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Angel tube station

Angel
Entrance on Islington High Street
Angel is located in Central London
Angel
Location of Angel in Central London
Location Angel
Local authority London Borough of Islington
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 17.78 million[1]
2012 18.58 million[1]
2013 18.93 million[1]
2014 19.22 million[1]
Key dates
1901 (1901) Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portal

Angel is a London Underground station in the Angel area of the London Borough of Islington. It is on the Bank branch of the Northern line, between Old Street and King's Cross St. Pancras stations, in Travelcard Zone 1.[2] The station was originally built by the City & South London Railway (C&SLR) and opened on 17 November 1901. The station served as a terminus until the line was extended to Euston on 12 May 1907.

The station was rebuilt in the early 1990s to accommodate the large number of passengers using the station. As a result, the station has an extra-wide southbound platform, the longest escalators on the Underground network[3][4] and the fourth-longest escalators in Western Europe.[5][6][7] It is also a proposed station on the Crossrail 2 (Chelsea-Hackney line) project.

Contents

  • Location 1
  • History 2
    • Station rebuilding 2.1
  • The station today 3
    • Escalators 3.1
    • Station improvements 3.2
  • Former siding 4
  • Services and connections 5
  • Future proposals 6
  • In media 7
  • Notes and references 8
    • Notes 8.1
    • References 8.2
    • Bibliography 8.3
  • External links 9

Location

Located on Islington High Street, the station provides access to several nearby Off West End, or Fringe theatre venues, including the Old Red Lion Theatre, Sadler's Wells Theatre, the King's Head Theatre and the Almeida Theatre.[8] It is also the nearest station to the main campus of City University and Chapel Market,[8] a London street market, and the antiques market and dealers of Camden Passage. Between Angel and Old Street stations is the disused City Road station.[9]

History

Angel station was originally built by the

Preceding station   London Underground   Following station
Northern line
Bank branch
towards Morden (via Bank)
  Former route (1901-1922)  
Preceding station   London Underground   Following station
Northern line
Bank branch
towards Morden (via Bank)
  Future Development  
Preceding station   Crossrail   Following station
Crossrail
Line 2
  • Photographic Collection Homepage from London Transport Museum
    • Original Angel station building
    • Station with new façade in 1924
    • Station entrance, 1988
    • The original island platform with tracks each side, 1988
  • More photographs of Angel

External links

  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport.  
  • Connor, J.E. (2006) [1999]. London's Disused Underground Stations (2nd ed.). Capital Transport.  
  • Dwyer, Rachel (2014). Bollywood's India: Hindi Cinema as a Guide to Contemporary India.  
  • Day, John R; Reed, John (2010) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground (11th ed.). Capital Transport.  

Bibliography

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data.  
  2. ^  
  3. ^ a b c Day & Reed 2010, p. 197.
  4. ^ a b "London Underground: 150 fascinating Tube facts". Telegraph. 9 January 2013. Archived from the original on 10 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Náměstí Míru".  
  6. ^ a b Jörgen, Städje (18 October 2009). "Rulltrappor – så funkar de".  
  7. ^ a b "Kamppi metro station". HKL. 14 December 2009. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "Angel Tube Station". Google Maps. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ragga, John. "Angel". London Underground Technical - Northern Line Disused Features. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Chapter XVII: The Angel and Islington High Street". Survey of London. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "Pub Names". Secret London. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c Feather, Clive. "Northern line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  13. ^ a b Rose 1999.
  14. ^ a b Connor 2006, p. 124.
  15. ^  
  16. ^ "Tube Stations that only have escalators". Tube Facts and Figures. Geofftech. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c "Station Refurbishment Summary" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. July 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  18. ^ Feather, Clive. "Angel tube station". Railway Photographs. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. "View of the disused northbound running tunnel and reversing siding"
  19. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Angel Underground Station to King's Cross St. Pancras Underground Station".  
  20. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Angel Underground Station to Old Street Underground Station".  
  21. ^ "Night buses from Islington Angel" (PDF).  
  22. ^ "Buses from Islington (Angel station)" (PDF).  
  23. ^ a b "The Route".  
  24. ^ a b "Chelsea Hackney line".  
  25. ^ Amar, Singh (14 May 2007). "Bollywood comes to London".  
  26. ^ Lata, Khubchandani (5 February 2001). "DDLJ story goes to the roots of Indian culture". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  27. ^ Dwyer 2014, p. 59.

