World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Aalsmeer

Article Id: WHEBN0000120116
Reproduction Date:

Title: Aalsmeer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pieter Litjens, Amstelveen, Haarlemmermeer, Amsterdam, Sander Berk
Collection: Aalsmeer, Municipalities of North Holland, Populated Places in North Holland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Aalsmeer

Aalsmeer
Municipality
Aerial photo of Aalsmeer in 1977
Aerial photo of Aalsmeer in 1977
Flag of Aalsmeer
Flag
Coat of arms of Aalsmeer
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Flower capital of the world
Highlighted position of Aalsmeer in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates:
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Jeroen Nobel (PvdA)
 • Aldermen
Area[2]
 • Total 32.29 km2 (12.47 sq mi)
 • Land 20.44 km2 (7.89 sq mi)
 • Water 11.85 km2 (4.58 sq mi)
Elevation[3] -0.1 m (−0.3 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 30,878
 • Density 1,511/km2 (3,910/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Aalsmeerder
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 1430–1433
Area code 0297
Website .nl.aalsmeerwww

Aalsmeer (   ) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Its name is derived from the Dutch for eel (aal) and lake (meer).[5] Aalsmeer is bordered by the Westeinderplassen lake, the largest open water of the Randstad, and the Ringvaart Canal.[5] The town is located 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Amsterdam.

Because the largest flower auction in the world is based in Aalsmeer, along with numerous nurseries and an experimental station for floriculture, the town is sometimes referred to as the flower capital of the world.

Contents

  • Population centres 1
  • Geology 2
  • History 3
    • World War II 3.1
    • Post war 3.2
  • Local government 4
  • Public transport 5
  • Economy 6
  • Culture 7
    • Events 7.1
    • Music scene 7.2
  • People from Aalsmeer 8
  • Footnotes 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Population centres

The municipality of Aalsmeer consists of the following cities, towns, and villages: Aalsmeer, Kudelstaart, Oosteinde, as well as the hamlet Calslagen.

Geology

Aalsmeer is located on the border of the former Haarlem Lake. The older portion of town is built on peat, and is surrounded by polders. The polders consist of loamy soil and are 9–15 feet (2.7–4.6 m) below sea level.[6]

History

Aalsmeer in 1866.

Aalsmeer is first referenced in a document from 1133 in which it is called "Alsmar" and is granted to the Abbey of Rijnsburg. Diederik VII van Kleef confirmed this grant in an act in 1199. The area was then a wilderness with alders and willow forests.

In its surroundings, large tracts of land were dug up for peat, creating large lakes and ponds such as Oosteinderpoel (East End Pool), Schinkelpoel (Schinkel Pool), Stommeer (Stom Lake), Hornmeer (Horn Lake), Legmeer (Leg Lake), and the Westeinderplassen (West End Ponds). This left little land for agriculture, causing Aalsmeer's inhabitants to switch to fishery. The land was cultivated intensely, mostly for tree nurseries.

Topographic map of Aalsmeer, June 2015

The lack of dry land was countered by reclaiming some of the lakes, starting with Stom Lake in 1650, and followed by Horn Lake in 1674. In 1852, the large Haarlem Lake, bordering on Aalsmeer, was made into a polder. Then followed Schinkelpoel, Oosteinderpoel, and Legmeer. Peat was no longer dug up and the fishing business declined. Yet horticulture increased, especially strawberry cultivation, which peaked between 1850 and 1885. The strawberry became the symbol for the flag of Aalsmeer: red (fruit), green (leaf), and black (soil). The cultivation of flowers began circa 1880, first with roses in greenhouses.

The growers would sell their strawberries and flowers to distributors who would bring them with barges to the market in Amsterdam. But the trade shifted to Aalsmeer where auctions began to be held in local cafés. In 1912 two auction businesses were established: Centrale Aalsmeerse Veiling (Central Aalsmeer Auction) in the town's centre and Bloemenlust in Aalsmeer East.

World War II

During World War 2, Aalsmeer gained a reputation for its Nazi support, mostly because of its fanatical National Socialistic mayor and a handful of fascist supporters. The highest supreme commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, Friedrich Christiansen, was a regular visitor. Following the war, more than a hundred court cases were held against Nazi supporters from Aalsmeer.

Post war

In 1950 Aalsmeer had 12,500 inhabitants. In 1968 the two auction businesses merged and formed the Verenigde Bloemenveilingen Aalsmeer (United Flower Auctions Aalsmeer). In 1972 a new large auction building was completed in South Aalsmeer and expanded in 1999.

Local government

Aalsmeer Town Hall

The municipal council of Aalsmeer consists of 23 seats, which since 2014 are divided as follows:

The executive board consists of CDA and AB.

The current mayor is Jobke Vonk-Vedder (CDA).

Public transport

The bus interchange in Aalsmeer is called the Hortensiaplein, where the buses meet. These services are:

All of these services are very frequent, half hourly or more frequent.

Economy

Flower Auction Aalsmeer.

Having 999,000 square metres (10,750,000 sq ft) of floor space, the flower auction building of FloraHolland is one of the largest commercial buildings in the world. Its close proximity to Schiphol Airport allows the growers access to markets worldwide. Since January 1, 2008 the Aalsmeer flower auction has merged with the united auctions of Naaldwijk and Rijnsburg under the name FloraHolland, and is the largest auction market in the world.[8] The flowers that are grown and sold here are carnations, roses, lilacs, freesias, chrysanthemums, cyclamens, and begonias.[6]

The Endemol television studios are located in the former Central Auction building. The Bloemenlust building is nowadays a sports, event, and congress centre. Dominating the Ringvaart canal are the large building halls of Royal De Vries Scheepsbouw.

Agriculture and manufacturing also play an important role in the economy of the locality. Dairy, beef, potatoes, vegetables, and fruit are the areas within agriculture, and the types of manufacturing in the city are farm products, sporting goods, boats, and packaging material.[9]

Culture

The Water Tower of Aalsmeer was completed in 1928 in an Art Deco style.

Events

Aalsmeer has always had a number of yearly recurring events and festivals. The most famous event has always been the Flower parade (Bloemencorso), every first Saturday in September. After 60 years, this tradition has been discontinued in 2007. Other annual events are the "Pramenrace", every second Saturday in September and the Bands Night (Bandjesavond) in June.

Music scene

Aalsmeer has always had a rich music scene. The best known groups and artists from Aalsmeer and Kudelstaart since 1970 are:

  • Eton Crop
  • Hobo String band
  • The Whatts
  • Livin' at A
  • Madeliefjes
  • Los Boundros
  • Café Blue (later: Koel Bewaren)
  • Ten Beers After
  • Katelijne van Otterloo Group
  • Social Animal

People from Aalsmeer

Native from Aalsmeer

Living in Aalsmeer

Footnotes

  1. ^ Municipality of Aalsmeer 2014
  2. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics 2014
  3. ^ Anon 2013
  4. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics 2014a
  5. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica Online 2013
  6. ^ a b Hoiberg 2010, p. 2
  7. ^ PACT consists of PvdA, D66, and GroenLinks.
  8. ^ Munro 1995, p. 1
  9. ^ Cohen 1998, p. 1

References

External links

  • Official website
  • Bloemencorso Aalsmeer (in Dutch)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.