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Albert, 4th duc de Broglie

Albert, duc de Broglie
34th Prime Minister of France
In office
24 May 1873 – 22 May 1874
Preceded by Jules Dufaure
Succeeded by Ernest Courtot de Cissey
39th Prime Minister of France
In office
17 May 1877 – 23 November 1877
Preceded by Jules Simon
Succeeded by Gaëtan de Rochebouët
Personal details
Born 13 June 1821
Died 19 January 1901(1901-01-19) (aged 79)
Political party Orléanist
Arms de Broglie

Jacques-Victor-Albert, 4th duc de Broglie (French pronunciation: ​; 13 June 1821 – 19 January 1901) was a French monarchist politician, diplomat and writer (of historical works and translations).

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • 1st Ministry (25 May – 26 November 1873) 1.1
    • 2nd Ministry (26 November 1873 – 22 May 1874) 1.2
    • 3rd Ministry (17 May – 23 November 1877) 1.3
  • Bibliography 2
  • Family 3
  • Honours and titles 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

Biography

Albert de Broglie was born in Paris, France, the eldest son of Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie, a liberal statesman of the July Monarchy,[1] and Albertine, baroness Staël von Holstein, the fourth child of Madame de Staël.

After a brief diplomatic career at


Political offices
Preceded by
Comte de Rémusat
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1873
Succeeded by
Louis Decazes
Preceded by
Charles Beulé
Minister of the Interior
1873–1874
Succeeded by
Oscar Bardi de Fourtou
Preceded by
Louis Martel
Minister of Justice
1877
Succeeded by
François Le Pelletier
French nobility
Preceded by
Victor de Broglie
Duke of Broglie
1870–1901
Succeeded by
Victor de Broglie

External links

  •  Lebars, Jean (1907). "Jacques-Victor-Albert, Duc de Broglie".  
  • "Les Immortels: Albert de Broglie" (in French). Académie française. 2009. Retrieved 8 January 2009. 
  • Theroff, Paul (2005). "Broglie Genealogy". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 8 January 2009. 

Further reading

  •  
Attribution

References

  1. ^ a b Chisholm 1911, p. 627.
  2. ^ Chisholm 1911, pp. 627, 628.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 628.
  4. ^ Tinterow, Gary; Conisbee, Philip; Naef, Hans (1999). Portraits by Ingres: Image of an Epoch. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 447. ISBN 0-8109-6536-4

Notes

  • Duke of France (succeeded as 4th Duke of Broglie 1870)
  • Chevalier, Légion d'honneur (1845)

Honours and titles

They had the following children:

On 18 June 1845, styled Prince de Broglie, he married Joséphine-Eléonore-Marie-Pauline de Galard de Brassac de Béarn (1825–1860).[4]

Portrait of Princesse Albert de Broglie, née Joséphine-Eléonore-Marie-Pauline de Galard de Brassac de Béarn (1853) by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres.

Family

  • Le Secret du roi, Correspondance secrète de Louis XV avec ses agents diplomatiques, 1752–1774 (1878)
  • Frédéric II et Marie Thérèse (1883)
  • Frédéric II et Louis XV (1885)
  • Marie Thérèse Impératrice (1888)
  • Le Père Lacordaire (1889)
  • Maurice de Saxe et le marquis d'Argenson (1891)
  • La Paix d'Aix-la-Chapelle (1892)
  • L'Alliance autrichienne (1895)
  • La Mission de M. de Gontaut-Biron à Berlin (1896)
  • Voltaire avant et pendant la Guerre de Sept Ans (1898)
  • Saint Ambroise (trans., Margaret Maitland in the series, The Saints) (1899)

He published:[3]

  • The Souvenirs of his father (1886, etc.)
  • The Mémoires de Talleyrand (1891, etc.)
  • Letters of the Duchess Albertine de Broglie (1896)

De Broglie edited:[3]

Bibliography

  • Albert, duc de Broglie – President of the Council and Minister of Justice
  • Louis Decazes – Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Jean Auguste Berthaud – Minister of War
  • Oscar Bardi de Fourtou – Minister of the Interior
  • Eugène Caillaux – Minister of Finance
  • Albert Gicquel des Touches – Minister of Marine and Colonies
  • Joseph Brunet – Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Worship
  • Auguste Paris – Minister of Public Works
  • Alfred, vicomte de Meaux – Minister of Agriculture and Commerce

3rd Ministry (17 May – 23 November 1877)

  • Albert, duc de Broglie – President of the Council and Minister of the Interior
  • Louis Decazes – Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • François Claude du Barail – Minister of War
  • Pierre Magne – Minister of Finance
  • Octave Depeyre – Minister of Justice
  • Charles de Dompierre d'Hornoy – Minister of Marine and Colonies
  • Oscar Bardi de Fourtou – Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Worship
  • Charles de Larcy – Minister of Public Works
  • Alfred Deseilligny – Minister of Agriculture and Commerce

2nd Ministry (26 November 1873 – 22 May 1874)

1st Ministry (25 May – 26 November 1873)

The result was the fall of the cabinet on 16 May 1874. Three years later (on 16 May 1877) he was entrusted with the formation of a new Cabinet, with the object of appealing to the country and securing a new chamber more favorable to the reactionaries than its predecessor had been. The result, however, was a decisive Republican majority. The duc de Broglie was defeated in his own district, and resigned office on 20 November. Defeated in 1885, he abandoned politics and reverted to his historical work, publishing a series of historical studies and biographies. He died in Paris on 19 January 1901, aged 79.[3]

On the replacement of the latter by Marshal Mac-Mahon, the duc de Broglie became President of the Council and Minister for Foreign Affairs (May 1873), but in the reconstruction of the ministry on 26 November, after the passing of the Septennate, transferred himself to become the Minister of the Interior. His tenure of office was marked by an extreme conservatism, which roused the bitter hatred of the Republicans, while he alienated the Legitimist Party by his friendly relations with the Bonapartists, and the Bonapartists by an attempt to effect a compromise between the rival claimants to the monarchy.[3]

In March 1872, however, in consequence of criticisms of his negotiations concerning the commercial treaties between Britain and France, he resigned his post and took his seat in the Assembly, where he became the leading light of the monarchical campaign against President Thiers.[3]

In 1870 he succeeded his father as the 4th duc de Broglie, having previously been styled prince de Broglie. In the following year he was elected to the National Assembly for the département of the Eure, and a few days later (on 19 February) was appointed French Ambassador to London.[2]

[1] in 1862, joining his father in this august society.Académie française's seat in the Lacordaire. These, and other contributions, brought him the succession to Le Correspondant

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