushka Sharma, Katrina Kaif Romance, Drama
14 Bullet to the Head Warner Bros. Walter Hill (director/screenplay); Alessandro Camon (screenplay); Sylvester Stallone, Sung Kang, Sarah Shahi, Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, Christian Slater, Jason Momoa Crime, action
16 The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2 Lionsgate / Summit Entertainment Bill Condon (director); Melissa Rosenberg (screenplay); Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson, Taylor Lautner, Billy Burke, Peter Facinelli, Elizabeth Reaser, Kellan Lutz, Nikki Reed, Jackson Rathbone, Ashley Greene, Michael Sheen, Dakota Fanning Fantasy, Drama
20 Nema Aviona Za Zagreb Spectrum Film Louis van Gasteren (director); Joke Meerman (screenplay); Louis van Gasteren, Timothy Leary, Meher Baba Documentary
23 Hitchcock Fox Searchlight Pictures Sacha Gervasi (director); John McLaughlin (screenplay); Anthony Hopkins, Helen Mirren, Michael Wincott, Scarlett Johansson, Jessica Biel, James D'Arcy, Toni Collette, Kurtwood Smith Drama
Nativity 2: Danger in the Manger BBC Films Debbie Isitt (director); David Tennant, Joanna Page, Marc Wootton, Pam Ferris, Jake Pratt, Bessie Cursons Family Comedy
28 The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Warner Bros. / New Line Cinema / MGM Peter Jackson (director/screenplay); Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, Guillermo del Toro (screenplay); Ian McKellen, Martin Freeman, Richard Armitage, James Nesbitt, Ken Stott, Cate Blanchett, Ian Holm, Christopher Lee, Hugo Weaving, Elijah Wood, Andy Serkis Fantasy
29 Back to 1942 China Film Group Corporation Feng Xiaogang (director); Liu Zhenyun (screenplay); Zhang Guoli, Chen Daoming, Li Xuejian, Zhang Hanyu, Fan Wei, Feng Yuanzheng, Xu Fan, Tim Robbins, Adrien Brody Drama
30 Dino Time CJ Entertainment Yoon-suk Choi, John Kafka (director); James Greco, Zachary Rosenblatt (screenplay); Jane Lynch, Rob Schneider, Stephen Baldwin, William Baldwin, Pamela Adlon, Yuri Lowenthal, Melanie Griffith Adventure, Family
Talaash: The Answer Lies Within Reliance Big Pictures Reema Kagti (director/screenplay); Zoya Akhtar (screenplay); Aamir Khan, Rani Mukerji, Kareena Kapoor, Nawazuddin Siddiqui Crime, Thriller
7 Playing for Keeps FilmDistrict / Open Road Films Gabriele Muccino (director); Robbie Fox (screenplay); Gerard Butler, Uma Thurman, Jessica Biel, Dennis Quaid, Judy Greer, Catherine Zeta-Jones Comedy, Romance
The Fitzgerald Family Christmas Tribeca Film Edward Burns (director/produced/written); Kerry Bishe; Heather Burns; Connie Britton; Caitlin Fitzgerald; Anita Gillette; Tom Guiry; Ed Lauter; Mike McGlone; Noah Emmerich Comedy, Drama
11 Django Unchained The Weinstein Company / Columbia Pictures Quentin Tarantino (director/screenplay); Jamie Foxx, Christoph Waltz, Leonardo DiCaprio, Samuel L. Jackson, Kerry Washington Action, Drama
19 The Guilt Trip Paramount Pictures / Skydance Productions Anne Fletcher (director); Dan Fogelman (screenplay); Barbra Streisand, Seth Rogen Comedy
Zero Dark Thirty Columbia Pictures / Universal Pictures Kathryn Bigelow (director); Mark Boal (screenplay); Jessica Chastain, Joel Edgerton, Jason Clarke, Chris Pratt Thriller, Drama
21 Jack Reacher Paramount Pictures / Skydance Productions Christopher McQuarrie (director/screenplay); Josh Olson (screenplay); Tom Cruise, Rosamund Pike, David Oyelowo, Richard Jenkins, Werner Herzog, Jai Courtney, Robert Duvall, Michael Raymond-James, Alexia Fast Action, Thriller, Crime