References

  1. ^ Angel is one of the five stations on the London Underground named after a public house – in this case the once-famous Angel inn, which dates back to at least 1638.[10] The others are Elephant & Castle, Manor House, Royal Oak and Swiss Cottage.[11]
  2. ^ This rebuilding technique was also applied on Euston's Bank branch platforms.[9]
  3. ^ This disused junction of tunnels still survives between the two running lines.[9]
  4. ^ All train departures are based on the December 2014 timetable.

Notes

Notes and references

The station's escalators and the southbound platform were featured in the Bollywood hit film Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge.[25][26][27]

In media

Angel is a proposed station on the Crossrail 2 (Chelsea-Hackney line) project.[23][24] Depending on the route constructed, it would be between King's Cross St. Pancras and Dalston Junction or Hackney Central.[23] It was officially safeguarded as part of the route in 2007, although there had been proposals for a route for some time previously and safeguarding had been in place since 1991.[24] This would provide an interchange between a London Underground line and a Crossrail line.

Future proposals

London Bus routes 4, 19, 30, 38, 43, 56, 73, 153, 205, 214, 274, 341, 394 and 476, and night routes N19, N38, N41, N73 and N205[21] serve the station.[22]

Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but generally operate every 3–6 minutes between 06:03 and 00:25 in both directions.[19][20][note 4]

Services and connections

When Angel was opened, a long dead-end siding was provided for train stabling, converging from the left onto the northbound line just south of the station.[9][18] This was retained over the years but eventually it was closed on 23 January 1959 (along with the signal box at the south end of the platform) to simplify through running.[9] The siding lay derelict and unused until the rebuilding scheme.[9] Part of the siding was used as the northbound diversion tunnel, which branched off the existing northbound line, cut through into the end of the siding and continued along it until it branched off left to the new northbound platform.[9][note 3]

Former siding

The station was refurbished (as of 2015) and work began on 2 January 2007.[17] Additional CCTV cameras and Help Points were installed, bringing the total to 77 cameras in the station and 9 Help Points (which were upgraded with new induction loops) to better aid hearing-impaired passengers.[17] In addition, new communications equipment was introduced and damaged signs were replaced with new ones.[17]

Station improvements

With a vertical rise of 27 metres (89 ft) and a length of 60 metres (200 ft), Angel station has the longest escalators on the Underground,[3][4] and the fourth-longest set of escalators in Western Europe (after Náměstí Míru in the Prague Metro at 87 metres (285 ft),[5] Västra skogen in the Stockholm Metro at 67 metres (220 ft)[6] and Kamppi station in the Helsinki Metro at 64 metres (210 ft)[7]).

Escalators

The station's ticket hall has a sculpture of an Angel by Kevin Boys. Angel is also one of the number of stations to have only escalator access to the platforms.[16]

The longest escalators on the Underground
The Sculpture in the ticket hall

The station today

For years since its opening, the station regularly suffered from overcrowding and had a very narrow island platform (barely 12 feet (3.7 m) in width), which constituted a major safety issue and caused justified fear among passengers.[15] Consequently, the station was comprehensively rebuilt in the early 1990s.[9] A new section of tunnel was excavated for a new northbound platform, and the southbound platform was rebuilt to completely occupy the original 30-foot tunnel, leaving it wider than most deep-level platforms on the system.[note 2] The lifts and the ground-level building were closed and a new station entrance was opened on 10 August 1992 around the corner in Islington High Street together with the northbound platform while the southbound platform opened on 17 September 1992.[9] Because of the distance between the new entrance and the platforms, and their depth, two flights of escalators were required, aligned approximately at a right angle.[3]

Station rebuilding

The extra-wide southbound platform occupies the whole of the original station tunnel

As with many of the C&SLR's stations, it was originally built with a single central island platform serving two tracks in a single tunnel – an arrangement still seen at Clapham North and Clapham Common (as of 2015). Access to the platforms from street level was via three Euston Anderson electric lifts before the rebuilding of the station. When the C&SLR line was closed for tunnel reconstruction in the early 1920s to accommodate larger trains,[12] the station façade was reclad with tiling and the lifts were replaced by new ones from Otis.[14]

[13] and Angel became a through station.[12]Euston On 12 May 1907, the C&SLR opened a further extension from Angel to [14] and Torrens Street.City Road The station building was designed by Sydney Smith and was located on the corner of [13][12]

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