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Ali Salem Tamek

Ali Salem Tamek
علي سالم التامك
Ali Salem Tamek in Ait Meloul Prison (Agadir, Morocco, 2005).
Born (1973-12-24) December 24, 1973
Assa, Morocco
Ethnicity Tekna Sahrawi[1]
Organization Collective of Sahrawi Human Rights Defenders
Known for Human rights defender, Trade unionist
Religion Sunni Islam
Spouse(s) Aicha Chafia Ramdan
Children Thawra
Parent(s) Mohamed Salem Ould El Mami Ould Mohamed Tamek (father), Fennina Bent Hammadi (mother)
Awards III "Juan Antonio González Caraballo" solidarity prize (2005)
I "José Manuel Méndez" human rights and social justice prize (2010)

Ali Salem Tamek (Arabic: علي سالم التامك‎; born December 24, 1973, in Assa, Morocco) is a Sahrawi independence activist, human rights defender and trade unionist.

Ali Salem Tamek was born in Assa, southern Morocco. He has emerged as one of the most outspoken Sahrawi dissidents under Moroccan rule. He is vice president of the Collective Of Sahrawi Human Rights Defenders (CODESA).[2] He was active in Moroccan trade unions and leftist Moroccan spheres.


  • Biography 1
  • Awards and nominations 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Related links 5


He has been jailed five times for nationalist activities, fired from his job, and for a long period of time had his passport confiscated. On September 13, 1993, he was detained for the first time, along with other Sahrawis, on the Moroccan-Algerian border in the region of

  • Call of Thawra (Letter to Ali Salem Tamek from his daughter)
  • Photo of Tamek on his 2004 prison release, in his hometown of Assa

Related links

  1. ^
  2. ^ Members of the CODESA secretariat
  3. ^ Brève fiche biographique de Ali Salem Tamek (French)
  4. ^ Agadir: procès en appel (French)
  5. ^ Ali Salem Tamek letter to the U.S. congress members ARSO
  6. ^ "Violated by five police officers, Tamek’s wife delivers a terrible testimony".  
  7. ^ Marta Arroyo (2005-06-26). "'"Aicha Ramdán: 'No puedo volver a mi tierra porque no soporto ver a los que tanto daño nos han hecho (in Español).  
  8. ^ "Detienen a un conocido militante saharaui en El Aaiún" (in Español). ( 
  9. ^ Marruecos considera a Ali Salem Tamek 'Enemigo Público Nº 1 Sahara resiste (Maroc Hebdo)
  10. ^ "Tamek. Le bac, enfin!" (in French). Tel Quel. Archived from the original on 12 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  11. ^ "Seven Western Saharan human rights defenders appear in Moroccan court".  
  12. ^ "Eight new prisoners of conscience in October".  
  13. ^ "Morocco court frees Sahara activists after two years".  
  14. ^ Ali Salem Tamek, Sahrawi ex-political prisoner receives the "Juan Antonio González Caraballo" award (Spanish)(French)
  15. ^ "Sahrawi human rights activist Ali Salem Tamek receives Jose Maria Mendez award". SPS. 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  16. ^ Asamblea por Tenerife crea un premio a los “Derechos Humanos y la Justicia Social” (Spanish)


See also

On March 14, 2010 he was awarded with the I "Jose Manuel Méndez" human rights and social justice prize, given by the citizens platform "Asamblea por Tenerife".[15][16]

On June 10, 2005 he was awarded with the III "Juan Antonio González Caraballo" Solidarity Prize, in a ceremony in Seville (Spain).[14]

Awards and nominations

Tamek, Brahim Dahhane, and Ahmed Nasiri were freed on 23 April 2011, shortly before they were set to begin a hunger strike to protest the conditions of their imprisonment.[13]

On October 8, 2009, he was arrested with six other Sahrawi human rights activists (known as "The Casablanca 7") at Casablanca Airport, after returning from visiting family members at the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. The judge accused them of "threatening state security", and sent the case to a military court.[11] They were declared prisoners of conscience by Amnesty International.[12]

Tamek completed final secondary-school examinations in 2007 in Morocco,[10] but wasn't allowed by the Moroccan authorities to study law and journalism.

On July 18, 2005 he was detained in El Aaiun airport while returning from Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, after touring Switzerland, Italy and Spain on conferences supporting the independence of Western Sahara.[8] The magazine Maroc Hebdo International put him in its July 2005 cover with the heading "Public Enemy Nº 1".[9] The European parliament called for his "immediate release" in a resolution on October 27. On December 14, Ali Salem Tamek was sentenced to 8 months in prison by a Moroccan court in El-Aaiún, being accusated of incitement to trouble the public order during the Independence Intifada. Both before and after the trial, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch issued reports [3][4] with concerns that Ali Salem Tamek and other Sahrawi activists were not getting fair trials, and may be prisoners of conscience. He was released again by a general royal pardon in April 2006.

He has been the target of smear campaigns in the Moroccan press, and complains of politically motivated harassment and threats to his life and family. His wife, Aicha Ramdan, reported in 2005 that in 2003 she had been raped by five policemen in front of her 3-year-old daughter, while visiting her husband in Agadir prison. She declared that one of them was Brahim Tamek, cousin of her husband, and other Mbarek Arsalane, both members of the Direction Générale de la Sûreté Nationale (Moroccan police).[6] She had asked for political asylum in Spain.[7] The Moroccan authorities had refused to recognize the name the family has given to their first daughter, Thawra. The name means "revolution" in Arabic. For that reason, the family was illegally deprived of the family allowance that the Moroccan law gives.

During his incarceration, he has been on numerous hunger strikes, and in 2003 came close to death before being released in a general royal pardon on January 7, 2004, on orders from the "Equity and Reconciliation Commission". Due to the precarious conditions of detention in Moroccan jails, his health had worsened (he suffers from asthma, rheumatism, skin allergies, and other ailments).[5]

. Algeria, Tindouf, the government-in-exile created by the Polisario Front, based in the Sahrawi refugee camps of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic backed referendum on independence. Tamek wishes Western Sahara to become an independent state under the auspices of the United Nations, which he denies, as he admits he supports the goal of the liberation movement, of holding a Polisario Front. Morocco accuses him of being an agent for the prisoner of conscience as a Amnesty International This led to him being referred to by [4]

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