World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Accessible toilet

Article Id: WHEBN0010411026
Reproduction Date:

Title: Accessible toilet  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Board toilet, Female urination device, Dry toilet, Hudo (Scouting), Toilet paper
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Accessible toilet

An accessible toilet in a British McDonald's restaurant

An accessible toilet is a special toilet designed to accommodate people with physical disabilities.

Public toilets and restrooms can present accessibility challenges for people with disabilities, for example those in wheelchairs. Stalls may not be able to fit a wheelchair, and transferring between the wheelchair and the toilet seat may pose a challenge. Accessible toilets are designed to address these issues by providing more space and bars for users to grab and hold during transfers.

Legal requirements

Some countries have requirements for public restrooms to ensure accessibility. In the United States, most new construction for public use must be built to ADA standards for accessibility. In the United Kingdom, the Equality Act 2010 requires organizations and businesses to make adjustments to meet the needs of people with disabilities.

Recommendations appearing in legal requirements

The following recommendations are becoming more common in public toilet facilities, as part of a trend towards universal design:

  • a wheelchair-height toilet, to help the user on and off the toilet, with handles (grab bars);
  • an emergency alarm, in the form of a red cord that reaches the ground, connected to a buzzer and a flashing red light;
  • a wheelchair-height sink and hand dryer;
  • wheelchair-width doors leading to it, allowing sufficient space for a wheelchair when a door is open.

Accessible toilets need larger floor space than other cubicles to allow space for a wheelchair to maneuver. This space is also useful for people who are not necessarily wheelchair users, but still need physical support from someone else. A wheelchair-height changing table is also recommended, but remains rarely available. Accessible changing tables are low and accessible to a wheelchair user, and long enough for a caretaker to change an older child or adult with a disability.

Examples of accessible design


  • United Nations Enable Programme
  • UK Charity Mencap campaign "Changing places, changing lives"


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.