This Is 40 Universal Pictures Judd Apatow (director/screenplay); Paul Rudd, Leslie Mann, Maude Apatow, Albert Brooks, John Lithgow Comedy, Drama
25 Les Misérables Universal Pictures Tom Hooper (director); William Nicholson, Alain Boublil, Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer (screenplay); Hugh Jackman, Russell Crowe, Anne Hathaway, Amanda Seyfried Musical
Parental Guidance 20th Century Fox Andy Fickman (director); Joe Syracuse, Lisa Addario, Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel (screenplay); Billy Crystal, Bette Midler, Marisa Tomei, Tom Everett Scott, Bailee Madison, Joshua Rush, Kyle Harrison Breitkopf Comedy
28 Promised Land Focus Features Gus Van Sant (director); Matt Damon, John Krasinski (screenplay); Matt Damon, John Krasinski, Frances McDormand Drama

Notable deaths

Month Date Name Age Nationality Profession Notable films
January 1 Bob Anderson 89 English Stuntman, Choreographer
2 Silvana Gallardo 58 American Actress
3 Joaquín Martínez 81 Mexican-American Actor
3 Jenny Tomasin 73 English Actress The Adventures of Barry McKenzie
4 Harry Fowler 85 English Actor
5 Frederica Sagor Maas 111 American Screenwriter
9 Mae Laborde 102 American Actress
10 Lila Kaye 82 English Actress
11 Richard Bruno 87 American Costume Designer
11 David Whitaker 81 English Composer
13 Morgan Jones 83 American Actor
20 Marion Mathie 73 English Actress
21 Eiko Ishioka 73 Japanese Costume Designer
23 Bingham Ray 57 American Film executive co-founded October Films
24 Theo Angelopoulos 76 Greek Director, Writer
24 James Farentino 82 American Actor
26 Ian Abercrombie 77 English-American Actor
26 Dimitra Arliss 79 American Actress
29 John Rich 86 American Director
30 Frederick Treves 86 English Actor
February 1 Don Cornelius 75 American Actor
3 Ben Gazzara 81 American Actor
3 Zalman King 69 American Actor, Director, Screenwriter
4 Andrew Wight 51 Australian Screenwriter, Producer
5 Sam Coppola 79 American Actor
5 Bill Hinzman 75 American Actor, Director
6 Peter Breck 82 American Actor
8 Phil Bruns 80 American Actor
8 Laurie Main 89 Australian-American Actor
11 Whitney Houston 48 American Actress, Singer, Producer
12 Zina Bethune 66 American Actress, Choreographer
12 David Kelly 82 Irish Actor
13 Russell Arms 92 American Actor, Singer
16 Elyse Knox 94 American Actress
16 Dick Anthony Williams 77 American Actor
18 Peter Halliday 87 English Actor
18 Ric Waite 78 American Cinematographer
20 Sullivan Walker 68 Trinidadian-American Actor
21 Gladys O'Connor 108 English-Canadian Actress
23 Bruce Surtees 74 American Cinematographer
25 Martha Stewart 89 American Actress
26 Ed Brigadier 62 American Actor
26 Richard Carpenter 82 English Actor, Screenwriter
29 Dennis Chinnery 84 English Actor
29 Davy Jones 66 English Actor, Singer
March 1 Phillip R. Allen 72 American Actor
1 Jerome Courtland 85 American Actor, Producer
2 Don Marion 94 American Actor
3 Leonardo Cimino 94 American Actor
3 Ralph McQuarrie 82 American Designer, Illustrator
4 Joan Taylor 82 American Actress
5 Philip Madoc 77 Welsh-English Actor
5 Robert B. Sherman 86 American Composer
9 Dennis Bowen 61 American Actor
9 Terry Teene 70 American Actor, Singer
10 Jean Giraud 73 French Designer, Illustrator
11 Faith Brook 90 English Actress
19 Ulu Grosbard 83 Belgian-American Director, Producer
