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Algoma District

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Title: Algoma District  
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Subject: List of municipalities in Ontario, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, List of school districts in Ontario, Sudbury District, Hornepayne
Collection: Algoma District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Algoma District

Algoma District
District d'Algoma
Location of Algoma District in Ontario
Location of Algoma District in Ontario
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Northeastern Ontario
Created 1858
 • Land 48,810.68 km2 (18,845.91 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 115,870
 • Density 2.4/km2 (6/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 705
Seat Sault Ste. Marie
Website Algoma District Services Administration Board

Algoma District is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.

Algoma was created by proclamation in 1858[2] as a provisional judicial district of the Province of Canada comprising territory north of the French River as far west as Pigeon River (Minnesota-Ontario), including all Canadian islands in Lakes Huron and Superior. The authorizing act of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was An Act to provide for the Administration of Justice in the unorganized Tracts of Country within the limits of this Province (known by its short title as The Temporary Judicial Districts Act, 1857).

The district seat has been Sault Ste. Marie since 1858.

As the population grew and the northern and northwestern boundaries of Ontario were determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Algoma shrank. Other districts were created from it by the provincial government of Ontario:

The rugged scenery of this region has inspired works by Canadian artists, particularly the Group of Seven. They rented a boxcar from the Algoma Central Railway to travel on excursions through this region.


  • Subdivisions 1
    • Cities 1.1
    • Towns 1.2
    • Townships 1.3
    • Villages 1.4
    • Reserves 1.5
    • Unorganized areas 1.6
  • Demographics 2
  • Highways 3
    • King's Highways 3.1
    • Secondary highways 3.2
    • Tertiary highways 3.3
  • Protected areas 4
  • Forests 5
  • Attractions 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Communities within these subdivisions are added in parentheses.






Unorganized areas



King's Highways

Secondary highways

Tertiary highways

  • #821

Protected areas


In the Algoma section, the characteristic forest mixture consists of yellow birch, white spruce, balsam fir, sugar maple, hop-hornbeam, and eastern white cedar. Eastern white pine and occasional red pine (Pinus resinosa) dominate on the upper, steep south-facing slopes; white spruce, eastern white cedar, and balsam fir occupy the middle and lower slopes. A white spruce–balsam fir association, which usually includes white birch and black spruce, is prominent on the river terraces and adjoining flats in the northern part of the Section (Rowe 1972).[5]


See also


  1. ^ a b c "Algoma District census profile".  
  2. ^ Proclamation to take effect 1 May 1858, Canada Gazette (April 17, 1858), p. 676-677. New Proclamation to take effect 1 Oct 1859, Canada Gazette (Sept 10, 1859), p. 2226.
  3. ^ "2006 Community Profiles".  
  4. ^ "2001 Community Profiles".  
  5. ^ Rowe, J.S 1972. Forest regions of Canada. Can. Dep. Environ., Can. For. Serv., Ottawa ON, Publ. 1300. 172 p.

External links

  • Algoma District's Historic Bridges
  • Ontario's Algoma Country
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