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Alexander Svanidze

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Title: Alexander Svanidze  
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Subject: Joseph Stalin, Georgian Communist Party politicians, Old Bolsheviks, Yanks for Stalin, Yevgeny Dzhugashvili
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Alexander Svanidze

Alexander Semyonovich "Alyosha" Svanidze (Old Bolshevik and historian. He was a personal friend of Joseph Stalin and a brother of Stalin’s first wife Kato. Nevertheless, Stalin had him arrested during a purge in 1937. He was shot in prison in 1941.

Born of a Shota Rustaveli.[1]

At the height of the Great Purge, Stalin ordered Svanidze’s arrest in 1937. He refused defiantly to confess to being a German spy in return for his life as the NKVD demanded. "Such aristocratic pride," Stalin is quoted to have said. Svanidze, his wife Maria (née Korona; 1889-1942) — a singer for the Tbilisi Opera House and his sister Mariko were executed in 1941 as the Germans advanced.[2][3]


  1. ^ (Russian) Сванидзе, Александр Семенович. Retrieved on 2008-06-14.
  2. ^ Montefiore, Simon Sebag (2007), Young Stalin, pp. 311-2. McArthur & Company, ISBN 978-1-55278-646-8.
  3. ^ Rieber, Alfred J. Stalin, Man of the Borderlands. The American Historical Review. December 2001, vol. 106, no. 5.
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