21 Robert Fuest 84 English Director, Screenwriter
21 Tonino Guerra 92 Italian Screenwriter
25 Hal E. Chester 91 American Actor, Producer. Screenwriter
25 Bill Weston 70 English Stuntman, Actor
27 Warren Stevens 92 American Actor
27 Garry Walberg 90 American Actor
28 Neil Travis 73 American Film Editor
29 Luke Askew 80 American Actor
April 1 Jamaa Fanaka 69 American Director, Screenwriter, Producer
2 Jimmy Little 75 Australian Actor, Singer
3 Nicholas King 79 American Actor
8 Rikiya Yasuoka 64 Japanese Actor
9 Barry Cahill 90 Canadian-American Actor
9 Carol Adams 94 American Actress
10 Grant Tilly 74 Australian Actor
11 Rainer Penkert 90 German Actor
13 Marilyn Lovell Matz 81 American Actress, Singer
14 William Finley 71 American Actor
14 Jonathan Frid 87 Canadian Actor
14 Martin Poll 89 American Producer
15 Paul Bogart 92 American Director, Producer
15 Murray Rose 73 English-Australian Actor
18 Dick Clark 82 American Actor, Producer
18 Robert O. Ragland 80 American Composer
19 Levon Helm 71 American Actor, Singer
20 Peter Carsten 83 German Actor
25 Paul L. Smith 75 American Actor
26 Margie Stewart 92 American Actress
28 Walter Mathews 85 American Actor
28 Patricia Medina 92 English Actress
29 Joel Goldsmith 54 American Composer
30 George Murdock 81 American Actor
May 1 Charles Pitts 65 American Actor
2 Charlotte Mitchell 85 English Actress
2 Tracy Reed 69 English Actress
2 Digby Wolfe 82 English-American Actor
4 Mort Lindsey 89 American Composer
6 James Isaac 51 American Director, Producer, Special Effects
6 George Lindsey 83 American Actor
8 Maurice Sendak 83 American Producer, Production Designer
9 Vidal Sassoon 84 English-American Hairstylist
10 Joyce Redman 93 English-Irish Actress
11 Roland Shaw 91 English Composer, Arranger
12 Ruth Foster 92 American Film Editor, Actress
13 Donald "Duck" Dunn 70 American Actor, Composer
15 Henry Denker 99 American Screenwriter
18 Paul O'Sullivan 68 Canadian Actor
18 Richard Rabago 68 American Actor
22 Janet Carroll 71 American Actress
24 Lee Rich 93 American Producer
27 Dee Caruso 83 American Screenwriter
28 Matthew Yuricich 89 American Special Effects Artist
31 Christopher Challis 91 English Cinematographer
June 2 Richard Dawson 79 English-American Actor
2 Kathryn Joosten 72 American Actress
4 Stan Jolley 86 American Art Director, Production Designer
5 Caroline John 71 English Actress
5 Ray Bradbury 90 American Writer
7 J. Michael Riva 63 American Production Designer
8 Frank Cady 96 American Actor
11 Ann Rutherford 94 American Actress
14 Yvette Wilson 48 American Actress
16 Susan Tyrrell 67 American Actress
16 Giuseppe Bertolucci 65 Italian Director, Screenwriter
17 George Leech 90 English Actor, Stuntman James Bond
18 Victor Spinetti 82 Welsh Actor
19 Richard Lynch 72 American Actor
26 Nora Ephron 71 American Director, Screenwriter, Producer
27 Don Grady 68 American Actor, Composer
27 Bruce Guerin 93 American Actor
28 Paul Stassino 81 Cypriot Actor
July 2 Ben Davidson 72 American Actor
3 Andy Griffith 86 American Actor
4 Eric Sykes 89 English Actor
8 Ernest Borgnine 95 American Actor
13 Wayne Massarelli 62 American Make-up Artist
13 Sage Stallone 36 American Actor, Director, Producer
13 Ginny Tyler 86 American Actress, Singer
13 Richard D. Zanuck 77 American Producer
14 Avis Hope Eckelberry 56 American Film Editor
14 Michael Turner 90 South African Actor Cry Freedom
15 Celeste Holm 95 American Actress
