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25th Parachute Division (France)

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25th Parachute Division (France)

25th Parachute Division
25th D.P. Shoulder Arm Insignia
Active 1956–1961
Country  France
Branch French army
Type French Parachute Division
Anniversaries Saint Michael, September 29
Engagements Algerian War
Commanders
Notable
commanders

Jean Gilles (1956)

Henri Sauvagnac (1956-1958)
Insignia
Circled Winged Armed Dextrochere Insignia of the 25th Parachute Division worn on French Army Berets of French Foreign Legion Paratroopers and Berets of Metropolitan Paratroopers. Anchored Winged Armed Dextrochere Insignia worn on Berets of French Army Colonial Marine Infantry Paratroopers

Abbreviation 25 DP

The 25th Parachute Division (airborne division of the French Army, part of the French Airborne Units. Consisting mainly of air infantry specialized in airborne combat, air assault and established in 1956; the parachute division takes part mainly in the Algerian War.

Contents

  • Creation and different designations 1
    • Constitution 1.1
  • Division Commanders 2
  • History 3
    • Battle of the Frontiers 3.1
  • Traditions 4
    • Insignias 4.1
    • Flags 4.2
    • Regimental Songs 4.3
    • Decorations 4.4
    • Honours 4.5
      • Battle honours 4.5.1
  • Notable officers and paratroopers 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8
  • Sources et bibliographie 9

Creation and different designations

  • June 1, 1956 : Creation of the 25th Parachute Division
  • April 30, 1961: the 25th Parachute was dissolved

Following the Algiers putsch of 1961, the 10th Parachute Division and 25th Parachute Division were dissolved and formed on May 1, 1961 with the 11th Infantry Division, the 11th Light Intervention Division,[1] which would later become the 11th Parachute Brigade.

Constitution

On June 1, 1956, the 25th Parachute Division was created in the 5th military region from the 25th DIAP and from the Colonial Parachute Brigade.[2] Accordingly, the Parachute Division included 5 Infantry Regiments, 2 Cavalry Regiments and one unit of Parachute Artillery:

Organizational Chart of the 25th Parachute Division on April 1960
  • Command and Support Structure
    • 75th Headquarters Company (75th CGQ)
    • 75th Transmission Company (75th CT)
    • French Army Light Aviation (ALAT) Platoon
    • 513th Transport Group ( GT 513)
    • 75th Parachute Engineer Company ( 75th CGAP)
    • 75th Repair Division Company (75th CRD)
    • 75th Medical Company ( 75th CM)
    • 75th SRI
    • General Command Staff of the 1st Brigade
    • General Command Staff of the 2nd Brigade
  • Parachute Artillery Structure

35th Parachute Artillery Regiment (35th RAP)

During its tenure, the division witnissed changes amongst :

  • On July 1, 1957, the 13th Parachute Dragoon Regiment was reassigned and attached to the 10th Parachute Brigade.[3]
  • On April 1, 1960, the 9th Parachute Chasseur Regiment (9th RCP) relieved the 1st Parachute Chasseur Regiment (1st RCP) part of the 10th Parachute Division.[4]

On December 1, 1958, the Colonial Parachute Regiments (CPR) change their name to the Marine Infantry Parachute Regiments ( RPIMa) while conserving their number.

Division Commanders

  • 1956 - 1956 : General Jean Gilles
  • 1956 - 1958 : General Henri Sauvagnac
  • 1958 - 1960 : General Ducournau
  • 1960 - 1961 : General Autrand

History

Battle of the Frontiers

Two of the five airborne infantry regiments of the division; mainly, the 8th Colonial Parachute Regiment and the 14th Parachute Chasseur Regiment; participate from January to May 1958 in the Battle of Frontiers. Accordingly, General Raoul Salan (Salan), superior commander in Algeria, delegated all five airborne infantry regiments to General Vanuxem; commander of the zone est-constantinois (ZEC). The battle took place at both the Morice Line and Challe Line and lasted for about 5 months.[5]

Traditions

The Archangel Michael featured in Mont Saint-Michel and the Insignia of the 9th Parachute Chasseur Regiment.

Except for the Legionnaires of the 2e REP that conserve the Green Beret; the remainder of the French army metropolitan and marine paratroopers forming the 11th Parachute Brigade wear the Red Beret.

The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on September 29.

The prière du Para (Prayer of the Paratrooper) was written by André Zirnheld in 1938.

Insignias

Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army; the Insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946. The French Army Insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed <>, meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards. The Insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the Insignia represents <>, the Archangel which according to Liturgy is the <>. This Insignia is the symbol of righteous combat and fidelity to superior missions. The French Army Insignia of Marine Infantry Paratroopers is backgrounded by a Marine Anchor.

Flags

Regimental Songs

Decorations

Honours

Battle honours

Notable officers and paratroopers

See also

References

  1. ^ Collectif, Histoire des parachutistes français, Société de Production Littéraire, 1975. In Histoire des parachutistes français (History of French Paratroopers), page 544
  2. ^ Collectif, Histoire des parachutistes français, Société de Production Littéraire, 1975. InHistoire des parachutistes français(History of French Paratroopers), page 449
  3. ^ Collectif, Histoire des parachutistes français, Société de Production Littéraire, 1975. In Histoire des parachutistes français( History of French Paratroopers), pages 512 and 513
  4. ^ Collectif, Histoire des parachutistes français, Société de Production Littéraire, 1975. In Histoire des parachutistes français(History of French Paratroopers), pages 496 and 541
  5. ^ Collectif, Histoire des parachutistes français, Société de Production Littéraire, 1975.In Histoire des parachutistes français(History of French Paratroopers), pages 501 to 508

External links

  • History of the 1st Parachute Chasseur Regiment, 9th Parachute Chasseur Regiment, 14th Parachute Chasseur Regiment and 18th Parachute Chasseur Regiment

Sources et bibliographie

  • Collectif, Histoire des parachutistes français, Société de Production Littéraire, 1975.
  • J. Baltzer et E. Micheletti, Insignes et brevets parachutistes de l'armée française, Histoires et collections, 2001, ISBN|2 913 903 118.
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