World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adrien Baillet

Article Id: WHEBN0000143085
Reproduction Date:

Title: Adrien Baillet  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Saturnina, Bernard de la Monnoye, 1706, René Descartes, June 13
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Adrien Baillet

Adrien Baillet, gravure, postuum (1715)

Adrien Baillet (June 13, 1649 – January 21, 1706) was a French scholar and critic. He is now best known as a biographer of René Descartes.

Life

He was born in the village of Neuville near Beauvais, in Picardy. His parents could only afford to send him to a small school in the village, but he picked up some Latin from the friars of a neighbouring convent, who brought him under the notice of the bishop of Beauvais. By his kindness Baillet received a thorough education at the theological seminary, and was afterwards appointed to a post as teacher in the college of Beauvais. In 1676 he was ordained priest and was presented to a small vicarage.

He accepted in 1680 the appointment of librarian to François-Chrétien de Lamoignon, advocate-general to the parlement of Paris. He made a catalogue raisonné (in 35 vols.) of its library, all written with his own hand.

The remainder of his life was spent in incessant, unremitting labour; so keen was his devotion to study that he allowed himself only five hours a day for rest.

With regard to René Descartes, he is popularly said to have recorded the three dreams leading up to the Cartesian Cogito.

Works

Of his numerous works the following are the most conspicuous:

  1. Histoire de Hollande depuis la trève de ióop Jusqu’d 1690 (4 vols. 1693), a continuation of Grotius, and published under the name of La Neuville
  2. Les Vies des saints (4 vols. 1701)
  3. Des Satires personelles, traité historique et critique de celles qui portent le litre d’Anti (2 vols. 1689)
  4. La vie de monsieur Des-Cartes (2 vols. 1691; modern edition in one volume: La vie de monsieur Descartes, Paris: Éditions des Malassis, 2012)
  5. La vie de mr. Des-Cartes. Réduite en abregé (1692; modern edition: Vie de Monsieur Descartes, Paris, La Table Ronde, 1992)
  6. Auteurs déguisés sous des noms étrangers, empruntes, &c. (1690)
  7. Jugemens des savans sur les principaux ouvrages des auteurs (9 vols. 1685—1686).

The last is the most celebrated and useful of all his works. At the time of his death he was engaged on a Dictionnaire universelle ecclésiastique. The praise bestowed on the Jansenists in the Jugemens des savans brought down on Baillet the hatred of the Jesuits, and his Vie des saints, in which he brought his critical mind to bear on the question of miracles, caused some scandal. His Vie de Descartes is a mine of information on the philosopher and his work, derived from numerous unimpeachable authorities.

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain:  The article contains this footnote: See the edition by M. de la Monnoye of the Jugemens des savans (Amsterdam, 4 vols. 1725), which contains the Anti-Baillet of Gilles Ménage, and an Abrégé de la vie de Mr Baillet.

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.