16 William Asher 90 American Producer
16 Martin Kenzie 56 English Camera Operator
17 Morgan Paull 67 American Actor
18 Rajesh Khanna 69 Indian Actor
19 Tom Davis 59 American Actor
20 Simon Ward 70 English Actor
20 Tony Epper 73 American Stuntman, Actor
21 Angharad Rees 63 Welsh Actress
22 Fern Persons 101 American Actress
22 Frank Pierson 87 American Director, Screenwriter
24 Chad Everett 76 American Actor
24 Sherman Hemsley 74 American Actor
26 Lupe Ontiveros 69 American Actress
26 Mary Tamm 62 English Actress
27 Norman Alden 87 American Actor
27 R. G. Armstrong 95 American Actor
27 Geoffrey Hughes 68 English Actor
27 Tony Martin 98 American Actor, Singer
29 John P. Finnegan 86 American Actor
30 Jonathan Hardy 71 New Zealand Actor, Director
31 Gore Vidal 86 American Actor, Screenwriter
August 6 Marvin Hamlisch 68 American Composer
8 Sancho Gracia 75 Spanish Actor
9 Al Freeman, Jr. 78 American Actor
9 Mel Stuart 83 American Director, Producer
10 Irving Fein 101 American Producer
10 Carlo Rambaldi 86 Italian Special Effects Artist
11 Bill Rafferty 68 American Actor
13 Joan Roberts 94 American Actress
14 Ron Palillo 63 American Actor
14 Phyllis Thaxter 92 American Actress
15 Biff Elliot 89 American Actor
16 William Windom 88 American Actor
18 George Bowers 68 American Director, Editor
19 Tony Scott 68 English Director, Producer
20 Phyllis Diller 95 American Actress
21 Tissa David 91 American Animator
22 Jeffrey Stone 86 American Actor
23 Jerry Nelson 78 American Puppeteer, Actor
24 Steve Franken 80 American Actor
24 Claire Malis 69 American Actress
25 Florencio Amarilla 77 Paraguayan Actor
31 Max Bygraves 89 English Actor, Singer
31 Joe Lewis 68 American Actor, Stuntman
September 1 Hal David 91 American Composer
3 Michael Clarke Duncan 54 American Actor
6 Jake Eberts 71 Canadian Producer
6 Frank Godwin 95 English Producer
7 Louise LaPlanche 93 American Actress
8 Leigh Hamilton 62 New Zealand-American Actress
10 Vondell Darr 93 American Actress
10 Lance LeGault 75 American Actor
10 Stanley Long 78 English Director, Screenwriter, Producer
10 John Moffatt 89 English Actor
12 Jon Finlayson 74 Australian Actor
13 Edgar Metcalfe 78 English Actor
14 Stephen Dunham 48 American Actor
14 Winston Rekert 63 Canadian Actor
16 John Ingle 84 American Actor
16 Roman Kroitor 85 Canadian Director, Producer
21 Michael Rye 94 American Actor
25 Andy Williams 84 American Actor, Singer
26 Johnny Lewis 28 American Actor
27 Herbert Lom 95 Czech-English Actor
28 Michael O'Hare 60 American Actor
30 Turhan Bey 90 Austrian-American Actor
October 2 Marjorie Lane 100 American Actress, Singer
7 Larry Block 69 American Actor
7 Hank Moonjean 82 American Producer
8 Ken Sansom 85 American Actor
9 Harris Savides 55 American Cinematographer
10 Alex Karras 77 American Actor
10 Robert Litz 62 American Screenwriter
10 Leo O'Brien 41 American Actor
12 Norm Grabowski 79 American Actor
13 Gary Collins 74 American Actor
14 John Clive 79 English Actor
18 Sylvia Kristel 60 Dutch Actress
20 Joe Melia 77 English Actor
22 Carolyn Conwell 82 American Actress
22 Russell Means 72 American Actor
24 Peggy Ahern 95 American Actress
26 Mac Ahlberg 81 Swedish Cinematographer
26 Natina Reed 32 American Actress, Singer
27 Robert W. Castle 81 American Actor
28 Bob Brunner 78 American Screenwriter
30 Leonard Termo 77 American Actor
31 Brian Cobby 83 English Actor
31 Teri Shields 79 American Actress, Producer
November 5 Olympe Bradna 93 French-American Actress
5 Margaret Nichols 82 American Animator
6 Clive Dunn 92 English Actor, Singer
7 Richard Robbins 71 American Composer
8 Lucille Bliss 96 American Actress
8 Roger Hammond 76 English Actor
9 Bobbi Jordan 75 American Actress
9 Pat Renella 83 American Actor
17 Katherine Kath 92 English Actress
17 Bonnie Lynn Fields 68 American Actress
21 Dann Cahn 89 American Film Editor
21 Deborah Raffin 59 American Actress
22 Mel Shaw 97 American Animator, Screenwriter
23 Larry Hagman 81 American Actor, Director
23 John Kemeny 87 Hungarian-Canadian Producer
25 Dinah Sheridan 92 English Actress
26 Martin Richards 80 American Producer
27 Bob Kellett 84 English Director, Producer, Screenwriter
28 Don Rhymer 51 American Screenwriter
29 Susan Luckey 74 American Actress
29 Benjamin Tatar 82 American Actor
December 3 Eileen Moran 60 American Visual Effects
7 Jeni Le Gon 96 American Actress
7 Rusty Mills 49 American Animator
8 Hal Schaefer 87 American Composer, Actor
10 Marla English 77 American Actress
10 Ed Grady 89 American Actor
10 Patricia Kennedy 96 Australian Actress
11 Ravi Shankar 92 Indian-American Composer
12 Don Medford 95 American Director
13 Jack Hanlon 96 American Actor
14 Kenneth Kendall 88 Indian-English Actor
16 Axel Anderson 83 German-Puerto Rican Actor
18 Danny Steinmann 70 American Director, Screenwriter
21 Daphne Oxenford 93 English Actress
22 Cliff Osmond 75 American Actor
24 Richard Rodney Bennett 76 English Composer
24 Charles Durning 89 American Actor
24 Lee Hartman 82 American Animator, Actor
24 Jack Klugman 90 American Actor
26 Gerry Anderson 83 English Director, Producer, Screenwriter
27 Harry Carey, Jr. 91 American Actor
28 Jon Finch 71 English Actor
30 Mike Hopkins 53 New Zealand Sound Editor
30 Gloria Pall 85 American Actress


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^
  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^
  63. ^
  64. ^
  65. ^
  66. ^
  67. ^
  68. ^
  69. ^
  70. ^
  71. ^
  72. ^
  73. ^
  74. ^
  75. ^
  76. ^
  77. ^
  78. ^
  79. ^
  80. ^
  81. ^
  82. ^
  83. ^
  84. ^
  85. ^
  86. ^
  87. ^
  88. ^
  89. ^
  90. ^
  91. ^
  92. ^
  93. ^
  94. ^
  95. ^
  96. ^
  97. ^
  98. ^
  99. ^
  100. ^
  101. ^
  102. ^
  103. ^
  104. ^
  105. ^
  106. ^
  107. ^
  108. ^
  109. ^
  110. ^
  111. ^
  112. ^
  113. ^
  114. ^
  115. ^
  116. ^
  117. ^
  118. ^
  119. ^
  120. ^
  121. ^
  122. ^
  123. ^
  124. ^
  125. ^
  126. ^
  127. ^
  128. ^
  129. ^
  130. ^
  131. ^
  132. ^
  133. ^
  134. ^
  135. ^
  136. ^
  137. ^
  138. ^
  139. ^
  140. ^
  141. ^
  142. ^
  143. ^
  144. ^
  145. ^
  146. ^
  147. ^
  148. ^
  149. ^
  150. ^
  151. ^
  152. ^
  153. ^
  154. ^
  155. ^
  156. ^
  157. ^
  158. ^
  159. ^
  160. ^
  161. ^
  162. ^
  163. ^
  164. ^
  165. ^
  166. ^
  167. ^
  168. ^
  169. ^
  170. ^
  171. ^
  172. ^
  173. ^
  174. ^
  175. ^
  176. ^
  177. ^
  178. ^
  179. ^
  180. ^
  181. ^
  182. ^
  183. ^
  184. ^
  185. ^
  186. ^
  187. ^
  188. ^
  189. ^
  190. ^
  191. ^
  192. ^
  193. ^
  194. ^
  195. ^
  196. ^
  197. ^
  198. ^
  199. ^
  200. ^
  201. ^
  202. ^
  203. ^
  204. ^
  205. ^
  206. ^
  207. ^ a b
  208. ^
  209. ^
  210. ^
  211. ^
  212. ^
  213. ^
  214. ^
  215. ^
  216. ^
  217. ^
  218. ^
  219. ^
  220. ^
  221. ^
  222. ^
  223. ^
  224. ^
  225. ^
  226. ^
  227. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.